FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 38 | 39 || 41 | 42 |   ...   | 57 |

«Mixed Messages on Mixed incoMes Volume 15, Number 2 • 2013 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and ...»

-- [ Page 40 ] --

The neighborhood poverty level for those who did and did not experience an easy relocation exhibits no significant difference. Those who experienced an easy relocation chose neighborhoods with significantly greater proportions of both female-headed households and unemployed heads of households than did those who did not experience an easy relocation. Similarly, those who experienced an easy relocation ended up in more racially segregated neighborhoods, with 92 percent non-Hispanic African-American neighbors, compared with the neighborhoods of those without an easy relocation (79 percent African American).

Discussion and Conclusion The goal of this article has been to examine whether perceived levels of satisfaction with the relocation process among former public housing residents affected postrelocation satisfaction with home and neighborhood and to examine whether there are significant differences in destination neighborhood characteristics based on levels of satisfaction with the relocation process. We conducted this analysis using data from an Atlanta-based longitudinal study following public housing residents from pending relocation through being relocated, interviewing them before relocation and then 6 months after relocation.

Overall, our destination neighborhood-level findings are consistent with the previous research: by and large, former public housing residents are moving to neighborhoods that have less poverty (but not low poverty) and that are safer than, but just as racially segregated as, their former neighborhoods. Our findings are also consistent with the previous research concerning levels of attachment to public housing communities and residents who fall into the category of hard to house. Specifically, being older, having a disability, having a longer tenure in public housing, and experiencing postrelocation financial strain are significantly associated with lower levels of relocation process satisfaction. Although those in highrise housing for seniors or people with disabilities were less likely to experience an easy relocation process, they were not the only hard-to-house residents.

Within family housing, those residents with longer tenure and greater attachment to the community in terms of networks were less likely to experience an easy relocation process.

–  –  –

The findings are far more mixed concerning the relationship between levels of relocation-process satisfaction and destination neighborhood characteristics. First, no significant difference emerges in terms of levels of satisfaction and levels of neighborhood poverty. In other words, regardless of poor satisfaction or high satisfaction, residents are moving to neighborhoods with similar poverty levels. On the other hand, those residents with high satisfaction are moving to neighborhoods that are more stable in terms of mobility, but these neighborhoods also have a significantly higher proportion of female-headed households, unemployment, and racial segregation.

What, then, do these findings imply for the policy imperatives to use public housing demolition and relocation in an effort to deconcentrate poverty and, in the process, create mixed-income developments and places? The most obvious implication is that the policy discourse clearly does not match up with residents’ perceptions in terms of being relocated and postrelocation satisfaction.

The relationship appears direct between those who were less satisfied with the relocation process and those who are less satisfied with their postrelocation home and neighborhood. The relationship between relocation process levels of satisfaction and postrelocation neighborhood characteristics tells a different story, however. There is no statistical difference in neighborhood levels of poverty, and, although those who were more satisfied with the relocation process ended up in more stable neighborhoods, those neighborhoods had higher racial segregation.

The underlying assumptions of the poverty deconcentration imperative clearly are not supported by our analyses. More specifically, our analyses point to the importance of acknowledging that one size does not fit all and that resident perceptions matter. Public housing transformation efforts using relocation to the subsidized private rental market need to better accommodate the varying circumstances of the residents before relocation and their relocation preferences within the context of health conditions, disability, age, public housing tenure, and essential social supports.

Our findings also speak to the importance of proactively including residents’ voices in the relocation process and not simply assuming that they will be better off because they are moving out of public housing and into neighborhoods with less poverty. Lastly, although at least in our sample the majority of residents in family housing expressed a desire to move (whereas the majority of those in senior housing did not want to move), an explicit acknowledgement that these are forced moves needs to be better incorporated into such policies.

Acknowledgments Support for this study was provided by National Science Foundation grants # SES-0852195 and 1123105, the University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, the Partnership for Urban Health, the Center for Metropolitan and Urban Studies, and the College of Arts and Sciences of Georgia State University. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the granting entities. The authors thank the reviewers and HUD editors for helpful comments and critiques.

Authors Deirdre Oakley is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at Georgia State University.

Erin Ruel is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at Georgia State University.

Lesley Reid is a professor in the Department of Sociology at Georgia State University.

Cityscape 189Oakley, Ruel, and Reid


Atlanta Housing Authority (AHA). 2008. FY 2004 MTW Annual Implementation Plan. Atlanta:

Atlanta Housing Authority.

Boyd, Melody L. 2008. “The Role of Social Networks in Making Housing Choices: The Experience of the Gautreaux Two Residential Mobility Program,” Cityscape 10 (1): 41–64.

Briggs, Xavier. 1998. “Brown Kids in White Suburbs: Housing Mobility and the Many Faces of Social Capital,” Housing Policy Debate 9 (1): 177–221.

Buron, Larry, Diane Levy, and Megan Gallagher. 2007. Housing Choice Vouchers: How HOPE VI Families Fared in the Private Market. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Metropolitan Housing and Communities Center.

Buron, Larry, Susan Popkin, Diane Levy, Laura Harris, and Jill Khadduri. 2002. The HOPE VI Resident Tracking Study. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Chaskin, Robert J., Mark L. Joseph, Sara Voelker, and Amy Dworsky. 2012. “Public Housing Transformation and Resident Relocation: Comparing Destinations and Household Characteristics in Chicago,” Cityscape 14 (1): 183–214.

Clampet-Lundquist, Susan. 2010. “Everyone Had Your Back: Social Ties, Perceived Safety, and Public Housing Relocation,” City and Community 9 (1): 87–107.

Comey, Jennifer. 2007. HOPE VI’d and on the Move. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Metropolitan Housing and Communities Center.

Crump, Jeff. 2002. “Deconcentration by Demolition: Public Housing, Poverty, and Urban Policy,” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 20: 581–596.

Cunningham, Mary, Susan Popkin, and Martha Burt. 2005. Public Housing Transformation and the “Hard to House”. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Devine, Deborah, Robert Gray, Lester Rubin, and Lydia Taghavi. 2003. Housing Choice Voucher Location Patterns: Implications for Participants and Neighbourhood Welfare. Washington, DC: U.S.

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research.

Farmer, Dwanda. 2012. “Exploring the Impacts of the HOPE VI Program on Residents and Surrounding Neighborhoods in the City of Atlanta.” Dissertation, School of Community Economic Development, Southern New Hampshire University.

Fischer, Paul. 2002. Racial Concentration and the CHA Relocation Program. Chicago: Shriver National Poverty Law Center of Chicago.

———. 2001. Section 8 and the Public Housing Revolution: Where Will the Families Go? Chicago:

Woods Fund of Chicago.

Fraser, James, William Rohe, Shannon van Zandt, and Chris Warren. 2004. Few Gardens HOPE VI Evaluation: Baseline Values for Economic Development and Neighborhood Revitalization. Report for the Durham Housing Authority. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, The Center for Urban and Regional Studies.

–  –  –

Goetz, Edward G. 2010. “Better Neighborhoods, Better Outcomes? Explaining Relocation Outcomes in HOPE VI,” Cityscape 12 (1): 5–32.

———. 2003. Clearing the Way. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

———. 2002. “Forced Relocations vs. Voluntary Mobility: The Effects of Dispersal Programmes on Households,” Housing Studies 17 (1): 107–123.

Greenbaum, Susan. 2008. “Poverty and the Willful Destruction of Social Capital: Displacement and Dispossession in African American Communities,” Rethinking Marxism 20 (1): 42–54.

———. 2002. “Social Capital and Deconcentration: Theoretical and Policy Paradoxes of the HOPE VI Program,” North American Dialogue 5 (1): 9–13.

Johnson-Hart, Lallen. 2007. Residential Outcomes of HOPE VI Relocatees in Richmond, VA.

Master’s thesis, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Keene, Danya, and Arline Geronimus. 2011. “‘Weathering’ HOPE VI: The Importance of Evaluating the Population Health Impact of Public Housing Demolition and Displacement,” Journal of Urban Health 88 (3): 417–435.

Keller, JoDee. 2011. “Experiences of Public Housing Residents Following Relocation: Explorations of Ambiguous Loss, Resiliency, and Cross-Generational Perspectives,” Journal of Poverty 15 (2): 141–163.

Kingsley, Thomas, Jennifer Johnson, and Kathryn Pettit. 2003. “Patterns of Section 8 Relocation in the HOPE VI Program,” Journal of Urban Affairs 25 (4): 427–447.

Kleit, Rachel, and Martha Galvez. 2011. “The Location Choices of Public Housing Residents Displaced by Redevelopment: Market Constraints, Personal Preferences, or Social Information?” Journal of Urban Affairs 33 (4): 375–407.

Kleit, Rachel, and Lynn Manzo. 2006. “To Move or Not To Move: Relationships to Place and Relocation Choices in HOPE VI,” Housing Policy Debate 17 (2): 271–308.

Liang, Kyee, and Scott Zeger. 1986. “Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Generalized Linear Models,” Biometrika 73: 13–22.

Manzo, Lynn, Rachel Kleit, and Dawn Couch. 2008. “Moving Three Times Is Like Having Your House on Fire Once: The Experience of Place and Impending Displacement Among Public Housing Residents,” Urban Studies 45: 1855–1878.

Oakley, Deirdre, and Keri Burchfield. 2009. “Out of the Projects, Still in the Hood: The Spatial Constraints on Public Housing Residents’ Relocation in Chicago,” Journal of Urban Affairs 31 (5): 589–614.

Oakley, Deirdre, Erin Ruel, and Lesley Reid. 2013. “Atlanta’s Last Demolitions and Relocations:

The Relationship Between Neighborhood Characteristics and Resident Satisfaction,” Housing Studies 28 (2): 205–234.

Oakley, Deirdre, Erin Ruel, and E. Wilson. 2008. A Choice With No Options: Atlanta Public Housing Residents’ Lived Experiences in the Face of Relocation. Atlanta: Georgia State University.

–  –  –

Popkin, Susan. 2010. “A Glass Half Empty? New Evidence From the HOPE VI Panel Study,” Housing Policy Debate 20 (1): 43–63.

———. 2006. “No Simple Solutions: Housing CHA’s Most Vulnerable Families,” Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy 148: 2006.

Popkin, Susan, and Mary Cunningham. 2002. CHA Relocation and Mobility Counseling Assessment Final Report. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Popkin, Susan, Diane Levy, and Larry Buron. 2009. “Has HOPE VI Transformed Residents’ Lives?

New Evidence From the HOPE VI Panel Study,” Housing Studies 24 (4): 477–502.

Popkin, Susan, Michael Rich, Leah Hendey, Chris Hayes, and Joe Parilla. 2012. Public Housing Transformation and Crime: Making the Case for Responsible Relocation. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Popkin, Susan, Brett Theodos, Catrina Roman, Elizabeth Guernsey, and Liza Getsinger. 2008. The Chicago Family Case Management Demonstrations: Developing a New Model for Serving “Hard to House” Public Housing Families. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Ruel, Erin, Deirdre Oakley, Chandra Ward, Renee Alston, and Lesley Reid. 2012. “Public Housing Relocations in Atlanta: Documenting Residents’ Attitudes, Concerns and Experiences,” Cities. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2012.07.010 (accessed February, 3, 2013).

Theodos, Brett, Susan Popkin, Elizabeth Guernsey, and Liza Getsinger. 2010. Inclusive Public Housing: Services for the Hard to House. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). 2011. Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

———. 2001. The Housing Choice Voucher Guidebook. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Venkatesh, Sudhir. 2002. The Robert Taylor Homes Relocation Study: A Research Report From the Center for Urban Research and Policy. New York: Columbia University.

———. 2000. American Project: The Rise and Fall of the Modern Ghetto. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Wang, Xinhao, David Varady, and Yimei Wang. 2008. “Measuring the Deconcentration of Housing Choice Voucher Program Recipients in Eight U.S. Metropolitan Areas Using Hot Spot Analysis,” Cityscape 10 (1): 65–90.

192 Mixed Messages on Mixed Incomes Commentary These comments relate to the articles in this Cityscape symposium by Basolo, by Skobba and Goetz, and by Oakley, Ruel, and Reid.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 38 | 39 || 41 | 42 |   ...   | 57 |

Similar works:

«Asia Pacific Journal of Research Vol: I Issue XIII, January 2014 ISSN: 2320-5504, E-ISSN-2347-4793 A STUDY ON THE AWARENESS LEVEL OF LIC POLICY HOLDERS IN SALEM DISTRICT Dr.T.Thirupathi, Assistant Professor of Commerce, Government Arts College, (Autonomous), Salem, Tamil Nadu – 636 007 Introduction Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) is the largest insurance group and investment company in India. It is a state-owned company where the Government of India has 100% stake. It has assets...»

«Towards Social Event Detection and Contextualisation for Journalists Prashant Khare Bahareh Rahmanzadeh Heravi Insight Centre for Data Analytics Insight Centre for Data Analytics National University of Ireland, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland Galway, Ireland prashant.khare@insightbahareh.heravi@insightcentre.org centre.org Abstract Social media platforms have become an important source of information in course of a breaking news event, such as natural calamity, political uproar,...»

«Youth Policy: What Works and What Doesn’t? A Review of Youth Policy Models From Canada and Other Jurisdictions February 2008 Youth Policy: What Works and What Doesn’t A report of United Way Toronto February 2008 Prepared by: Kamara Jeffrey United Way Project Staff: Diane Dyson Kathy Gallagher-Ross Michelle Smith Ming-Young Tam Peter Alexander United Way Toronto thanks and acknowledges the following individuals for their contribution of time and expertise: Angela Carr, Government of New...»

«UNITED STATES OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT Washington, DC 20415 Management Services Division Contracting Policy 13.301 OPM Purchase Card Program Revision 2 Purpose: This policy provides cardholders with procedures for the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) purchase card program. Effective Date: Immediately. This document supersedes Contracting Policy 13.301 Revision 1 dated June 18, 2008. Expiration Date: None (May only be canceled or superseded.) Background: Section 13.301 of the...»

«Adult and Community Learning Confidentiality and Data Protection Policy and Practice Guidelines Policy Date: 31st July 2014 Review Date: 31st July 2015 Page | 1 Contents 1. INTRODUCTION.P3 2. STATEMENT OF INTENT.P3 3. SCOPE..P3 4. GUIDELINES FOR CODE OF PRACTICE.P4 5. BREACHES OF CONFIDENTIALITY.P6 6. FREEDOM OF INFORMATION.P7 7. GLOSSARY OF TERMS.P8 Page | 2 Introduction The purpose of this policy is to ensure that all staff, sub-contracted service providers and partner organisations...»

«DIRECTORATE GENERAL FOR INTERNAL POLICIES LEGAL AFFAIRS Legal aspects of free and open source software COMPILATION OF BRIEFING NOTES This document was requested by the European Parliament's Committee on Legal Affairs.RESPONSIBLE ADMINISTRATORS Danai PAPADOPOULOU Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs European Parliament B-1047 Brussels E-mail: danai.papadopoulou@europarl.europa.eu Rosa RAFFAELLI Policy Department C: Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs European...»

«389 Where Will I Sleep Tomorrow? Housing, Homelessness, and the Returning Prisoner Caterina Gouvis Roman The Urban Institute Jeremy Travis City University of New York Abstract This year, over 630,000 prisoners will be released from state and federal prisons across the country—more than four times as many as were released in 1980. In this article, we examine the scope of the prisoner reentry issue—what is known about the intersection of housing, homelessness, and reentry and about the...»

«POLICY MAKING MODELS AND THEIR ROLE IN POLICY EDUCATION Alan J. Hahn Cornell University The purposes of this paper are to (1) review commonly used models of policy making and discuss their applications in policy education and (2) summarize recent developments in research and theory and speculate about their implications for policy education. Commonly Used Models The following models are those covered in standard textbooks on public policy (e.g., Anderson; Dye). Institutionalism. This is the...»

«EDUCATIONAL FUTURES: RETHINKING THEORY AND PRACTICE Policy, Discourse and Rhetoric How New Labour Challenged Social Justice and Democracy Marie Lall (Ed.) EDUCATIONAL FUTURES RETHINKING THEORY AND PRACTICE Volume 52 Series Editors Michael A. Peters University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Editorial Board Michael Apple, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Miriam David, Institute of Education, London University, UK Cushla Kapitzke, Queensland University of Technology, Australia Simon...»

«POLICY AND PROCEDURE MANUAL This manual was created to give the reader comprehensive information about CEACA and its operations. This manual is available on the CEACA website, ceaca.com.au, and at the CEACA administration centre 38A Downey Street, Alexandra, Victoria. This manual is a living document and is in the process of being reviewed and modernised. If you have any questions or concerns about the content of this manual please contact CEACA Program and Quality Manager...»

«Research Policy Brief 32 The Global Financial Crisis and Macroeconomic Policy Issues in Asia Shinji Takagi December 2009 The Asian Development Bank Institute’s (ADBI) research policy briefs are short, nontechnical pieces that summarize the key messages from ADBI research projects. They are available online via http://www.adbi.org/publications/ and in hardcopy. Asian Development Bank Institute Kasumigaseki Building 8F 3-2-5 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 100-6008, Japan Tel: +81-3-3593-5500...»

«Australia's Involvement in the Vietnam War, the Political Dimension Part 1 © Brian Ross, 1995 Introduction This is the second post promised analysing why Australia entered the Vietnam War. American readers should be warned that because it looks primarily at the domestic political scene in Australia at the time, it does as a consequence refer to characters and events which most of you will not be aware of. However, I have included a short preface, attempting to identify most of the major...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.