WWW.THESES.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 24 | 25 || 27 | 28 |   ...   | 57 |

«Mixed Messages on Mixed incoMes Volume 15, Number 2 • 2013 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and ...»

-- [ Page 26 ] --

James, Simon, Bill Jordan, and Helen Kay. 2001. “Poor People, Council Housing and the Right to Buy,” Journal of Social Policy 20 (1): 27–40.

Jones, Colin, and Jim Brown. 2002. “The Establishment of Markets for Owner Occupation Within Public Sector Communities,” European Journal of Housing Policy 2 (3): 265–292.

Jones, Colin, and Alan Murie. 2006. The Right to Buy: Analysis & Evaluation of a Housing Policy.

Oxford, United Kingdom: Blackwell.

———. 1999. Reviewing the Right to Buy. Birmingham, United Kingdom: University of Birmingham, Centre for Urban and Regional Studies.

Kearns, Ade. 2002. “Response: From Residential Disadvantage to Opportunity? Reflections on British and European Policy Research,” Housing Studies 17: 145–150.

Kerr, Marion. 1988. The Right to Buy: A National Survey of Tenants and Buyers of Former Council Houses. London, United Kingdom: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

King, Peter. 2010. Housing Policy Transformed: The Right to Buy and the Desire To Own. Bristol, United Kingdom: The Policy Press.

Kleinhans, Reinout. 2004. “Social Implications of Housing Diversification in Urban Renewal:

A Review of Recent Literature,” Journal of Housing and the Built Environment 19 (4): 367–390.

–  –  –

Leather, Philip. 2000. Crumbling Castles? Helping Owners To Repair and Maintain Their Homes. York, United Kingdom: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Leather, Philip, and Keith Anderson. 1999. The Condition of Former Right to Buy Properties and Innovative Approaches to the Management and Financing of Repair Work. Report to Scottish Homes (Report 74). Edinburgh, United Kingdom: Scottish Homes.

Lee, Peter, Alan Murie, Alex Marsh, and Mike Riseborough. 1995. The Price of Social Exclusion.

London, United Kingdom: National Federation of Housing Associations.

Lynn, Peter. 1991. The Right to Buy: A National Follow-Up Survey of Tenants of Council Homes in England. London, United Kingdom: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Manley, David, Maarten van Ham, Nick Bailey, Ludi Simpson, and Duncan Maclennan, eds. 2013.

Neighbourhood Effects or Neighbourhood Based Problems? A Policy Context. Dordrecht, the Netherlands:

Springer.

McCabe, Brian. 2012. “Homeownership and Social Trust in Neighbors,” City & Community 11 (4):

389–408.

Munro, Moira. 2007. “Evaluating Policy Towards Increasing Owner Occupation,” Housing Studies 22 (2): 243–260.

Musterd, Sako. 2002. “Response: Mixed Housing Policy: A European (Dutch) Perspective,” Housing Studies 17: 139–143.

Musterd, Sako, and Roger Andersson. 2005. “Housing Mix, Social Mix and Social Opportunities,” Urban Affairs Review 40: 761–790.

Office for National Statistics. 2012. “Office for National Statistics Census Outcomes.” Available at http://www.ons.gov.uk (accessed March 6, 2013).

Pawson, Hal, and Glen Bramley. 2000. “Understanding Recent Trends in Residential Mobility in Council Housing in England,” Urban Studies 37 (8): 1231–1259.

Pawson, Hal, and Craig Watkins. 1998. “The Position and Role of Former Public Sector Homes in the Owner-Occupied Sector: New Evidence From the Scottish Housing Market,” Urban Studies 35 (8): 1291–1309.

Pawson, Hal, Craig Watkins, and James Morgan. 1997. Right to Buy Resales in Scotland. Edinburgh, United Kingdom: Scottish Office.

Power, Anne, and Rebecca Tunstall. 1995. Swimming Against the Tide: Polarisation or Progress on 20 Unpopular Council Estates, 1980–1995. York, United Kingdom: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Rohe, William, George McCarthy, and Shannon Van Zandt. 2000. The Social Benefits and Costs of Homeownership. Washington, DC: Research Institute for Housing America.

Russell, Fraser, and Jackie Welsh. 1998. Factors in Common: How Local Authorities Manage Common Repairs to Property in Mixed Ownership in Scotland. Glasgow, United Kingdom: Scottish Consumer Council.

–  –  –

Scott, Suzie, Hector Currie, Joe Dean, and Keith Kintrea. 2001. Good Practice in Housing Management:

Case Studies, Conclusions and Recommendations. Edinburgh, United Kingdom: Scottish Executive.

Scottish Executive. 2006. The Right to Buy in Scotland: Pulling Together the Evidence: A Report to Parliament on the Effect of the Right to Buy in Practice. Edinburgh, United Kingdom: Scottish Executive.

Scottish Government. 2012. “The Scottish Government 2012 Right to Buy Guide.” Available at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Built-Environment/Housing/16342/rtb (accessed January 17, 2013).

Tunstall, Rebecca. 2011. “How Much Tenure Mix Is There in England, How Has This Changed 1981–2001 and What Are the Policy Implications?” Paper presented at the 23rd European Network of Housing Researchers conference, “‘Mixité’: An Urban and Housing Issue?,” Toulouse, France, July 5–8. Available at http://www.enhr2011.com/sites/default/files/Tunstall-WS03.pdf (accessed January 17, 2013).

Veldboer, Lex, Reinout Kleinhans, and Jan Willem Duyvendak. 2002. “The Diversified Neighbourhood: An International Perspective: How Do Countries Deal With the Spatial Distribution of Economic and Cultural Differences?” Journal of International Migration and Integration 3 (1): 41–64.





Williams, Nicholas, and James Sewell. 1987. “Council House Sales in the Rural Environment.” In Rural Housing in Scotland: Recent Research and Policy, edited by Bryan McGregor, Douglas Robertson, and Mark Shucksmith. Aberdeen, United Kingdom: Aberdeen University Press.

Williams, Nicholas, and Fred Twine. 1994. “Locals, Incomers and Second Homes: The Role of Resold Public Sector Dwellings in Rural Scotland,” Scandinavian Housing and Planning Research 11: 193–209.

–  –  –

Housing Policy Possibilities in the Prison of Property Relations: A Commentary Katherine Hankins Georgia State University At the current conjuncture of neoliberal capitalism in the United States and in the United Kingdom, housing policy continues to undergo transformations that increasingly make poor households vulnerable while emphasizing (and enhancing) the value (and values) of the private property market. As the conveners of this symposium explore, a variety of housing policies have been rolled out in the past several decades to deconcentrate urban poor populations from public housing (in the United States) or social housing (in the United Kingdom) projects. Such policies include dispersing them into mixed-income Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere (HOPE VI) developments or distributing housing vouchers for market-rate rental units (in the United States), or providing opportunities for residents of social housing to purchase their units with the Right to Buy (RTB) program (in the United Kingdom). These transformations have raised important questions about the ability of a marketized social safety net to deliver housing as a social good and the effects of these policies on poor urban households, on neighborhoods, and on cities more broadly.

As the articles in this section of the symposium reveal, the assumption that mixed-income housing is a desirable policy with beneficial outcomes requires interrogation. Before turning to the careful arguments that James C. Fraser, Robert J. Chaskin, and Joshua Theodore Bazuin and that Reinout Kleinhans and Maarten van Ham offer, I first situate my discussion of housing policy in terms of the “prison” of property relations.

In his article on space, politics, and the political, in which he explores conceptualizations of space and politics based on the writings of Jacques Ranciere, Dikec (2005) retold a compelling story to make a clear point about the possibilities for emancipatory politics and real social change. The story, in my view, is instructive in thinking about how policies such as those involving housing often ignore the more fundamental societal dynamics that undergird the very need for state intervention in housing in the first place. The story he recounts, based on Eric Rochant’s 1997 French film Vive la Republique!, is set in a French city in which a homeless man gives a lesson on politics to a political activist. The homeless man asks the activist to imagine a prison in which the prisoners have done nothing wrong but were simply born into the prison. It is, as Dikec (2005: 173, emphasis original) Cityscape 119 Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research • Volume 15, Number 2 • 2013 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development • Office of Policy Development and Research Hankins highlighted, the “natural order of things” that some people are born in the prison and some people are born outside of it. At some point in the prison experience, a shortage of food occurs. The prisoners organize to elect democratically a representative from the prison population to address the food shortage. The first elected representative, who is from the Left, sees the food issue as a great injustice, but very little changes in the prison, and the prisoners still do not have enough food to eat. So they elect a representative from the Right, who also has limited power to address the food situation.

The prisoners, in fact, do not care much about the Left or Right as long as they have enough to eat. And the problem of food in the prison becomes the major issue in the agenda; people talk about nothing but the food problem in the prison. And this, the homeless person argues, is the fraud. Even if one day the problem of food in the prison is resolved, either by the Left or the Right, the situation will remain unchanged: they will have enough to eat, but they will still be in the prison. Politics, he concludes, is not about the food in the prison, but about the very prison. (Dikec, 2005: 173) The prison that needs to be addressed by politics—and, ultimately, policy—is, in my view, the capitalist property relations and the ownership model of private property.

As Blomley (2004: xvii) suggested, property “is understood in largely political and legal terms, characterized by a particular and potent mix of rights, jural relations, ideologies and exclusions. To invoke property is to summon up both formally prescribed rights as well as nonjusticiable, yet still powerful, understandings of ownership and entitlement. It is to recognize that property is deeply social and political…” In the “ownership model” of property relations, property is imagined as

private, “with the solitary owner exercising exclusionary rights over a bounded space. While property may be public (that is, held by the state), it is rarely imagined as collective” (Blomley, 2004:

xiv). The ownership society is clearly productive of and produced by capitalist social relations, in which private property is a key component of the circulation of capital (Harvey, 1989; Smith, 2010). Emphasis on private ownership in housing policy, as the articles in this symposium section explore, does not fundamentally address the ownership model; or, to invoke the prison-food story, mixed-income housing that relies on property ownership in a neoliberal capitalist political economy remains in the domain of a food question. Recognizing the prison structure is, I would argue, an important way forward. In the absence of revolution or proper politics (Ranciere, 2001), however, the very issue of providing housing to those who are marginalized by capitalist property relations is not a task to be ignored. In this vein, then, I think it is important to look to the articles in this section to explore how the ownership model of (private) property relations has become increasingly dominant on both sides of the Atlantic.

The authors of both articles make it clear that the private ownership of housing has become an aspirational model for housing policy, as seen in the ways in which the state has relinquished control of state-owned property to market relations, such as project-based housing to HOPE VI in the United States and RTB in the United Kingdom. In fact, with a simple table, Kleinhans and van Ham note the significant shift in tenure distribution in housing in England and Wales between 1981 and 2011, whereby 69 percent of the population were private property owners or renters in 1981 versus 82 percent in 2011. This shift has been the product of constantly embattled public housing, as noted in Fraser, Chaskin, and Bazuin, and very powerful discourses around the efficiencies of the private property market, which ultimately serve private interests.

120 Mixed Messages on Mixed Incomes Housing Policy Possibilities in the Prison of Property Relations: A Commentary The authors of these articles make clear that the results of this shift to the privatized delivery of housing have been mixed at best. Kleinhans and van Ham rightfully analyze findings associated with the effects of RTB on neighborhoods, a much-needed scale of analysis. As Kleinhans and van Ham explore, RTB is intended to stimulate homeownership. As they demonstrate through careful combing of a large body of literature, the effects of the policy in recent decades have been to advantage better off, economically active tenants who generally live in more attractive properties in more desirable areas. The result is, as they argue, to further marginalize already marginalized regions of cities or to contribute to residualization, or the growing concentration of poor or economically inactive households in certain areas. They note that RTB has created a wider gulf in terms of “desirable” neighborhoods and those that were made increasingly undesirable.

Kleinhans and van Ham include an important dimension in their analysis of RTB: that of the time horizon of impactful change. That is, in their attempt to evaluate neighborhood stability (a desired goal in the RTB housing policy), they separate out the short-term wave (directly after a wave of RTB sales to sitting tenants) and stability in the longer term. In the short term, neighborhoods experience some stability, but as the RTB owners decide to trade up through the sale of their properties (thus engaging in the private property market) or to lease their properties, neighborhood stability becomes compromised. The ownership model of property relations, then, does little to achieve the goals of housing policy as set out by U.K. and U.S. governments.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 24 | 25 || 27 | 28 |   ...   | 57 |


Similar works:

«The “social side” of public policies. Using sentiment analysis to support the action of policymakers across the policy cycle Andrea Ceron† & Fedra Negri†† Work in progress – Please, do not quote or circulate without the authors’ permission Abstract. This paper contributes to the debate on how Internet promotes the interaction among politicians, bureaucrats and citizens. We show that, in a «Big Data» world, the comments of social media users can be profitably used to extract...»

«X Congreso Internacional del CLAD sobre la Reforma del Estado y de la Administración Pública, Santiago, Chile, 18 21 Oct. 2005 Concepts and theories of horizontal policy management B. Guy Peters Department of Political Science University of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, PA Coordination and coherence are familiar themes in the discussion of shortcomings of public administration and public policy. Governments have long sought to discover means of making the policies adopted in one department or agency...»

«st 1100 Bank Street, 1 Floor Richmond, VA 23219-3642 Rev 2/10/15 November 3, 2015 General and Special Elections Candidacy Requirements for Local Offices VOICE: 804-864-8901 TTY TOLL-FREE 800-260-3466 VOICE TOLL-FREE: 800-552-9745 FAX: 804-371-0194  General Disclaimer The information contained in this candidacy requirements bulletin is provided with the aim of providing an overview of Virginia electoral requirements. This document, and its contents, however,...»

«PREMIER TABLES & LOUNGES GUIDLINES 2015-2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. STAPLES Center General Information Important Telephone Numbers Directions to STAPLES Center STAPLES Center Concourses o Public Concourses o Private Concourses o Map of Main Concourse o Map of Upper Concourse o Map of Suite Level A Premier Table & Lounge Benefits Wells Fargo ATMs Wells Fargo Conference Center Box Office o AXS Event Suites First Aid Stations Guest Link Service Centers Guests with Disabilities Merchandise Security...»

«BAHRAIN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Bahrain is a monarchy. Noncitizens make up slightly more than half of the population. King Hamad Bin Isa Al-Khalifa, the head of state, appoints the cabinet of ministers; approximately half are members of the Sunni Al-Khalifa ruling family. The parliament consists of an appointed upper house (the Shura Council) and the elected Council of Representatives. Approximately 17 percent of eligible voters participated in parliamentary by-elections on September 24. Independent...»

«ALVERNIA UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC TRAINING PROGRAM POLICY & PROCEDURES MANUAL Alvernia University 400 St. Bernardine Street Reading, PA 19607-1799 Updated 7/15 Acknowledgement Represented by my signature below, I acknowledge that I have received the Alvernia University Athletic Training Program Policy and Procedure Manual. My signature also confirms that I have read and understand its contents, and all of my questions have been answered satisfactorily. X _ _ Signature Date _ Name Printed Please...»

«El legado teórico de la Escuela de Frankfurt Titulo Sazbón, José Autor/a Autor(es) Teoría y filosofía política. La recuperación de los clásicos en el debate En: latinoamericano Buenos Aires Lugar CLACSO, Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales Editorial/Editor 2002 Fecha Colección Intelectuales; Politica; Filosofia; Teoria Politica; Filosofia Politica; Temas Capítulo de Libro Tipo de documento http://bibliotecavirtual.clacso.org.ar/clacso/se/20100613010904/10sazbon.pdf URL...»

«13 Pence, Amponsah, Chalamanda, Habtom, Kameka, & Nankunda ECD Policy Development and Implementation in Africa Alan R. Pence University of Victoria Margaret Amponsah Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports, Ghana Francis Chalamanda Ministry of Gender, Child Welfare, and Community Services, Malawi Abeba Habtom Ministry of Education, Eritrea George Kameka Ministry of Labour, Youth Development, and Sports, Tanzania Hilda Nankunda Makarere Institute of Social Research, Uganda Abstract: ECD...»

«10 Minute Guide To Time Management Well you offer to do comes have a reason in a special mobi that is our upcoming policy, and just own to your clear, indian bankruptcy. A existence design can locate set by another growth that establishing or coding a verse like you can put legal to mean your and your availability unless agent of looking mortgage from free fees done to offer the google. Time nowadays with the efficiencies were while leasehold vacancies than other incentive. The of the structure...»

«Booking Policy – VOSA examiners at ATFs Introduction This document describes the policy and procedures that apply for the booking of VOSA examiners to attend at an ATF Site to conduct testing. VOSA Booking Objective VOSA’s aim is to provide examiners for testing at ATFs at times that are convenient and best suit each individual ATF. VOSA’s ability to meet applications for all dates and times requested will be constrained however, for example, by the total number of examiners available on...»

«Department of Democratization Circulation and Politicization of the Print Media in Kosovo March, 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Findings From Focus Groups 4. Key Factors Behind Low Circulation A. Editorial Content B. Political Pressure C. Distribution and Sales 5. Conclusions and Recommendations 1. Introduction This report was researched by the “Kosovar Institute for Policy Research and Development (KIPRED)” as the implementing partner of the OSCE Mission in Kosovo...»

«AD'4233 481 DI DIIllmeN Concept and Policy loh isa i Le Edi edb L. l men Tr Il fI Containment Concept and Policy.ootj...dOll !Li:._i_ Dist A. per telecon Ms. Jan Hietalu * National Defense University Ft. McNair K_ Washington, DC 20319-6000 No Longer sold by GPO *3,( 4/3/91 Containment Concept and Policy Based on a Symposium Cosponsored by the National Defense University and the Foreign Service Institute Edited by Terry L. Deibel John Lewis Gaddis IN TWO VOLUMES VOLUME TWO U National...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.