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«ROBERT F. KANABY, Publisher Bruce L. Howard and John C. Gillis, Editors NFHS Publications © 1997, 2003 By the National Federation of State High ...»

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SECTION 10: Blocked Scrimmage Kicks and Returns

Provision 1: A blocked punt is recorded as a “Team” entry (except when a properly centered ball is fumbled) and not charged against the individual kicker. Also, charge one punt for no yards to ensure that the blocked punt is counted as a kick attempt in team totals.

Provision 2: If the ball travels toward the kicker’s goal and is recovered by the blocking team, the yardage is treated as a punt return by Football 27 the player who blocked the kick.

Provision 3: If the ball travels toward the kicker’s goal and is recovered by the kicking team, the yardage is treated as a punt return by the player who blocked the kick; and the blocking team is charged with a fumble lost, except on fourth down. Remember that yardage for a blocked punt cannot be a negative figure. It is listed as zero yards, and the difference shall be listed as punt-return yardage for the team blocking the punt.

Provision 4: When a Team A punt is blocked behind the LOS, Team A retains the privileges it had before the blocked kick (i.e., it may kick the ball, pass the ball or advance it by rushing). If punted, measure the yardage from the point where the player punts. If passed, measure the yardage from the LOS. If advanced by rushing, measure the yardage from the point where Team A’s player gains possession.

Exception: If advanced or punted from the end zone, yardage is measured from the goal line.

Provision 5: When a punt is blocked and recovered by the kicking team beyond the neutral zone, credit that team with a punt and yardage measured from the LOS. Do not credit the player who blocked the punt or the other team with a punt return.

Provision 6: A punt that is blocked as a result of the kick striking the punter’s teammate behind the LOS is treated as a “Team” punt.

The ball may be advanced by the defense from any point on the field.

Provision 7: Blocked punts that pass the neutral zone are recorded as blocked punts and charged to the “Team” if, in the scorer’s opinion, the distance of the punt is materially affected.

Provision 8: Scrimmage kick returns are recorded as punt returns. Any return of a field-goal attempt is included under punt returns.

–  –  –

SECTION 12: Tackles/Sacks Provision 1: If a ball carrier is stopped solely or primarily because of the efforts of one defensive player, that player should be credited with a solo or unassisted tackle. No more than one solo tackle can be credited on any one play. Tackles for losses and pass sacks should result in a player getting credit for that action and a solo tackle.

Provision 2: If two defensive players contribute equally to the stopping of a ball carrier, credit both players with an assisted tackle, but give neither a solo tackle. (NOTE: In a situation where there is not a solo tackle, there should not be more than two assists credited except in rare instances. In other words, on any given play one of the following may be credited: 1) one solo tackle, or 2) two assisted tackles.

Only in the rarest of cases would more than two assisted tackles be credited.) Provision 3: Tackles behind the line of scrimmage resulting in lost yardage, either of a ball carrier or a quarterback attempting to pass, are tackles for loss. The same principles noted above apply.

A player who is credited with a solo tackle for a loss also should be credited with a solo tackle. If two players contribute equally to stopping a ball carrier behind the line of scrimmage (and no player is credited with a solo tackle), then credit each player with an assisted tackle for loss as well as an assisted tackle.

For yardage lost, credit the entire yardage lost to the solo tackler. In the case of assisted tacklers, split yardage lost between the two players. If the yardage lost is an odd number, then the yardage split shall be at the discretion of the official game statistician.

Provision 4: If the defensive team is credited with the sack of a player who is attempting to pass, the same principles outlined above again apply. A player credited with a solo sack on the play also is credited with a solo tackle and a solo tackle for loss.

In the case of two players getting credit for an assisted pass Football 29 sack (with no player being credited for a solo pass sack), each player also would be credited with an assisted tackle and an assisted tackle for loss.

If a potential passer fumbles the ball before contact by the defense, no pass sack is credited to any individual player. Also, lost yardage on pass sacks is given entirely to the player with a solo pass sack and lost yardage is split equally between two players with assisted pass sacks. If the yardage lost is an odd number, then the yardage split shall be at the discretion of the official game statistician.

In determining pass sacks, take into consideration a case where a quarterback or another offensive player makes an apparent attempt to pass while being chased and goes out of bounds behind the line of scrimmage. In that instance, give the solo pass sack, solo tackle and solo tackle for loss to the primary chasing player who, in the opinion of the official game statistician, caused the passer to go out of bounds.

For plays that end either on the line of scrimmage or beyond, there is no pass sack credited, but rather it is considered a rushing play. There can be no pass sack without loss of yardage.





SECTION 13: Penalties

Provision 1: When yardage gained by rushing, passing or runbacks is involved with penalty yardage to be assessed, the point at which the official declares the run ends determines the point of legal advance.

It also determines where a run begins. If the foul is by Team A and occurs behind the spot where the run ends, the enforcement is from the spot of the foul, as long as it is beyond the previous spot.

CD 1: Team A’s ball on Team B’s 40-yard line. Player A rushes for 15 yards to Team B’s 25-yard line. A clipping penalty is called against Team A on Team B’s 30-yard line. The enforcement spot is the 30-yard line and Team A is penalized 15 yards to Team B’s 45-yard line. Credit Player A with a rush of 10 yards and charge Team A with a penalty of 15 yards.

30 Football CD 2: Team A’s ball on Team B’s 30-yard line. Player A rushes for 10 yards to Team B’s 20-yard line. A clipping penalty is called against Team A on Team B’s 15-yard line. The enforcement spot is the 20-yard line (where the run ended) and Team A is penalized 15 yards to Team B’s 35-yard line. Credit Player A with a rush of 10 yards and charge Team A with a penalty of 15 yards.

Provision 2: Penalties against the defense on running plays when the run ends beyond the LOS are enforced from the spot where the run ends, if accepted by the offense.

CD 1: Team A’s ball on its 40-yard line. Player A rushes to the 45yard line and Player B holds at Team A’s 43-yard line. The enforcement spot is the 45. Credit Player A with a rush of five yards and charge Team B with a penalty of 10 yards.

CD 2: Team A’s ball on its 40-yard line. Player A rushes for no gain and Player B holds at Team A’s 43-yard line. The enforcement spot is the 40-yard line. Do not charge Player A with a rush. Charge Team B with a penalty of 10 yards.

Provision 3: Penalties against the defense on running plays when the run ends behind the LOS are enforced from the end of the run. The play is nullified. Do not charge the ball carrier with a rush.

CD 1: Team A’s ball on its 40-yard line. Player A loses two yards rushing. Player B holds at Team A’s 37-yard line. The enforcement spot is the 40-yard line. Charge Team B with a penalty of 10 yards. Do not charge Player A with a rush.

Provision 4: The basic spot for a 15-yard roughing-the-passer foul on a completed forward pass is from the end of the last run beyond the neutral zone if there has been no change of possession. Otherwise, it is from the previous spot. It also is an automatic first down.

Provision 5: A penalty on a foul by Team A, i.e., clipping, illegal use of hands and holding, is enforced from the end of the run, or from the spot of the foul if behind the end of the run, when the play ends behind the neutral zone. The play is nullified and is not recorded (unless Team B declines the penalty). If the foul behind the end of the run still means a positive gain, the play is not nullified.

Football 31 CD 1: Team A’s ball on Team B’s 45-yard line. Player A rushes to Team B’s 20-yard line, where Team A is called for clipping.

Penalize Team A 15 yards for clipping. Credit Player A with a rush of 10 yards.

Provision 6: On a foul by Team A, such as illegal motion, illegal shift, etc., the play is nullified and is not recorded. If Team B declines the penalty, the play is recorded but the penalty yardage is not recorded.

Provision 7: When a kickoff goes out of bounds and is kicked again, charge Team A with a penalty of 5 yards from the previous spot.

When a kickoff goes out of bounds and is taken at the awarded spot, do not charge Team A with a penalty, as this is an awarded spot by rule.

Provision 8: If a foul occurs on the last timed down of a period, the period is extended if the penalty is accepted by either team.

Provision 9: If the official overpenalizes or underpenalizes with yardage, record the actual yardage stepped off and not the yardage specified for the infraction. For clarification in the play-by-play, denote the improper yardage.

SECTION 14: Touchdowns

Provision 1: Yardage is credited only to the goal line. If a fumble is recovered in the opponent’s end zone, no yardage is credited for the scoring team past the goal line.

FGA: A field-goal attempt is charged to a player any time the player shoots, throws or taps a live ball at the player’s own basket.

3FGA: A three-point field-goal attempt is charged to a player any time the player shoots or throws a live ball at the player’s own basket, behind the three-point line.

FGM: A field goal made is credited to a player any time a FGA by the

BASKETBALL

Basketball 33

DEFINITION OF TERMS

player results in the goal being counted or results in an awarded score of two (or three) points, except when the field goal is the result of a defensive player tipping the ball in the offensive basket.

a) A two-point field goal is a goal from the field that counts two points for the team into whose basket the ball is thrown.

b) A three-point field goal is a successful try from the field by a player located behind the three-point line.

FTA: A free-throw attempt is the opportunity given a player to score one point by an unhindered try for goal from within the free-throw semicircle and behind the free-throw line.

FTM: A free throw made is credited to a player any time a FTA by the player results in the goal being counted.

Rebound: A play resulting directly from a missed FGA or a missed FTA. For each missed shot in a game (missed FGA or FTA), a rebound must be awarded.

a) individual rebound

b) team rebound

c) dead-ball rebound OREB: A player earns credit for an offensive rebound when the player gains control of a loose ball after a missed FGA or FTA by the player’s own team.

DREB: A player earns credit for a defensive rebound when the player gains control of a loose ball after a missed FGA or FTA by the opponent.

Turnover: Direct result of misplay or penalty which causes one team to lose possession and the other team to gain possession.

Assist: In the scorer’s judgment, any pass or intentional deflection which is directly advantageous to the receiving player scoring a field goal.

Steal: When a player’s positive aggressive action(s) causes a turnover by an opponent.

Blocked Shot: Credited to a player any time the player appreciably 34 Basketball alters the flight of a FGA, and the shot is not made.

PF: A personal foul is a player foul which involves illegal contact with an opponent while the ball is alive or committed by or on an airborne shooter when the ball is dead. Contact after the ball has become dead is ignored unless it is ruled intentional or flagrant or is committed by or on an airborne shooter.

SECTION 1: Field Goals Provision 1: When a player is fouled in the act of shooting before the ball is in flight, and the shot results in a FGM, then a FGA also must be charged.

Provision 2: When a player shoots and is fouled after the ball clearly

STATISTICS RULES WITH CONFIRMED

DECISIONS

is in flight, a FGA is charged. If the shot is made, whether or not it was in flight is not important. Either way, the shot will count and a FGA must be charged and a FGM credited. If the shot does not score, the number of free throws awarded, if any, may help indicate if the shot was in flight. If no free throws are awarded or if the shooter is awarded one and the bonus, this indicates the foul was after the shot and a FGA should be charged.

Provision 3: Taps count as FGAs when, in the opinion of the statistician, the player has sufficient control to be credited with a rebound or would be awarded shots if fouled.

Provision 4: Blocked shots count as FGAs when, in the opinion of the statistician, the player is clearly attempting before being blocked.

If there is doubt as to whether it was a shot, the interpretation shall be that it is not a FGA when the shot and blocking action result in a held ball.

Provision 5: A shot on which there is defensive goaltending or defensive basket interference is treated as though there was no violation, and the shot has been made. That is, a FGA is charged and a FGM is credited. An assist also may be credited.

Basketball 35 Provision 6: When a FG is scored in Team A’s basket after last being touched by a player on Team B, and the touching by Team B was an attempt to block a shot by Team A and did not appreciably alter its flight, then such touching is ignored.

SECTION 2: Free Throws

Provision 1: A FTA is charged any time a player shoots a free throw and there is no violation (or technical or goaltending) during a throw, with these exceptions.

a) A FTA as well as a FTM is credited if the shot is made and there is a violation by the defense.



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