«Iwerne Minster from the north east (Tower Hill) To protect, maintain and enhance the village environment, its surroundings and the quality of life ...»
The more recent developments at the Maltings, Ash and Bramley Grove have also successfully emulated some of these features and include traditional brick with flint bands and decorative timber detailing in their design. In comparison the earlier developments of Oakwood Drive, the Glebe and the Paddocks do little to enhance the Iwerne Minster Village Design Statement character and diversity of the village being constructed in plain uniform brick with little to no detailing and the resulting style of developments can be found in any village in the District.
In comparison the Grade II Listed Clayesmore School manor house built in 1878 and enlarged to the east in 1908 is comprised of rubble walls with ham stone ashlar dressings and bonding courses. An asymmetric High Victorian mansion the garden facade has an asymmetric composition with similar fenestration to that of the main front.
Roofs In the historic core of the village the roofs are predominantly tiled and occasionally on some properties there are stone slates on the lower margins. Thatch also plays an important part in the village scene with a large number of both detached and semidetached buildings of various ages and styles utilising this material. The ridge designs vary, with both the local Dorset flush style and the more “estate style” decorative block cut method present. Welsh slate as a roofing material is very rare in the village with a number of cottages on Shute Lane being some of the exceptions.
Clay tiles are the norm throughout the village, including the Manor House and Stable Court on the Clayesmore school site and can also be found on some of the more modern developments with only the occasional use of pantiles as demonstrated at Brookman’s Farm outbuildings. Tile hanging on walls is also unusual, as is the use of timber weather boarding, although where it does exist on Dwell Deep and The Oak House, it blends well with the setting.
Some exceptions to clay tiles can be found on Oakwood Drive and at the Paddocks where concrete tiles have been used, a material that is in keeping with the age and style of the properties concerned.
Much of the building development took place in the early to mid 19th century and this local vernacular style is reflected to a less or greater degree with the wide range of decorative ridge tiles and finials, barge boards, gable end timber designs, embellished porches and chimney stacks. Particularly good small scale examples can be found on Church Path, Woodlands Cottage, Sparrow Cottage and various cottages along Shute Lane. Obviously there is fine detailing on the listed buildings on the Clayesmore school site.
Porches and Verandas Timber framed porches and verandas are common architectural elements throughout the historic core of the village, with the traditional lean-to or pitched roof designs being the norm, often incorporating ornamental brackets and other detail. The flat topped canopy design of Tilhayes is an impressive but a rare feature within the streetscene.
This tradition has been continued in the more recent developments, but is noticeably absent from the chalet bungalow style properties in Oakwood Drive and the Paddocks.
Dormers Dormers are prolific throughout the village and in the historic core are generally pitched or hipped, though a rare flat topped mullioned design is present on the front elevation of The Oak House. Although a variation in size is apparent their scale is always appropriate to the particular building and as a result they appear as modest additions to the dwellings. Roof lights are not found on front elevations or other visible slopes and would be considered out of keeping with the village scene.
In the more modern developments the dormers are also in keeping with the style of the properties from the large flat roof dormers on the chalet bungalows in Oakwood Drive to the hipped and tiled dormers in the Paddocks.
Chimney Stacks Residential chimney stacks throughout the village are almost without exception built of brick. They are a key characteristic of the Iwerne Minster skyline and the local decorative styles add character to the village. The use of appropriate pot styles and sizes, as well as caps and cowls all help to preserve this overall traditional appearance.
Rainwater goods In the historic core of the village the rainwater goods such as the drainpipes and guttering are found to be mostly painted black cast metal of half round profile. The unusual and unique designs such as those found on the lead work of The Oak House add interest to the setting. On the more modern developments UPVC is prevalent and in keeping with other materials used.
Iwerne Minster Village Design Statement
Windows and Doors Window design in the historic core of the village is extremely varied but an underlying tradition has been retained with few UPVC windows that can detract from the historic character, being evident. This variety using historic materials is a trend that many people in the village would like to see continued.
Leaded windows on Higher Street Timber casements with clerestory lights on Church Path Side hung timber casements appear the norm and range from the plainer flush fitting windows with simple horizontal glazing bars and small paned Georgian style to the more complicated glazing arrangements of the ‘estate’ buildings. Leaded lights and coloured glazing set within timber frames are also to be found, as well as oriel (a form of bay window commonly found in Gothic revival architecture, which jut out from the main wall of the building but do not reach to the ground) and bay window construction.
Rarer cast metal framed casements still exist in several properties most notably Sunnyside Cottage, The Oak House and Heddle House to name a few and generally with leaded lights and some with important historic ironmongery such as butterfly catches.
Where examples of polite architecture are found, vertical bordered sashes are also present with examples being Woodpecker Cottage and properties along Post Office Road.
Windows on the Clayesmore School site are altogether varied from the grand 1, 2 and 3 light stone mullioned windows on the Manor House, where those to the main rooms have cusped heads and those to the service rooms have straight heads, to the simple square windows found in the classrooms built in the 1970s.
In the case where properties have been converted even more varied designs are present and this wealth of historic fabric, along with the remaining traditional vertical flush boarded doors again add to the character of the village and needs to be retained.
Traditional materials have been used in many of the more recent developments for the windows and doors, but UPCV is evident in Oakwood Drive and the Paddocks.
Boundary Walls As to the boundary walls, the materials for these also vary in the historic core of the village with many of the high walls being a mix of brick and rendered cob or exposed flintwork. Traditional tile cappings are also evident and many of the lower garden walls can be found topped with shaped bricks.
In addition to buildings, boundary walls also play a key part in the form and pattern of the village. Many are high preventing views beyond the street line creating a sense of containment, with gateways providing intriguing glimpses to plots beyond. The boundary wall along the A350 effectively divides the Clayesmore School complex off from the rest of the village. Lower garden walls are also common in the more modern developments separating private gardens from public spaces. Walls form a key part of the character of the village and should be preserved.
In some parts of the village there are no boundary walls and only natural hedges and border shrubs provide privacy and division. These range from the high hedges in the historic parts of the village and clearly evident around the Chalk and along the sunken lanes to the more manicured hedges of Oakwood Drive and the Paddocks.
Iwerne Minster Village Design Statement
Outbuildings There are a number of significant outbuildings in the older parts of the village that provide visual evidence of the role agriculture paid in the past. Some have been converted for residential use such as the outbuildings to Bay Farm on Hobgoblin that are now known as East and West Barn. Other outbuildings abutting Dunn’s Lane in the grounds of Devine House and the group of outbuildings on the corner of Old School Lane and Church Road, now known as The Stables, appear least altered.
Once again flintwork, dressed stone and clay tiles are present and in the case of the Stables there are some rare stone slates and a small lancet style window feature present.
6.1 Streets and routes through the settlement The A350 is the main road through Iwerne Minster that links it to Shaftesbury in the north and Blandford Forum in the south. The main road actively divides the mainly residential area to the east from the Clayesmore School complex and some of the more modern developments to the west. The road is clearly marked and there are sections of footpath along its route. Recently a priority restriction has been introduced at Barbers Cottage together with vehicle activated signs in an effort to reduce speeding through the village.
The A350 looking north from the bus stop towards The A350 looking north from the southern edge of Barber’s Cottage and Clayesmore School the village Modern traffic, in particular heavy goods vehicles, has changed the setting from one of tranquillity with four legged traffic to 21st century noise and bustle in this part of the village, but due to the layout of the settlement much of the village is unaffected by this modern blight.
6.2 Character of local roads In comparison the single carriage way streets and lanes in the historic core of the village are of a distinctive rural nature.
As part of the rural road network around the historic core of the village there are also a number of sunken lanes and hedges that are very old and give a distinctive, enclosed and protected feel to certain areas particularly Church Hill, Dunn’s Lane, Hobgoblin, Shute Lane and parts of Tower Hill. A sunken lane (also known as hollow way or holloway) is a road that has over time fallen significantly lower than the land on either side. They are created incrementally by erosion, by water and traffic.
The sunken lane up Tower Hill looking east The sunken lane along Church Hill The more modern developments within the village, in particular Oakwood Drive, The Glebe and Home Farm have wide tarmac roads with kerb edges and open green areas. Although the wide roads and views of surrounding hills and countryside give a rural feel to their environment they bring a touch of urbanisation to the street scene and, of course, their own settings.
6.2 Parking and Drives In general the dwellings throughout Iwerne Minster benefit from off road parking, although there are a number of exceptions where on street parking causes congestion and hazard. For example parking at the Glebe and along the sunken lanes can be a problem especially where cottages abut the road. The more modern developments such as Oakwood Drive and Home Farm all have off road parking on private drives or in purpose built garage blocks.
Where properties have drives in the historic core of the village materials vary with shingle, gravel and sets being popular and complimenting the historic nature of the surrounding buildings. However, in the past concrete and tarmac have also been used to ‘improve’ access, but over time these materials have weathered and with the benefit of lichen and mosses now almost blend in with the natural environment. In comparison the tarmac and concrete drives in Oakwood Drive and Home Farm in particular urbanise the street scene. On the more modern developments some effort has been made to use more natural materials with detailing at Bramley Grove including gravel and sets.
As mentioned in Section 2.2 there is an Article 4 Direction covering the Conservation Area in Iwerne Minster that removes permitted development rights to create an access to the highway and hard standing areas for vehicles that are ancillary to a dwelling house to protect the rural and often enclosed nature of the village lanes.
6.3 Footpaths and links The close proximity of the countryside and the network of public footpaths provide an important recreational opportunity for residents. For example residents of Oakwood Drive and Blandford Road can avoid the busy main road to reach the village centre by way of the footpath that passes alongside the cricket ground and children’s playground.
Map 11 – Footpaths and bridleways Iwerne Minster Village Design Statement
6.4 Utilities and Street Furniture As a continuation of the rural character of Iwerne Minster there is no street lighting in the village and from a recent survey it was established that the majority of residents did not want it. Some private properties do use security lights and there is a flood lit all weather pitch on the Clayesmore School site, but not all lights are welcomed by everyone due to amenity concerns. Conversely, the Church is well illuminated externally and is welcomed as a very attractive feature and much valued village feature. There are some overhead cables in the historic core of the village, but in the more modern developments these have been placed underground to avoid unsightly poles and trailing wires that detract from the rural setting.
In terms of street furniture there are few street name boards in the older parts of the village and again this is welcomed by the residents as those street name plates in the more modern developments appear more suburban and not in keeping with the rural character of the village. Throughout the historic core of the village there are also a number of parish notice boards and public benches. All are constructed of wood and blend in well with the rural setting and many are associated with a particular phase in the development of the village.