WWW.THESES.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 8 | 9 || 11 | 12 |   ...   | 22 |

«Amazay Lake Photo by Patrice Halley Draft Submission to the Kemess North Joint Review Panel May, 2007 Report Prepared By: Loraine Littlefield Linda ...»

-- [ Page 10 ] --

Canada 1943 Schedule of Indian Reserves in the Dominion of Canada, Part 2, Reserves in the Province of British Columbia, Ottawa: Indian Affairs Branch n.d. First Nation Profiles in http://sdiprod2.inac.gc.ca/FNProfiles/, accessed October, 2006 Canada and British Columbia 1915 Transcript of Evidence, Stuart Lake Agency, for the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia, typescript held at Specific Claims Branch, INAC, Vancouver 1916 Report of the Royal Commission on Indian Affairs for the Province of British Columbia. Victoria: Acme Chapman, J.D. and Turner, D.B. (eds) 1956 British Columbia Atlas of Resources. British Columbia Natural Resources Conference, 1956: Vancouver.

Charlie, William 1997 Affidavit of William Charlie, sworn June 11, 1997 and filed June 13, 1997, Supreme Court of British Columbia, Victoria Registry No. 97 0723, Tsay Keh Dene Band and Takla Lake Band versus Minister of Environment, Lands and Parks Minister of Employment and Investment, Minister of Forestry for the Province of British Columbia, and the District Manager, Mackenzie Forest District, Kemess Mines Inc., Duz Cho Logging Ltd., and Roga Contracting Ltd.

Denniston, Glenda 1981 Sekani. In Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 6, The Subarctic, June Helm, editor, pp. 443-442. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Dewhirst, John 1995 An Aboriginal Sustenance Impact Assessment of the Kemess South Gold-Copper Project: A Status Report. Prepared for El Condor Resources Ltd. Vancouver, B.C.

September 1995 Dewhirst, John 2006 A Literature Review of Potential Aboriginal Interests in the Kemess North Mine Expansion Area, Duncan Lake, North Central British Columbia. Prepared for Northgate Minerals Corporation. Smithers, B.C. February 2006.

Duff, Wilson 1965 The Indian History of British Columbia. Vol. 1, The Impact of the White Man.

Anthropology in British Columbia, Memoir No. 5. Victoria: British Columbia Provincial Museum Harmon, D. W..

2006 Harmon's Journal 1800-1819 1025. (reprint of edited version by W.K. Lamb) Surrey, BC: TouchWood Editions Harris, Yvonne Dorothy 1984 Choices of Change: A Study of the Fort Ware Indian Band and Implications of Land Settlement for Northern Indian Bands. M. A. Thesis, University of British Columbia.

Haworth, P.

1917 On the Headwaters of the Peace River, a narrative of a thousand mile canoe trip to a little known range of the Canadian Rockies. C. Scribner’s Sons, New York.

Helm, June 1968 The Nature of Dogrib Socio-territorial Groups, Pp. 118-125 in Man the Hunter.

Richard B. Lee and Irven DeVore. Eds. Chicago, Aldine.

Hudson, D 1983 Traplines and Timber: Social and Economic change Among the Carrier Indians of Northern British Columbia. Ph.D. Dissertation. Edmonton: Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta.

Izony, Ray n.d. Tsay Kehnnay Dene Nation Government and Spirituality of our Bands. Unpublished document held by the Tsay Keh Dene Treaty Office.

Jenness, Diamond 1937 The Sekani Indians of British Columbia. National Museum of Canada Bulletin No. 84.

King’s Printer, Ottawa.

Koyl, Mary Christina 1992 Cultural Chasm; A 1960’s Hydro Development and the Tsay Keh Dene Native Community of Northern British Columbia. M.A. Thesis, University of Victoria.

Lamb, W.K.

1960 The letters and journals of Simon Fraser, 1806-1808. Edited with introduction by William Kaye Lamb; maps by C.C. J. Bond. Toronto.

Lanoue, Guy 1983 Continuity and Change: the Development of Political Self-Definition Among the Sekani fo Northern British Columbia. PhD Dissertation. University of Toronto.

MacKenzie, Alexander 1995 Journal of the Voyage to the Pacific, edited by Walter Sheppe, New York: Dover.

Morice, Rev. A.G.

1895 Notes Archaeological, Industrial and Sociological on the Western Denes with an Ethnographic Sketch of the Same. Transactions of the Canadian Institute, vol. 4:1Toronto.

O’Reilly, Peter 1893 Letter from Peter O’Reilly to the Deputy Superintendent General of Indian Affairs, Indian Land Registry, INAC Correspondence and Minutes of Decision, Federal Collection, Vol. 13:115-131 Patrick, Fred 1997 Affidavit of Peter Abraham, sworn June 11, 1997 and filed June 16, 1997, Supreme Court of British Columbia, Victoria Registry No. 97 0723, Tsay Keh Dene Band and Takla Lake Band versus Minister of Environment, Lands and Parks Minister of Employment and Investment, Minister of Forestry for the Province of British Columbia, and the District Manager, Mackenzie Forest District, Kemess Mines Inc., Duz Cho Logging Ltd., and Roga Contracting Ltd.

Pollon, W. & S. Matheson 1989 This Was Our Valley. Detselig Enterprises, Calgary.

Rich, E.E.

1947 Part of Dispatch from George Simpson Esq’r, Governor of Rupert’s Land, to the Governor& Committee of the Hudson’s Bay Company London, Toronto: The Champlain Society.

1955 A Journal of a Voyage from Rocky Mountain Portage in Peace River to the Sources of Finlays Branch and North West Ward in Summer 1824. The Hudson’s Bay Record Society.

Roberts, Anne Marie & Laurence Turney 2006 Caribou Migration (Item 19), for Northgate Minerals Corporation, Kemess Mine Expansion, Panel Review Response, Vol. 1 and 2, page 94-105.

Rogers, Mary Black 1986 Varieties of ‘Starvation’: Semantics and Survival in the Subarctic Fur Trade, 1750 Ethnohistory, 33(4) 1986, pp. 353-383.





Rogers, Mary Black & Edward S. Rogers 1980 Adoption of Patrilineal Surname System by Bilateral Northern Ojibwa: Mapping the Learning of an Alien System, pp.198-230 in William Cowan (Editor): Papers of the 11th Algonquian Conference. Ottawa: Carleton University.

Sandra Teegee 1997 Affidavit of Sandra Teegee, sworn June 11, 1997 and filed June 16, 1997, Supreme Court of British Columbia, Victoria Registry No. 97 0723, Tsay Keh Dene Band and Takla Lake Band versus Minister of Environment, Lands and Parks Minister of Employment and Investment, Minister of Forestry for the Province of British Columbia, and the District Manager, Mackenzie Forest District, Kemess Mines Inc., Duz Cho Logging Ltd., and Roga Contracting Ltd.

Swanell, Frank 1932 Plan of Topographical Reconnaissance of the Ingenika River and the Headwaters of the Finlay River Cassiar District.

Tsay Keh Dene (TKD) 2002 Tsay Keh Dene Traditional Use Study: Understanding the Land and People, Final Report, Prepared for the British Columbia Ministry of Sustainable Resource Management, Prepared by the Tsay Keh Dene and D.M. Cultural Services Ltd.

2003 A Summary Report of the Tsay Keh Dene: Then & Now, Vanden Berg & Associates.

Tse Keh Nay 2006 Draft Notes on Oral History of Thutade and Amazay Lake.

Vanden Berg & Associates 2000 Kwadacha: Territory, Kin and Lifestyle, Prepared for BC Hydro and Kwadacha First Nation.

Van Stone, J.

1974 Athpaskan Adaptions: Hunters and Fishermen of the Subarctic Forests. Aldine Publishing Co., Chicago.

Youngman, P.M. (1975). Mammals of the Yukon Territory. National Museums of Canada. Publications in Zoology, No.10. National Museum of Natural Sciences.

192pp.

APPENDIX A: ETHNOBOTANICAL BACKGROUND OF THE SEKANI

Sekani people are known as hunters, and as with most hunting and gathering societies, researchers and historians have focused on their hunting methods, practices and beliefs. In part, this is because hunting is held in such high esteem. However, in most hunting societies, the role of plant foods is very important in maintaining the health and nutrition of its members. Aboriginal hunting peoples of the interior of northern British Columbia are no different and use plants for food, medicine, technology (MacKinnon 1999:7) and spiritual purposes. This use “was and is, selective, being neither random nor all-encompassing” (Peacock and Turner 1999:146) and was based on complex management strategies. For the Sekani “[p]lant foods were… an important element within the… diet” (Davis 1993:11). “The Sekani acquired much of this plant knowledge through animal observation as well as through cultural diffusion, and have passed this information on generationally until the present day” (Davis 1993:11). In fact, “the knowledge of particular plant species and their medicinal or other uses cannot really be separated from the larger knowledge systems that include the specific locations where plants have been traditionally harvested, certain seasons for harvest, and the belief systems (of which animals are key) that underlie the power and usefulness of the plants. Thus, it is important to realize that impacts to any one of these interrelated components are seen as impacting the whole” (Bannister 2006:42).

To date, very little research has been conducted to document Tse Keh Nay knowledge and use of plant foods. In 1993, Alison Davis, in cooperation with the the Tsay Keh Dene, Fletcher Challenge Canada, Finlay Forest Industries Ltd. and Ministry of Forests, conducted a study to begin to document this use, but little has been done since. Other sources are the plant books by MacKinnon and Pojar, but the information is limited. These books include a section on ethnobotany: a discussion of how First Nation peoples utilize plant resources. For the current project, time and resources do not allow for an in-depth study of ethnobotanical uses and knowledge of Tse Keh Nay people. For this reason, Davis’ 1993 report and MacKinnon and Pojar’s book, “Plants of Northern British Columbia,” are relied upon for the majority of information. Other information is taken from ethnobotanical studies conducted among Tse Keh Nay neighbours. All of this is supplemented by information gathered by researchers for this submission.

Traditional Resource Management

The Tse Keh Nay Dene were there, the Creator put us there with … all the other life forms. We are there to be the caretakers of this life. In return, we pass respect to every species that’s in our area…. Our laws met the ecosystem laws, and that’s the way we’ve guided ourselves in being the caretakers of that vast area that belongs to us and we’ve been that way since time immemorial.

(Tse Keh Nay 2006) With their close bond to the land, Sekani people managed the resources. As the quote above indicates, this management was based on the needs and best interests of the ecosystem.

According to Peacock and Turner (1999:134), “a growing body of ethnobotanical evidence from British Columbia… suggests indigenous peoples actively managed the resources of their environment to ensure a reliable, predictable supply of culturally significant plants….

Management decisions were not solely economic ones, but were embedded in social contexts and encoded in religious philosophies and oral traditions.” Some management strategies

employed by Sekani are summarized by Alison Davis in her 1993 report:

Like other Indigenous groups of British Columbia… the Sekani are aware of ecological variation within their environment (Turner, 1990). In order to ensure a relatively constant supply of subsistence foods, the Sekani adapted conservation measures to guarantee the sustainability of their resources. In addition, various methods of resource management were also employed, such as landscape burning, rotational harvesting, and careful harvesting techniques.

The ancient practice of landscape burning usually took place during the spring thaw when the brush was dry enough to burn, and the forests too humid to pose any real threats of a wild fire. When traveling through the region in 1924, Diamond Jenness observed that: “Along the riverbank and on burnt areas are many blueberries and Saskatoon berries…” (1937:2) 22. There are three main motives behind landscape burning: first, to enhance various human food plants 23 ; second, to create and/or intensify game animals’ foraging grounds;

third, to keep game animals at a close proximity to the village site (Hunn, 1990; Turner 1990; Cohen, 1989; J. Isaac, 1993). Francis Isaac remembers that his father-in-law, Thomas Toma, used to landscape burn: “How do you think they’re [past generations] going to live? If you don’t burn an area and create good grazing, the animals will just pass on through.” (F. Isaac, 1993) Another method of resource management is that of rotational harvesting. Jean Isaac states: “We have various gathering grounds because we like to rejuvenate the area we picked one year and [so we] let it rest the next [year].

This causes larger, better berry crops and also creates a richer top soil.” 24 When plant foods are harvested, care is taken to avoid damaging the plant and its surroundings. For example, digging sticks made from goat horn or Frank Swanell, a surveyor in Tse Keh Nay territory in the early 20th century noted a number of burns in the Thutade area. On a 1932 map attributed to Swanell, there are numerous areas marked as either “new burn” or “old burn.” Each of these is along a lake or riverbank, in a confined area. Although time did not permit research of Swanell’s journal, it is believed that these areas are sites managed and cultivated by Tse Keh Nay, confirming the practice of burning in resource management to the very recent past. Importantly, as Davis points out, these burn areas ensured that resources stayed close to where people were living. This further suggests that the Thutade area was well known and utilized by Tse Keh Nay.

One Elder interviewed for this study noted that as a child, she and her family picked berries “in the burned areas” in the vicinity of Amazay Lake (Tse Keh Nay 2006).

This statement is supported by Sandra Peacock and Nancy Turner (1999) who write: “It has always been puzzling to us that the most productive, prolific areas to find particular edible or useful plants, especially wild root vegetables, are invariable in those localities where they have been traditionally harvested in immense quantities. One might logically assume that such populations, having been intensively exploited, might show decline compared to places where they were not harvested, but this does not seem to be the case” (133) Later, they state “specific root digging beds, once harvested, were left to develop for a few ‘fallow’ years” (153).



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 8 | 9 || 11 | 12 |   ...   | 22 |


Similar works:

«Report No: 16-083 Meeting Date: April 27, 2016 Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District STAFF REPORT TO: AC Transit Board of Directors FROM: Michael A. Hursh, General Manager SUBJECT: New and Revised Classification Specifications BRIEFING ITEM RECOMMENDED ACTION(S): Consider adoption of Resolution No. 16-017 approving the new classification specification of Retirement System Analyst and the revised, upgraded and retitled classification specification of Director of Revenue Management (former title;...»

«Research Paper IJBARR Impact Factor: 3.853 EISSN -2347-856X Peer Reviewed, Listed & Indexed ISSN -2348-0653 AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF INDIAN STATE TOURISM DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL WEBSITE CONTENTS FOR THE PROMOTION OF FOOD TOURISM Dr. Goldi Puri* Mahesh Kumar** *Assistant Professor, Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, Maharshi Dayanand University, Haryana. **Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism & Hotel Management, Kurukshetra University, Haryana. Abstract Regional cuisine has always been...»

«Residents’ Handbook SAN FRANCISCO ZEN CENTER CITY CENTER RESIDENTS’ HANDBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS Welcome..3 Zendo Forms and Zen Practice..4 Some General Guidelines and Information.10 General Information for 366-70 Residents. Financial and Guest Information..20 Kitchen and Dining Room..22 Safety and Security..25 Stewardship of Assets and Environmental Responsibility.29 Practice Leadership and Senior Staff.31 Soto Zen and San Francisco Zen Center.33 Abbots and Abbesses of San Francisco Zen...»

«FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS STERILE COMPOUNDING PREPARATIONS AND STERILE DRUG PRODUCTS The Notice of Final Action for the regulations COMAR 10.34.19 Sterile Compounding Preparations and Sterile Drug Products was published in the Maryland Register on June 27, 2014 with an Effective Date of January 1, 2015. These regulations implement HB 986, State Board of Pharmacy Sterile Compounding Permits, 2013. Beginning January 1, 2015, any sterile compounding facility that performs sterile compounding for...»

«Schedule 10 LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS Nebraska Records Management Division 440 South 8 th Street, Suite 210 Lincoln, NE 68508 (402) 471-2559 INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING THIS SCHEDULE Records retention and disposition schedules are designed to serve as your records management guidelines for storing and disposing of records, regardless of the media on which they reside. Local Agencies General Records Schedule #24 contains those records common to most local government agencies. This schedule, along with...»

«herbicida sistemico herbicida sistemico Herbicidas Seracsa Katrin® 25 SL es un herbicida sistémico cuyo ingrediente activo es el imazapir, para el control de malezas gramíneas y de hoja ancha, Herbicidas, clasificación y uso | Agroterra Blog Un herbicida es un producto químico o no que se utiliza para inhibir o interrumpir el desarrollo de plantas indeseadas, también conocidas como malas Herbicida IQV Rumbo zonaagro.com Herbicida Sistemico Glifosato 360g/l Embalagens disponiveis: 1,...»

«Proving Innocence – Eugene Gilyard, Part 1: Convicting an Innocent Man Posted on September 24, 2013 by innocencepa Next month, we will present final arguments to a Philadelphia judge urging her to grant our client Eugene Gilyard’s petition for a new trial. We thought this a good time to explain how we investigated Eugene’s claims of innocence, found evidence that supports him, and what barriers we faced in getting him in to court. It’s a long story, and will take several posts to tell....»

«Social Science Information http://ssi.sagepub.com/ Hope in blasted landscapes S Eben Kirksey, Nicholas Shapiro and Maria Brodine Social Science Information 2013 52: 228 DOI: 10.1177/0539018413479468 The online version of this article can be found at: http://ssi.sagepub.com/content/52/2/228 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Maison des Sciences de l'Homme Additional services and information for Social Science Information can be found at: Email Alerts:...»

«IASC Foundation IASB Expert Advisory Panel Measuring and disclosing the fair value of financial instruments in markets that are no longer active October 2008 IASC Foundation IASB Expert Advisory Panel Measuring and disclosing the fair value of financial instruments in markets that are no longer active October 2008 This document is published by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), 30 Cannon IASC Foundation EC4M 6XH, United Kingdom. Street, London Tel: +44 (0)20 7246 6410 Fax: +44...»

«Instructivo elaboración de comunicaciones y documentación organizacional Vicerrectoría Administrativa y Financiera Instructivo para la elaboración de comunicaciones y documentación organizacional Vicerrectoría Administrativa y Financiera Dirección de Servicios Administrativos Sección Archivo y Correspondencia UNIVERSIDAD DEL NORTE Barranquilla Una publicación de © 2014, Fundación Universidad del Norte Dirección de Servicios Administrativos (Sección Archivo y Correspondencia)...»

«Cancer – Prevention and Treatment January 2012 Preventing Cancer Diet Page 2 Enzymes 56 Attitude 62 Exercise 64 Routine Checkups and Prevention 65 Prostate 67 Themography/Mammography 77 Colon and Rectal Cancer Diagnosis 95 Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis 98 Today's Alternative Cancer Treatments and Ongoing Research 107 Skin Cancer Detection 102 Removing Cancer Cells 111 Converting Cancer Cells to Normal Cells 113 Killing Cancer Cells 120 Enzymes 126 Preventing the Spread of Cancer Cells 133 Hormone...»

«Elijah BushWorking Paper; “The Ankara Conference on Peacebuilding & Conflict Resolution” Elijah Bush PhD Candidate ISS (Integrated Social Sciences) School of Humanities and Social Sciences Jacobs University Bremen Telephone: +49 421 200-5907 Fax: +49 421 200-3303 E-Mail: e.bush@jacobs-university.de Office: Campus Center, 4-300 Please do not quote without permission of the author. Comments and feedback welcome. Word Count: 6,634 Cultural Brokers & Syncretic Solutions: Lessons from Converts...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.