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«Prepared by: Kamara Jeffrey United Way Project Staff: Diane Dyson Kathy Gallagher-Ross Michelle Smith Ming-Young Tam Peter Alexander United Way ...»

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4. Strengthen the support base for youth in the city The Vancouver CYS takes a youth engagement approach in outlining its commitment to working in partnership with youth and the larger community. It includes an obligation to involve youth and youth organizations as active partners in the development, assessment and delivery of civic services that directly impact youth. The partners outlined are various city departments and community service providers. The Vancouver Civic Youth Strategy has received an Award of Excellence for Innovation from the Canadian Parks and Recreation Association.

Ontario (Ministry of Children and Youth Services) Youth Opportunities Strategy / Youth Challenge Fund Youth Opportunities Strategy A risk prevention and resiliency approach for youth at risk (ages 14-18).

Objectives: improving outcomes for marginalized youth in the areas of:

1. Job readiness

2. Engagement

3. Access to information

4. Crime prevention and diversion

5. Police-youth relations The Government of Ontario committed to $28.5 million dollars in the first three years of the strategy to assist with its implementation. This includes funding for infrastructure as well as human resources in the form of youth outreach workers, who build relationships with hard-toreach youth, provide youth with advice, and connect them with appropriate programs and services. The strategy recognizes that some youth, particularly those in marginalized and stigmatized in communities, often do not have access to opportunities and supports that would help them to be successful in life. The strategy includes initiatives such as the Summer Jobs for Youth Program, Youth in Policing Initiative, Youth Outreach Worker Program, YouthConnect.ca, the School-Based Prevention/Diversion Program, and the Ontario Public Service (OPS) Learn and Work Program.

Youth Challenge Fund The Youth Challenge Fund is a targeted investment strategy for youth in poorly served areas in Toronto s inner suburbs. This youth-driven initiative is and based on community-based collaborations and is intended to improve opportunities for Toronto's young people. Under the Youth Challenge Fund, the Province of Ontario has invested $15 million for programs and services for youth (ages 11-24) and provided another $15 million in matching funds. The matching funds have been set up to encourage donations from the private sector and individuals, bringing the total potential investment to $45 million over three years. Grants provided under YCF tend to support youth programs that are often ineligible under traditional funding sources. As a result, given its youth-driven nature, the Youth Challenge Fund serves as an interesting policy alternative that has responded to crucial gaps in the sector.

Province of Alberta (Alberta Human Resources and Employment; Alberta Learning) Alberta Youth Employment Strategy Launched in June 1999, The Alberta Youth Employment Strategy (AYES) focuses on helping Alberta youth aged 15-24 years to be full participants in the Alberta economy and society. The Alberta Youth Employment Strategy was developed based on an analysis of documented barriers to learning and working for youth. It also builds on Premier Klein s Human Resources Development strategy released in February 1997. The Strategy recognizes and builds upon existing programs and services that were aligned with its goals and expected outcomes; it is coordinated jointly by Advanced Education and Career Development (AECD) and Alberta Education (AE). The strategy is designed to support all youth seeking employment in the province, but pays particular attention to youth who are at risk of not making an attachment to work, including Aboriginal youth and disabled youth, who are at risk of not completing high school and being unemployed or underemployed..

The Alberta Youth Employment Strategy includes four goals to help youth make successful

transitions from school to further learning and work:

1) Creating opportunities for all youth to develop skills and knowledge needed for work

2) To increase work opportunities for youth

3) To help youth respond to the changing nature of work

4) To help youth address barriers that may prevent them from learning or working.

A key component of the Alberta Youth Strategy is its commitment to measuring progress. The

above goals are measured against there are 6 expected outcomes in the strategy:

1) An increase in the percentage of youth who obtain skills and knowledge beyond high school

2) An increase in levels of satisfaction among employers, parents, learning and the public, that education and training have prepared youth for work and further learning

3) An increase in the work opportunities available to youth.

4) A decrease in the percentage of youth who are unemployed.

5) An increase in youth awareness and use of labour market learning opportunities and career planning information.

6) An increase in the skills, knowledge and labour market success of at risk youth Province of British Columbia (Ministry of Children and Families) Youth Policy Framework / Guidelines for the Provision of Youth Services Youth Policy Framework The Youth Policy Framework is a population-based policy framework for youth (ages 16-19). The Youth Policy Framework is based on extensive research on resiliency and was developed through consultations across the sector. It outlines the Ministry of Children and Family s approach to youth services, guides policy and program development, and supports the implementation of

Ministry of Children and Family s priorities related to youth services, which include:

1) Meeting the basic needs of youth

2) Reduced severity of problematic behaviour by youth

3) Improved physical health

4) Meeting the developmental challenges of adolescence

5) Successful transition into adulthood

6) Increased self-reliance and self sufficiency The B.C.Youth Policy Framework serves as the philosophical basis for all youth work and is a common frame of reference for all activities related to youth in the province.

Guidelines for the Provision of Youth Services The British Columbia Guidelines for the Provision of Youth Service is the accompanying document to the Youth Policy Framework. While the Youth Policy Framework contains theoretical guiding principles and the developmental stages of youth, its accompanying document entitled Guidelines for Provision of Youth Services outlines standards for practitioners working in the youth sector, benchmarks for measuring progress, and target outcomes informed by a health systems approach. The original Youth Policy Framework document has laid the foundation for the development of this program delivery manual, which means that there is considerable consistency between service delivery in the sector and the broad vision of the Youth Policy Framework.

Government of Québec (Secrétariat à la Jeunesse) Québec Youth Policy / Youth Action Strategy Québec Youth Policy The Québec Youth Policy is a population-based policy document that defines strategies for addressing specific issues faced by young people, whatever their social, economic, and cultural realities. The policy is grounded in an assets-based approach and emphasizes the ideal that a mutually supportive society must assume its responsibilities toward current and future generations. This policy serves as the theoretical foundation for all other policies in the province. The mandate of this document is to encourage active citizenship for all young people in Quebec and introduce a lasting youth vision into government action and the action of all civil society and community partners.

Youth Action Strategy The Québec Youth Action Strategy is a population-based framework for youth (ages 25 and under). The strategy is the accompanying action plan document for the Québec Youth Policy and is grounded in an asset-based approach. The Secrétariat à la Jeunesse, eleven government departments and two government organizations are involved in the implementation of this strategy. The document acknowledges that challenges such as the aging population, slowing of demographic growth, and the burden of public debt has informed the policy formulation process and assisted the government in identifying priorities.

There are five orientations that guide government action:

1) Improving the health and well-being of young people

2) Fostering the educational success of young people

3) Fostering young people s entry into the workforce

4) Enhancing youth people s participation in society

5) Improving the support offered to young people For each of the policy orientations, there are strategic choices, proposed targets and measures and identified bodies through which to monitor progress. The policy document also contains a section on complementary measures which aids in implementation by outlining current programs and services that are congruent with the policy orientations.

Government of Canada (Department of Justice Canada) Youth Justice Renewal Strategy The Youth Justice Renewal Strategy (YJRS) is a targeted investment strategy for youth (ages 15grounded in a risk prevention and resiliency approach. The mandate of the YJRS is to establish a fair and effective youth justice system through a more targeted approach to youth issues and to assist in the implementation of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. The strategy aims at


1. Prevention and Meaningful Alternatives

2. Meaningful Consequences for Youth Crime

3. Rehabilitation and Reintegration The Youth Justice Renewal Fund is a component of the strategy that targets projects that contribute to the achievement of the broad goals of the Youth Justice Renewal Initiative and provides 5 year financial arrangements with the provinces to support these projects. The Youth Justice Renewal Strategy has facilitated the development of pilot projects in Extrajudicial Measures, Pre-trial Detention, Sentencing, and Custody and Integration. Results from the projects will be available to assist individuals and organizations across the country in determining how and whether to implement similar projects.

Government of Canada (Human Resources Skills Development Canada) Youth Employment Strategy Based on resiliency and asset-based approaches, the Government of Canada created the Youth Employment Strategy (YES) to help young Canadians (aged 15 to 30) to obtain career information, develop skills, find good jobs and stay employed.

The YES was originally designed to to get and keep a job, to make a successful transition from school to work; and, to undertake this within the conditions that exist at the local level. This national strategy currently offers a broad range of initiatives under three programs: Skills Link, Summer Work Experience, and Career Focus. Thirteen Government of Canada departments and agencies work with partners in other governments, businesses and communities to deliver the initiatives under these programs.

Province of New Brunswick (Ministry of Family and Community Services) Youth Services Partnership The Youth Services Partnership is a population-based service coordination network. This framework initially arose from the Government of New Brunswick s ad hoc response to service duplication in the mid-1980 s. In 1989, under the Canada-New Brunswick Protocol on Youth, the Youth Services Partnership evolved into a structured federal-provincial partnership. The Partnership aims to provide a collaborative network to facilitate effective and efficient delivery of programs and services for youth. Rather than serving as a broad policy framework, YSP is aimed at maximizing the use of existing community, provincial and federal resources directed towards youth services. Under the Partnership and other provincial initiatives, youth are defined as ages 16-19.

There are six provincial ministries involved in the partnership, and Federal involvement in the partnership through Service Canada. Despite its limited financial and in-kind resources, committees have been able to coordinate a range of programs and services for youth that address specific needs and significantly decreased program duplication.

U.S.A. (Federal Youth Development Council)Federal Youth Coordination Act

In 2003, The White House Task Force for Disadvantaged Youth recommended the creation of a federal coordinating body for youth services, now known as the Federal Youth Development Council. Under the Federal Youth Coordination Act, the Council has been established to facilitate interagency coordination and collaboration, coordinate federal research, and identify and replicate model programs in order to support state-level youth service coordination efforts.

The Federal Youth Development Council s mandate is to:

1) Ensure communication among federal agencies serving youth

2) Assess youth needs and the quantity and quality of federal supports to help meet these needs

3) Set quantifiable goals/objectives for federal youth programs and develop a plan to reach these goals

4) Develop demonstration projects to focus on special populations of youth

5) Conduct research and identify and replicate model programs

6) Provide support to states through technical assistance and, subject to the availability of appropriations, make grants to States to support State-level coordination efforts This bipartisan legislation was drafted in partnership with National Collaboration for Youth, a 30 year-old coalition of more than fifty national, non-profit youth development organizations in the United States that had an interest in leveraging and coordinating the existing resources of different federal agencies and holding federal departments accountable for achieving results.

England, U.K. (Department of Education and Skills) Every Child Matters: Change for Children / Youth Matters Green Paper The central goals of England s children and youth policy were set out in Every Child Matters (Department for Education and Skills 2003), followed by Youth Matters (Department for Education and Skills 2005).

Both Every Child Matters and Youth Matters are grounded in an asset-based approah concerned

with improving the following outcomes for children and young people:

1.Being healthy

2.Staying safe

3.Enjoying and achieving

4.Making a positive contribution

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