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«Prepared by: Kamara Jeffrey United Way Project Staff: Diane Dyson Kathy Gallagher-Ross Michelle Smith Ming-Young Tam Peter Alexander United Way ...»

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5.Achieving economic well-being

Every Child Matters:

Every Child Matters is guided by the principle that local reform of programs and services will be stronger if set within a supportive national framework. The Every Child Matters framework aims to set out the national framework for the needs of children and young people.

Youth Matters:

Based on the principles of Every Child Matters, Youth Matters is an extensive government consultation paper that proposes a strategy for delivering a radical reshaping of services for all teenagers while providing more intensive support for those who need it. Youth Matters builds on previous local and national partnerships in a number of areas - their focus on reducing the number of young people not in education, employment or training, advocacy and support for young people, and on giving young people a prominent role in shaping and delivering services.

State of Victoria, Australia (Office for Youth) Respect: The Government s Vision for Young People This population-based policy framework (for youth 12-25) was developed in order to provide strategic direction for state-level policy and program delivery in relation to young people. Under

this framework, the four broad outcomes related to youth are:

1) Involvement (Promoting youth engagement)

2) Learning and Working (Satisfying Outcomes in education, training, and employment)

3) Support (Providing Services that increase youth safety, health and well-being)

4) Celebrate (Recognizing and celebrating youth culture) The framework promotes considerable horizontal coordination and includes seven government departments and agencies at the state-level.

–  –  –

Federal-Provincial Early Childhood Development Agreement In May 1999, the federal, provincial, and territorial governments of Canada signed an agreement to move towards the implementation of a National Children s Agenda, the Canadian government s national strategy for children 6-12. In September 2000 the federal government announced $2.2 billion towards the federal, provincial, and territorial Early Childhood Development (ECD) Agreement. As part of the Agreement, a commitment was made by governments to report publicly on their progress in improving the health and well-being of young children. Reporting ensures that all three levels of government are accountable to the public for their early childhood development programs and services, although provincial and territorial governments have the primary responsibility for managing and delivering early childhood development programs and services. The National Children s Alliance, a broad-based coalition dedicated to enhancing the well-being of children and youth in Canada, developed a government relations strategy that played a key role in getting children s issues on the national agenda.

Canada-Ontario Immigration Agreement

On November 21, 2005, the governments of Ontario and Canada signed the first Canada-Ontario Immigration Agreement. This agreement involves a direct federal investment of $920 million in new immigration funding to help newcomers successfully integrate into Ontario communities and achieve their full potential. The formal document outlines how the governments of Canada and Ontario will work jointly to set priorities and establish a common approach to the delivery of settlement services and language training that is comprehensive and on a continuum with other services. The agreement is focused on the areas of: Settlement and Language Training, Partnership with Municipalities, Provincial Nominee Program, Temporary Foreign Workers Agreement, and the Ontario Immigration Web Portal.

Ontario Best Start Plan

Best Start is the Government of Ontario s population-based strategy to help better support children (from the prenatal period through to age 6) so that they arrive at school ready to achieve success in Grade One. Priorities under Best Start include more affordable and accessible child care, quality child care and early learning programs, investments in early healthy child development, and supports for families with young children. The Best Start Strategy was based on the 1999 Early Years Study, commissioned by the Government of Ontario. The Early Years Study concluded that poor outcomes for children can be linked to early brain development and that parents, communities, the voluntary sector, professionals working with children, the private sector and all levels of government must work together to improve outcomes for children. Best Start therefore presents opportunities to promote healthy child development from a population perspective, and the reduction of risk in the early years of a child s life.

–  –  –

1. Alberta Human Resources and Employment and Alberta Learning (2002). Alberta Youth Employment Strategy. Edmonton.


2. Barry, M. (2005). Youth Policy and Social Inclusion: Critical Debates with Young People.

London: Routledge.

3. British Columbia Ministry for Children and Families (2000). Youth Policy Framework.



4. British Columbia Ministry for Children and Families (2000). Guidelines for Provision of Youth Services. Victoria.


5. Bynner, J. (2005). Rethinking the Youth Phase of the Life-course: The Case for Emerging Adulthood? Journal of Youth Studies Vol 8 No 4, 367-384.

6. Campaign 2000 (2006), Oh Canada! Too Many Children in Poverty for too Long: 2006 Report Card on Child Poverty in Canada. Toronto.

7. City of Toronto Policy and Finance Committee (2006). Toronto Youth Strategy Report 1, Clause 21a

8. Coles, B. (2002). Joined-Up Youth Research, Policy and Practice: a new agenda for change? Leicester: Barnardos and Youth Work Press.

9. Coles, B (2006) What now for Youth Policy? Young People Now, Jan 2006.

10. Colley, H., P. Boetzelen, B. Hoskins, and T. Parveva (eds.) (2007). Social inclusion for young people: breaking down the barriers Council of Europe Publishing.

11. Commonwealth Youth Program (1990). Approaching Youth Policy. London: CYP.

12. Curtis, K. ND. The Impact of Welfare State Restructuring on the Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector in Canada and the US: Summary of Findings Center for Community Research & Service, School of Urban Affairs & Public Policy Newark: University of Delaware.


13. Department for Education and Skills (2003). Every Child Matters, London: The Stationery Office.

14. Department for Education and Skills (2005). Youth Matters, London: The Stationery Office.

15. Department of Justice Canada, Youth Justice Renewal http://www.justice.gc.ca/en/ps/yj/index.html

16. Forum for Youth Investment (2005). The Ready By 21 Challenge: Helping Young People Be Ready by 21 Washington DC: Impact StrategiesInc.

17. Government of Quebec (2001). Quebec Youth Policy: Bringing Youth into Quebec s Mainstream. Quebec: Secrétariat à la Jeunesse.

18. Government of Quebec, 2005. Quebec Youth Action Strategy 2005-2009. Quebec:

Secrétariat à la Jeunesse.

19. Hutchison, ED and LW Charlesworth (2000). Securing the Welfare of Children: Policies Past, Present and Future, Families in Society 81(6): 576 85.

20. Kidder, K. and D. Rogers (2004). Why Canada Needs a National Youth Policy Agenda.

Ottawa: National Children s Alliance.


21. Lowndes, V. and C. Skelcher (1998). The Dynamics of Multi-organizational Partnerships: an Analysis of Changing Modes of Governance Public Administration Vol. 76 Issue 2, 313.

22. Marquardt, R. (1999). Labour market policies and programmes affecting youth in Canada OECD Secretariat.


23. Matthias, C. (1997). Promoting Proactive Approaches and an Intersectoral Approach on

Behalf of Children: An Important New South African Initiative International Social Work 48(6):


24. Office of the Auditor General of Canada (2000). December 2000 Report of the Auditor General of Canada - Chapter 20: Managing Departments for Results and managing horizontal issues for results, paragraph 20.4

25. Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services (2007). Doing More to Help our Young People: Youth Opportunities Strategy.


26. National Children s Alliance (2002). Strategic Directions: Building on Momentum, March 2002 Discussion Paper.


27. Peters, B.G. (1998) Managing Horizontal Government: The Politics of Co-Ordination Public Administration 76 (2), 295 311.

28. Pittman, K. (2007). "Children's Rights, Children's Advocates, Children's Cabinets." Youth Today, May 2007, 16(5), 19.

29. Policy Research Initiative (2006). Seminar in Canadian and International Perspectives on Youth Policy and Research: Scoping the Issue (Background Document),

30. Public Health Agency of Canada, Population Health Approach.


31. Public Health Agency of Canada (1997). Risk, Vulnerability, Resiliency - Health System Implications. Ottawa: The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence.

32. Raffe, D (2003). Pathways Linking Education and Work: A Review of Concepts, Research, and Policy Debates Journal of Youth Studies, Volume 6(1) 13 19.

33. Shaw, M. (2004). Investing in Youth International Approaches to Preventing Crime and Victimization. International Centre for the Prevention of Crime.

34. United Way of Greater Toronto (2008). Toronto s Youth Serving System: Fragmented Paths to Youth Development. UWGT: Unpublished.

35. United Way of Greater Toronto (2004). Mapping the Way: New priorities for Multiplying Community Impact. UWGT: Unpublished.

36. United Way of Greater Toronto (2003) Torontonians Speak Out on Community Values and Pressing Social Issues. Toronto: UWGT.

37. Victoria Office for Youth (ND). Respect: The Government s Vision for Young People A Framework or Policy and Program Development. Department of Victorian Communities.

38. Williamson H. (2005). Even Yobs Matter: Connecting Young people to Community and Society, Youth 2009 - Scanning Horizons in Youth Policy. London: Camelot Foundation.

39. Williamson, H., (2006). Spending Wisely: Youth Policy Work and the Changing Policy Environment for Young People. Leicester: National Youth Agency.

40. World Health Organization (2002). Growing in Confidence: Programming for Adolescent Health and Development: Lessons from Eight Countries. Geneva: Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development.

41. Youth and Society Collaborative Research Team, Edith Cowan University (2002). Youth and the Future: Effective Youth Services for the Year 2015. Tasmania: Australian Clearinghouse for Youth Studies.

42. YMCA England Policy Team (2005). YMCA England Response to DfES Green Paper: Youth Matters. YMCA: London.

http://www.ymca.org.uk/ 26 Wellington Street E 11th Floor Toronto ON M5E 1W9 Tel 416 777 2001 Fax 416 777 0962 unitedwaytoronto.com

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