FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 || 7 | 8 |   ...   | 38 |

«Contesting the streets Volume 18, number 1 • 2016 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Office of Policy Development and Research ...»

-- [ Page 6 ] --

Ehrenfeucht, Renia, and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris. 2007. “Constructing the Sidewalks: Municipal Government and the Production of Public Space in Los Angeles, California, 1880–1920,” Journal of Historical Geography 33 (1): 104–124.

Esparza, Nicole, Edward T. Walker, and Gabriel Rossman. 2014. “Trade Associations and the Legitimation of Entrepreneurial Movements: Collective Action in the Emerging Gourmet Food Truck Industry,” Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 43 (2 suppl): 143S–162S.

FoodTrucksIn.com. n.d. “National List of Food Truck Cities.” https://www.foodtrucksin.com/ national-list-of-food-truck-cities.

Gehl, Jan. 2011. Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Goffman, Erving. 1971. Relations in Public: Microstudies of the Public Order. New York: Basic Books.

Gowins, Hilary. 2014. “Three Cities Show How Food Trucks Live and Die on Political Whim,” Huffington Post, July 26. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/hilary-gowins/three-cities-show-how-foodtrucks_b_5621679.html.

Helbing, Dirk, Péter Molnár, Illés J. Farkas, and Kai Bolay. 2001. Self-Organizing Pedestrian Movement,” Environment and Planning B, Planning & Design 28 (3): 361–384. DOI: 10.1068/b2697.

Hess, David J. 2009. Localist Movements in a Global Economy: Sustainability, Justice, and Urban Development in the United States. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Hsu, Tiffany. 2014. “More Angelenos Are Becoming Street Vendors Amid Weak Economy,” The Los Angeles Times, September 6. http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-street-vendors-20140907-story.


Huang, Gengzhi, Desheng Xue, and Zhigang Li. 2014. “From Revanchism to Ambivalence: The Changing Politics of Street Vending in Guangzhou,” Antipode 46 (1): 170–189. DOI: 10.1111/anti.12031.

–  –  –

Huffington Post. 2011. “Chicago Food Trucks: Alderman Tunney, Restaurant Owner, Throwing Up Road Blocks,” Huffington Post, June 17. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/17/chicago-foodtrucks-alder_n_879064.html.

Intuit. 2012. “Food Trucks Motor Into the Mainstream.” http://network.intuit.com/wp-content/ uploads/2012/12/Intuit-Food-Trucks-Report.pdf.

Jurjevich, Jason, and Greg Schrock. 2012. “Is Portland Really the Place Where Young People Go To Retire? Migration Patterns of Portland’s Young and College-Educated, 1980–2010.” Portland State University, Metropolitan Knowledge Network. http://archives.pdx.edu/ds/psu/10501.

Kettles, Gregg. 2014. “Crystals, Mud, and Space: Street Vending Informality.” In The Informal American City: Beyond Taco Trucks and Day Labor, edited by Vinit Mukhija and Anastasia LoukaitouSideris. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press: 227–242.

———. 2007. “Legal Responses to Sidewalk Vending: The Case of Los Angeles, California.” In Street Entrepreneurs: People, Place and Politics in Local and Global Perspective, edited by John Cross and Alfonso Morales. London, United Kingdom: Routledge: 58–78.

———. 2006. “Formal Versus Informal Allocation of Land in a Commons: The Case of the MacArthur Park Sidewalk Vendors,” Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal 16 (1): 49–96.

Kim, Annette M. 2012. “The Mixed-Use Sidewalk,” Journal of the American Planning Association 78 (3): 225–238. DOI: 10.1080/01944363.2012.715504.

Lang, Marissa. 2012. “Bricks and Mortar vs. Wheels and Steel?” Tampa Bay Times, January 14, 1B.

Last, T.S. 2015. “Santa Fe Loosens Rules for Mobile Vendors, but Food Fight Breaking Out Over Plaza Spaces,” Albuquerque Journal, May 22. http://www.abqjournal.com/588576/news/santa-feloosens-rules-for-mobile-vendors-but-foodfight-breaking-out-over-plaza-spaces.html.

Lofland, Lyn H. 1998. The Public Realm: Exploring the City’s Quintessential Social Territory. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia, Evelyn Blumenberg, and Renia Ehrenfeucht. 2004. “Sidewalk Democracy: Municipalities and the Regulation of Public Space.” In Regulating Place: Standards and the Shaping of Urban America, edited by Eran Ben-Joseph and Terry S. Szold. London, United Kingdom: Routledge: 141–166.

Loukaitou-Sideris, Anastasia, and Renia Ehrenfeucht. 2014. “‘This Is My Front Yard!’ Claims and Informal Property Rights on Sidewalks.” In The Informal American City: Beyond Taco Trucks and Day

Labor, edited by Vinit Mukhija and Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press:


———. 2009. Sidewalks: Conflict and Negotiation Over Public Space. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Martin, Nina. 2014. “Food Fight! Immigrant Street Vendors, Gourmet Food Trucks and the Differential Valuation of Creative Producers in Chicago,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 38 (5): 1867–1883. DOI: 10.1111/1468-2427.12169.

–  –  –

McCay, Dan. 2015. “Proposal Would Restrict Parking for Food Trucks,” Albuquerque Journal, January 8. http://www.abqjournal.com/523113/news/unfair-competition-abq-debates-food-truckrestrictions.html.

Meneses-Reyes, Rodrigo, and José Caballero-Juárez. 2014. “The Right To Work on the

Street: Public Space and Constitutional Rights,” Planning Theory 13 (4): 370–386. DOI:


Morales, Alfonso. 2010. “Planning and the Self-Organization of Marketplaces,” Journal of Planning Education and Research 30 (2): 182–197. DOI: 10.1177/0739456X10385561.

———. 2000. “Peddling Policy: Street Vending in Historical and Contemporary Context,” The International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 20 (3/4): 76–98. DOI: 10.1108/01443330010789133.

Morales, Alfonso, Stephen Balkin, and Joseph Persky. 1995. “The Value of Benefits of a Public Street Market: The Case of Maxwell Street,” Economic Development Quarterly 9 (4): 304–320.

Morales, Alfonso, and Gregg Kettles. 2009a. Healthy Food Outside: Farmers’ Markets, Taco Trucks, and Sidewalk Fruit Vendors,” The Journal of Contemporary Health Law and Policy 26 (1): 20–48.

———. 2009b. “Zoning for Public Markets,” Zoning Practice 26 (2): 1–8.

Myint, Anthony, and Karen Leibowitz. 2011. Mission Street Food: Recipes and Ideas From an Improbable Restaurant. San Francisco: McSweeney’s.

New York City. n.d. “NYC Green Carts.” http://www.nyc.gov/html/doh/html/living/greencarts.


Newman, Lenore L., and Katherine Burnett. 2013. “Street Food and Vibrant Urban Spaces: Lessons From Portland, Oregon,” Local Environment 18 (2): 233–248. DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2012.729572.

Novak, William J. 1996. The People’s Welfare: Law and Regulation in Nineteenth-Century America.

Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Peck, Jamie, and Nik Theodore. 2001. “Contingent Chicago: Restructuring the Spaces of

Temporary Labor,” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 25 (3): 471–496. DOI:


Raijman, Rebeca. 2001. “Mexican Immigrants and Informal Self-Employment in Chicago,” Human Organization 60 (1): 47–55.

Reyes, Emily A. 2015. “L.A. Lawmakers Vote To Reinstate Ban on Park and Beach Vending,” Los Angeles Times, June 16. http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-park-street-vendingstory.html.

Scobey, David M. 2002. Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Shouse, Heather. 2011. Food Trucks: Dispatches and Recipes From the Best Kitchens on Wheels. New York: Ten Speed Press.

–  –  –

Slocum, Rachel. 2007. “Whiteness, Space and Alternative Food Practice,” Geoforum 38 (3):


Stevens, Quintin. 2007. The Ludic City: Exploring the Potential of Public Spaces. London, United Kingdom: Routledge.

Stoller, Paul. 2002. Money Has No Smell: The Africanization of New York City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

———. 1996. “Spaces, Places and Fields: The Politics of West African Trading in New York City’s Informal Economy,” American Anthropologist 98 (4): 776–788.

Street Vendor Project, The. n.d. Home page. http://streetvendor.org/.

Theodore, Nik. 2003. “Political Economies of Day Labour: Regulation and Restructuring of Chicago’s Contingent Labour Markets,” Urban Studies 40 (9): 1811–1828. DOI: 10.1080/0042098032000106618.

Tomicki, Hadley. 2010. “Loncheros Feel Heat From Food Truck Battle,” Grub Street, June 22. http:// www.grubstreet.com/2010/06/loncheros_feel_heat_from_food.html.

Transportation Research Board (TRB). 2010. Highway Capacity Manual. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies.

Urban Vitality Group. 2008. “Food Cartology: Rethinking Urban Spaces as People Places.” https:// www.portlandoregon.gov/bps/article/200738.

Uzzell, J. Douglas. 1980. “Mixed Strategies and the Informal Sector: Three Faces of Reverse Labor,” Human Organization 39 (1): 40–49.

Valenzuela, Jr., Abel. 2003. “Day Labor Work,” Annual Review of Sociology 29 (1): 307–333. DOI:


———. 2001. “Day Labourers as Entrepreneurs?” Journal of Ethnic & Migration Studies 27 (2):

335–352. DOI: 10.1080/13691830020041642.

Venkatesh, Sudhir A. 2006. Off the Books: The Underground Economy of the Urban Poor. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Vitale, Alex S. 2008. City of Disorder: How the Quality of Life Campaign Transformed New York Politics.

New York: New York University Press.

Wessel, Ginette. 2012. “From Place to Nonplace: A Case Study of Social Media and Contemporary Food Trucks,” Journal of Urban Design 17 (4): 511–531. DOI: 10.1080/13574809.2012.706362.

Whyte, William H. 1988. City: Rediscovering the Center. New York: Doubleday.

Zukin, Sharon. 2010. Naked City: The Death and Life of Authentic Urban Places. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

26 Contesting the Streets Informal Trade Meets Informal Governance: Street Vendors and Legal Reform in India, South Africa, and Peru Sally Roever Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing Abstract Street vendors conventionally are understood as operating outside of state regulatory frameworks. Recent research, however, has emphasized the role of the state in constructing vendors’ informal status and has documented local government practices that take advantage of an ambiguous legal environment for vendors. These practices include low-level harassment, merchandise confiscations, and arbitrary evictions. This article examines the regulatory spaces through which local government officials have developed these informal practices and documents the extent to which street vendors and market traders experience them in five cities: Accra, Ghana; Ahmedabad, India; Durban, South Africa; Lima, Peru;

and Nakuru, Kenya. The article then identifies three components of legal reform used in Ahmedabad, Durban, and Lima to counter those practices: (1) establishing limits on municipal power, (2) linking street vending to poverty alleviation, and (3) establishing channels for street vendors’ representation. The findings suggest ways in which cities can more effectively balance the right to livelihood with the need to govern public space.

Introduction In the wake of the 2008 global financial crisis, governments and donor agencies increasingly are recognizing the need to rethink employment as a central component of economic recovery and long-term development. A significant shift within that renewed focus is the recognition of informal livelihoods as a form of employment that is here to stay. The World Bank, for instance, has declared that “a global agenda for jobs is needed” (The World Bank, 2013: 38) and echoed the OECD’s recent conclusion that informal is normal (OECD, 2009). Official statistics indicate that Cityscape 27 Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research • Volume 18, Number 1 • 2016 U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development • Office of Policy Development and Research Roever informal employment accounts for much more than one-half of total nonagricultural employment in most developing regions—as much as 82 percent in South Asia and 66 percent in sub-Saharan Africa (ILO and WIEGO, 2013)—and one-half or more of informal workers in most regions are self-employed (Vanek et al., 2014).

The shift in focus toward informal self-employment is especially significant for the urban development agenda. Renewed calls for sustainable and participatory approaches to urban development (for example, UN-Habitat, 2013) require the collective engagement of those who work informally, because they form the majority of workers in many cities (Herrera et al., 2012) but tend to lack representative voice in decisionmaking (Brown and Lyons, 2010; Horn, 2015; Kabeer, 2015).

Among the informally self-employed, street vendors comprise as much as 15 percent of total urban employment and 25 percent of total urban informal employment in low-income countries and between 2 and 11 percent of urban informal employment in middle-income countries (Herrera et al., 2012; ILO and WIEGO, 2013)—a substantial and visible part of many urban workforces.

Street trade has long attracted both policy attention and research interest (Bromley, 2000). Recent scholarship is increasingly focused on the interplay between street vendors and local governments and, in particular, the ways in which the state ascribes and constructs informal status on street vendors and the ways in which it does so through a lens of neoliberal entrepreneurial governance (Crossa, 2009; Devlin, 2011; Donovan, 2008; Morange, 2015; Oz and Eder, 2012; Steel, Ujoranyi, and Owusu, 2014; Xue and Huang, 2015). A common theme within this emerging literature is its exploration of governance practices, undertaken on the part of state actors, that likewise could be considered informal.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 4 | 5 || 7 | 8 |   ...   | 38 |

Similar works:

«golby + luck landscape architects Green Pits Lane, Nunney Landscape & Visual Appraisal Client: Barratt Homes Bristol Date: January 2014 Ref: GL0159 Tel: 01530 265688 Web: www.golbyandluck.co.uk Email: info@golbyandluck.co.uk R eg i s te red O f fi ce: 20 7 L ei ce s te r Road, I bs toc k, Le ic es ter sh i re, LE67 6 HP Gol by and Luc k LLP (Par tnership No. OC3823 74) Re gistered in E ngl and and Wal es Green Pits Lane, Nunney Landscape & Visual Appraisal Client: Barratt Homes Bristol...»

«POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF A ‘SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS APPROACH’ TO MANAGEMENT AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT FOR EUROPEAN INSHORE FISHERIES EDWARD H. ALLISON E.Allison@uea.ac.uk School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ Tel +44 1603 593724 Fax +44 1603 451999 Abstract The ‘Sustainable Livelihoods Approach’ (SLA) has been widely applied to inform the design of policy and development interventions aimed at reducing poverty in less developed countries. This paper...»

«POLICY MAKING MODELS AND THEIR ROLE IN POLICY EDUCATION Alan J. Hahn Cornell University The purposes of this paper are to (1) review commonly used models of policy making and discuss their applications in policy education and (2) summarize recent developments in research and theory and speculate about their implications for policy education. Commonly Used Models The following models are those covered in standard textbooks on public policy (e.g., Anderson; Dye). Institutionalism. This is the...»

«Multiple Engagements and Network Bridging in Contentious Politics: Digital Media Use of Protest Participants ABSTRACT Based on three series of protest surveys across nations, issues, and time, the study examines to what extent the use of digital media permits activists to sustain multiple engagements in different protest events and different movement organizations. We find that digital media use stimulates multiple activism. Through Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), activists...»

«Policy: Curriculum As a school providing EYFS education for pupils the contents of this policy should be considered in this context. The curriculum at Brighton and Hove High School aims to give pupils a broad education to show them that learning is an enjoyable, challenging, rewarding and confidence building experience. The core subjects of English and mathematics are taught from years 7 to 11 and all pupils take GCSE examinations in these subjects. ICT / Computing is currently taught from...»

«IMPORTANT: This policy memo has been partially or fully superseded by the USCIS Policy Manual. Please visit www.uscis.gov/policymanual for effective policy. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Office of the Director (MS 2000) Washington, DC 20529-2000 November 15, 2013 PM-602-0091 Policy Memorandum SUBJECT: Parole of Spouses, Children and Parents of Active Duty Members of the U.S. Armed Forces, the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve, and Former Members of the U.S. Armed Forces or...»

«Technical Report 2010 049 Soil biodiversity: functions, threats and tools for policy makers February 2010 Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union New freephone number: A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet. It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://ec.europa.eu). ISBN : 978-92-79-20668-9 doi : 10.2779/14571 © European Communities, 2010 Reproduction is authorised provided the...»

«2011 Child Protection Policy Procedures Manual Last Revised Rugby Ontario 4/14/2011 RUGBY ONTARIO – CHILD PROTECTION POLICY PROCEDURES MANUAL Table of Contents Introduction Pg 3 Section #1 – Recruitment and Selection of Persons Working or Pg 6 Volunteering With Children in Rugby Section #2 – What Are We Protecting Children Against? Pg 8 Section #3 – Responding to Concerns Pg 17 Section #4 – Conduct and Behaviour Pg 24 Section #5 – Glossary of Terms Pg 39 Section #6 – Frequently...»

«bs_bs_banner The Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 41, No. 4, 2013 A Two-Tiered Method for Identifying Trends in Media Framing of Policy Issues: The Case of the War on Terror Amber E. Boydstun and Rebecca A. Glazier Research on media framing of policy issues has flourished. Yet the varied approaches to conceptualizing and operationalizing issue frames that make this literature rich also hinder its advancement. Here, we document the benefits of a two-tiered method: the first level accounts for...»

«U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Office of the Director (MS 2000) Washington, DC 20529-2000 June 25, 2015 PM-602-0117 Policy Memorandum SUBJECT: Updated Implementation of the Special Immigrant Juvenile Perez-Olano Settlement Agreement Purpose The purpose of this policy memorandum (PM) is to update the guidance previously provided to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) personnel in PM-602-0034: Implementation of the Special Immigrant Juvenile Perez-Olano Settlement...»

«Information Technology Services Information Security Procedure Effective Date: January 29, 2013 Reviewed Dates: 07/11/2013, 08/02/2013 Active Directory (AD) Access & Control Procedures: User Accounts (Life Cycle Management of UNMC Domain AD User Accounts) Basis for Procedure UNMC Policy/Procedure Link 6051 Computer Use and Electronic Information Security Policy 1. Purpose The purpose for the Active Directory Access and Control procedure is to delineate administrative boundaries for work being...»

«SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION: RECENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA The development of science, technology and innovation policy in South Africa has generally followed a similar path to that of most OECD countries in terms of a “National System of Innovation” (NSI) approach. However it must be noted that South Africa’s first democratic government only came into power in the mid-1990’s and the policy development phase ran through much of the 1996, 1997 years. The years...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.