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– The pilots will investigate the aspects of mobile networks that impact mobile services (such as intermittent availability and properties, variations over time in quality and speed of network connections) and how a basic rethinking of the way in which cloud services are delivered could address such negative impacts. It will also take into account the current fragmentation in mobile device platforms and try to implement solutions that advance towards the "develop once, execute anywhere approach" where the same cloud service could be used on any device. Openness and interoperability across platforms (both cloud platforms and mobile platforms) are important aspects to consider.

– Each pilot will comprise:

An existing cloud platform for business applications on which mobile cloud – applications can be developed and deployed. The platform itself has to be already available and the pilot will only cover minor updates to the platform necessary for the deployment of mobile cloud applications. The development of a cloud platform is beyond the scope of this initiative.

4 to 8 complementary experiments covering the mobile cloud challenges mentioned – above. The mobile cloud experiments are to have been developed by organisations different from the cloud platform provider. The experiments proposed for the platform are to be based on applications or services that already exist in some form.

Development 'from the ground up' of new applications or services is not within the scope of this pilot.

CIP ICT PSP work programme 2012

Each experiment shall deliver innovative services giving seamless access to cloud – based services through mobile devices. Each experiment shall develop a standalone business application and, hence, involve the necessary stakeholders in the value chain. Complex business scenarios involving the use of different cooperating "apps" will be investigated, with all their implications on data security, application manageability and support.

– Integral parts of the proposed work include:

Identification of best practices, guidelines and methodologies and tools for – the development of mobile cloud business applications that can be reused by third parties, Development of a comprehensive exploitation plan, – Undertaking effective dissemination and communication activities, serving – the developers' ecosystem.

– The pilots should include specific and realistic quantitative indicators to monitor progress at all stages during the pilot.

Expected impact Stimulating the provision of new mobile services in the cloud, with lower barriers for – developing and using value-added mobile services for business applications.

Clarifying and quantifying the enhanced network and terminal requirements for – supporting mobile cloud services.

Providing customers and employees with tools, methodologies and best practices for – mobile cloud business applications.

Supporting the emergence of a European ecosystem of mobile cloud application – developers, providing significant business opportunities to SMEs.

Objective 5.3: Contribution of satellite systems to 100% EU broadband coverage Funding instruments: Thematic Network - It is intended to support one Thematic Network for 1 M€ EU contribution Focus and outcomes Satellite Communication represents a possible solution to provide broadband coverage to regions of Europe that have no prospect of being served with terrestrial solutions on a pure commercial basis.

The objective is to bring together national or regional authorities that have used satellite solutions for broadband access, and analyse their experience in order to: develop guidelines for deployment, share best practices and disseminate information to regions across Europe in need. The outcome should identify the possible use of regional funds in relation to demand aggregation schemes and assistance, and propose plausible adaptations in call specifications to then better include satellite communication solutions.

The network shall ensure that a common, easy to access, information repository is established, which can offer access to relevant information about cost benefit analysis of broadband access by satellite.

CIP ICT PSP work programme 2012

Conditions and characteristics

The network should:

Build on key national or regional deployment experiences in satellite broadband (e.g.

– initiatives in F and IRL39). It should also include experiences gathered by entities like ESA in similar contexts and leverage industrial know how.

Address use of public and private investments in innovative supporting schemes like – demand aggregation.

Analyse the non technological roadblocks towards satellite communication deployment – and provide recommended solutions.

Analyse satellite broadband deployment initiatives in other regions of the world with a – view to support cost benefit analysis (e.g. US, Australia, Canada).

Identify satellite offers and technical capabilities, business models, and deployment – models taking into account various subsidies scenarios (regions with market failure assumption).

Organise workshops with regional/national stakeholders in order to raise awareness.

– Expected impact Provision of a common approach towards large scale deployment of satellite solution – supporting the objective of 100% EU broadband coverage.

Making available methodologies and tools to efficiently deploy satellite solutions in – interested regions.

39 Ref: http://www.francenumerique2012.fr/, http://www.dcenr.gov.ie/Communications/Communications+Development/National+Broadband+Scheme.htm

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The different nature and specificities of the objectives detailed in section 3 require distinctive implementation measures. Each of these objectives will therefore be achieved

through the implementation of one of the following types of instruments:

– Pilot (Type A) - building on initiatives in Member States or associated countries;

– Pilot (Type B) - stimulating the uptake of innovative ICT based services and products and exploitation of digital content;

– Thematic Networks (TN) - providing a forum for stakeholders for experience exchange and consensus building;

– Best Practice Network (BPN) - exclusively for the theme on "digital libraries" to support sharing of best practices in this field.

The description and generic characteristics of each of the instruments is provided below, whereas Section 3 describes in detail the objectives that are subject to call for proposals in 2011 and which instrument(s) have to be used to achieve them.

Proposals must therefore carefully address the "focus and outcomes", the "condition and characteristics", as well as its contribution to the "expected impact" under each objective described in section 3. All these are reflected in the criteria and sub-criteria that will be used in the evaluation of proposals40. For all the types of instruments it is important that the applicants include sufficient resources in their project planning for the communication of results of their work as widely as possible, for the engagement with potential adopters in the form of workshops and seminars.. It is also important that the consortia demonstrate commitment to sharing experiences and good practices, which is considered essential for achieving full impact through wider deployment and use.

For all the types of instruments, the Union funding is granted in accordance with the principles of co-financing and non-profit for the funded activities of each individual partner and in compliance with the European Union Framework for State Aid for Research and Development and Innovation41. Union grants shall be calculated on the basis of eligible costs. A detailed description on eligible costs for each of the instruments can be found in the model grant agreement.

4.1.1. Pilot (Type A) - building on initiatives in Member or associated countries Instrument description 40 See section 4.3.3 Evaluation criteria 41 OJ C 323, 30.12.2006, p. 1

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This type of pilot focuses on implementing and demonstrating interoperability42 by creating service operations between cooperating Member States and associated countries in the context of agreed policy priorities.

Services should be already operational at national, regional or local level in the Member States or associated countries participating in the operation of the proposed pilot.

Alternatively the services should be in advanced phase of national/regional testing. The main outcome of this type of pilot is the implementation of an open, common interoperable service solution based on an initial common specification agreed amongst participants in the pilot. During the course of the pilot it is expected that the initial common specification will be further developed and gain a wider agreement in view of eventual scalability.

The “Common specifications”, the periodic progress statements and a final assessment of the pilot operation should all be made available in the public domain.

Type A pilot projects are expected to demonstrate service interoperability across the Member-States or Associated Countries participating in the pilot and to achieve a sufficient critical mass to realise significant and meaningful impact. The evaluation of proposals will make an assessment in terms of impact at EU level and give priority in terms of funding to those having the highest potential.

The participants should anticipate the eventual scalability of the proposed service with a view to wider EU deployment and include the necessary resources to enable proactive work in this respect. In particular, participants should prepare to sustain and scale the services beyond the scope and duration of the proposed pilot.

Unless specified otherwise in the chapter 3, the typical duration of the pilot is expected to be up to 36 months within which there should be a 12 month operational phase. An operational phase is defined as the situation in which the interoperable services and technologies are functioning in a real-life setting. Consortium Composition It is essential that the relevant administrations having competence and expertise on the subject are involved in the definition and execution of the pilot projects and in the development of the common specifications. The consortium should also comprise all necessary stakeholders in the value-chain (e.g. service and content providers, industries including SME's, end-user representatives, etc). The organisation proposed to manage the project should be able to demonstrate competence and experience of managing large-scale international cooperation projects. Minimum participation requirements The consortia must be comprised by a minimum of six relevant national administrations or a legal entity designated to act on their behalf from six different EU Member States or associated countries.

If a national administration is represented in the consortium by a designated legal entity, then the national administration will need to certify that the legal entity has been designated to act on its behalf for the purpose of the pilot43.

42 See COM(2010) 744 "Towards interoperability for European public services" http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:0744:FIN:EN:PDF 43 A template is provided in the Guide for Applicants

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The minimum requirement stated above is an eligibility criterion, hence proposals not meeting this criterion will not be accepted for evaluation44.

Given the nature and purposes of Pilots Type A, consortia should be ideally composed by an indicative number of six –the minimum legal requirement- to ten Member States or associated countries. However there is no upper legal limit for the number of participants and Member States or associated countries as long as the indicative budget provisions are respected45. Extensibility of the consortium during implementation Proposals for Pilots Type A may foresee an extension of the partnership during the course of execution. The need for this extension is for specific tasks, needs to be duly justified and resources for such purpose should typically not exceed 10% to 15% of the total budget of the pilot. The budget required for such an extension should be foreseen at the proposal stage and allocated to the co-ordinator.

Mechanisms such as steering and/or monitoring groups could be put in place involving, in addition to the participating States and organisations, other States, industry and relevant stake holders in view of developing consensus and harmonising and agreeing on common specifications. Funding for Pilots type A It is expected that the work will be implemented in the broader context of significant investments in national or regional services. Union funding for Type A pilots will be up to 50% of those costs exclusively related to work needed to achieve the proposed interoperability goal. The Union contribution for this type of pilot will typically range from 5 to 10 M€ per pilot unless specified otherwise within the objectives of the Work programme.

Eligible direct costs for Pilot A include personnel, subcontracting, and other specific direct costs exclusively related to interoperability carried out in the context of existing national initiatives.

Indirect costs are eligible in accordance with the provisions in the model grant agreement.

Indirect costs are calculated as a flat rate of 30% of personnel costs46.

Other specific direct costs and subcontracting will be possible when it is anticipated and clearly justified in the proposal. For public entities the applicable public procurement rules and practices are to be respected.

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