«Heidi Wiig and Michelle Wood R-01 • What Comprises a Regional Innovation System? An 1995 Empirical Study Heidi Wiig and Michelle Wood STEP ...»
adapted to regional particularities53. In which case, further investigation of the characteristics and needs of other regions will give a more comprehensive understanding of the national system of innovation.
Lastly, in terms of the innovation system in the region the results discussed here provide only one, albeit important, perspective - that of manufacturing firms - and as the discussion indicates, in terms of analysing innovation linkages, the ’innovation system' or network in Møre and Romsdal is limited in scope and extent. This supports findings from similar studies elsewhere 54. It may be that such linkages are more highly evident amongst firms and institutions within a sub-region, such as Sunnmøre, giving rise to a 'local innovation system' or within particular industries, embodied in their particular knowledge bases or labour markets; although further evidence is needed in order to investigate this. In addition, the apparent weakness of the Møre and Romsdal innovation system may lie with conceptual difficulties and perceptions associated with models of 'regional innovation systems', resulting from studies of successful, core regions where innovation linkages are strong. In fact, the problematic of constructing a definition of an 'innovation system' which is applicable to a whole range of different localities and regions has been raised elsewhere55, with suggestions that individual firm strategies and networks actually work against the formation of an visibly integrated regional innovation system. This paper attempts to provide an empirical basis for this, but recognises that a great deal of work remains in this area, in both conceptual and empirical terms.
Koschatzky K (1994) op cit, 26 see Héraud, (1995) op cit Higgins, T (1995) op cit, p7 Appendix: Methodology In the regional innovation study of the Norwegian county of Møre and Romsdal, data was collected via postal questionnaires sent to business enterprises in the region.
This was followed up by a telephone survey (using a slightly modified questionnaire) to all non-respondents to the initial postal questionnaire. The total number of responses was 399 representing a response rate of 49%.
Address lists covering all industrial firms in the county were supplied by the Møre and Romsdal Advisory Council. Constant cross-referencing with the Brønnøysund register together with the Council's extensive first-hand contact with industry in the area ensured that these lists were both comprehensive and up-to-date. In addition to firm names, these lists furnished the names of the managing director, which proved important when contacting the individual companies.
In all, the original list contained 1128 business enterprises. Some of the firms were not relevant to the study and were discarded, as in the case of individual companies simply constituting a division of a enterprise. The original list also consisted of firms that were not engaged in production and a number of the remaining industrial firms did not deem the study relevant to their activities, owing for example, to the fact that they were involved in closing down production. Further, some had changed their activities away from production several years back, while still others had not been involved in production for at least three years. There were another set of firms that found the study irrelevant for them and businesses that had gone bankrupt.
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