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• Governance Support including: research and development of self-government proposals, participation in tripartite government negotiations and administration of Governance Treaty Related Measure
• Main Table Support including: preparation of materials, briefing notes for Council of Chiefs, participation in planning and analysis and tripartite liaison
• Research Support and Management Manager, Treaty Negotiation Office November 1994 – November 1996 Snuneymuxw First Nation (SFN)
• Responsible for the direction and coordination of treaty negotiations for the SFN
• implemented treaty office organization, directed staff and consultants
• coordinated traditional land use study and all research related to land and resource use and rights and interests in reserve lands and over traditional territory;
• developed and implemented policy in the areas of archaeology and Crown Land referrals
• coordinated land and resource consultants provided advice and assistance to Chief and Council and to negotiating team;
• developed and implemented work plans and budgets pertaining to negotiations, training programs, studies and reported to BCTC, provincial and federal agencies, etc;
• managed consultation process with membership and the general public Researcher Feb 1992 - Oct. 1994 Snuneymuxw First Nation
• completed all ethnohistorical, archaeological and legal research
• interviewed Elders and compiled traditional land and resource use information
• developed library of historical, ethnographic, archaeological and legal materials
• provided liaison between the First Nation and Government agencies, universities, museums and specialists
• completed all historical and anthropological research tasks for specific claims, reserve land transactions, water rights claims, court actions and negotiations
• managed documents for litigation
PUBLICATIONS:Legal Information Pamphlets for the Public Legal Education Program of the Legal
Services Society of British Columbia, 1989 on:
UNPUBLISHED REPORTS AND STUDIES:Since 1997 I have conducted research and prepared studies and reports on behalf of the following First Nations: the Esketemc (formerly the Alkali Lake Band), the Heiltsuk, the Esquimalt, the Homalco, the Quatsino, the Gwa’Sala ‘Nakwaxda’xw, the Da’naxda’xw Awaetlala, the Tlatlasikwala and Takla Lake.
These studies and reports include specific claims submissions, ethno-historical reports, studies on the history and establishment of the reserve system in British Columbia, land, water and natural resource rights, and aboriginal and legal rights.
I have a Master of Arts degree in Anthropology, followed by eleven years of postgraduate, field experience, working directly with Northwest Coast First Nations in ethnographic research.
University of Victoria, Graduated with honours, M.A. in Anthropology, July 1995. My research areas were Northwest Coast cultures, past and present land/resource issues, and kinship studies.
Currently instructing in a sessional position, Anthropology 112, Introductory Anthropology (cultural) and Anthropology 141, Cultural Sensitivity in BC’s Resource Management.
• My primary focus is archaeological liaison and research. As Archaeological Liaison, I work with our First Nations to identify archaeological sites within the territory and liaise with developers and their archaeologists, and the government to ensure that work is completed within the requirements of the Heritage Conservation Act. I also direct the current fish trap and clam garden archaeological research spearheaded by the HTS. As a Researcher, I focus on cultural heritage issues but I also conduct research into land concerns, access, review of development proposals, repatriation and heritage site protection.
Current work includes an Aboriginal use project, genealogy research, ethnobotanical research, place name research, archaeological inventory studies of the traditional territory, and Agreement in Principle chapter drafting. All research work with the HTS requires interviews and extensive consultation with Elders and knowledgeable community members.
Independent Contractor Spring 1997 to Fall 2001 Traditions Consulting Inc.
• Sub-contract to assist with the Huu-ay-aht First Nation (HFN) Traditional Use Study (TUS). This project involved weekly travel to Bamfield to work with the TUS team to: review work done by the team to assure project quality; ensure the project remained on schedule; assist with the final report; research difficult sources for traditional use information; assist with TUS team training in interviewing procedures; and train the TUS team in various research methods including computer training. After completion of the TUS, I assisted with the development and implementation of the “Proposed Development Review Process” to ensure any proposed developments within HFN territory are fully reviewed.
Independent Contractor Sept. 1, 1997 to Nov. 30, 1997 & May, 1998 Tsawwassen First Nation (TFN) Tsawwassen, B.C.
• Conducted the interview phase of the TFN’s Traditional Use Study. This included training the TFN Researcher on interviewing, conducting interviews with many Elders and community members, completing a final analysis of the interview data and working in an advisory capacity regarding the overall TUS project.
• Research for the Kwakwaka’wakw people to establish genealogical relationships.
This required developing and managing the project, extensive interviews with Elders and Kwakwaka’wakw families, compiling the information into a database, researching archival data, church records, written materials, and government documents, circulating the information to families and working with them for verification. The long term goal of this research is to have a family history for all Kwakwaka’wakw people. In February 2004, I worked with the U’mista Cultural Centre to update the database in order to make it available to the Kwakwaka’wakw people once again.
Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs Jan. 1995 to April 1995 Independent Contractor Victoria, B.C.
• Research of the Nisga’a-Gitanyow border dispute for the Northwest Treaty Negotiating team. This involved archival research, a trip to Gitanyow to meet with Gitanyow people and Elders and a final report discussing the findings.
Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs May 1995 to July 1995 Independent Contractor Victoria, B.C.
• Community Profile research for the Provincial North and Interior Negotiating Team. This involved developing the Community Profile process and researching various line ministries for information about the communities of interest. Results were submitted to the British Columbia Treaty Commission as part of the approval process for the Provincial government to move into Stage 3 negotiations.
Sanders, Deidre March, 1995 Gitanyow-Nisga’a Border Dispute (Overlap).
Unpublished paper submitted to the Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs.
Cullon, Deidre and Shirley Johnson 2000 Laich-Kwil-Tach K'ómoks Mamalillikulla Tlowitsis Council of Chiefs Traditional Use Project: Final Report. Kwakiutl Laich-Kwil-Tach Nations Treaty Society, Unpublished Report.
Blampied-Watts, Patricia et al. 2001 Tseshaht First Nation Traditional Use Study Final Report. Port Alberni, B.C.: Tseshaht First Nation, Unpublished Report.
Cullon, Deidre et al. 2001 Campbell River Water Use Plan Project: A Study of Aboriginal Use, Final Report. BC Hydro, Unpublished Report.
James, Michelle et al. 2001 Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nation Cultural Heritage
Site Review Project Final Report. Gold River, B.C.:
Mowachaht/Muchalaht First Nation, Unpublished Report.
Smith, Tess et al. 2001 Ka:’Yu:’K’t’h’/Che:K’tles7et’h’ First Nation Cultural
Heritage Site Review Project Final Report. Kyuquot, B.C.:
Ka:’yu:’k’t’h’/Che:k’tles7et’h’ First Nation, Unpublished Report
Cullon, Deidre et al. 2002 Puntledge River Water Use Plan Project: A Study of Aboriginal Use, Final Report. BC Hydro, Unpublished Report.
Cullon, Deidre et al. 2003 Hamatla Treaty Society Member Nations’ Traditional Governance: Results of a Literature Search. Hamatla Treaty Society, Unpublished Report