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«COOPERATION THEME 10 SECURITY (European Commission C(2007)5765 of 29 November 2007) FP 7 Cooperation Work Programme: Security This Work Programme ...»

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These must be addressed as an integral part of the research to ensure the highest level of scientific quality. Appropriate dissemination strategies should also make an integral part of the research. Many of the activities to be funded under this theme will make positive contributions to education and training and to raising general levels of awareness of the nature of the research undertaken and the benefits likely to accrue.

As this activity takes a threat and incident related approach only, it is complementary to the more general approach of Theme 8 Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities, Expected impact: Actions in this activity will provide improved insight and advice for security policy makers, security research programme makers and (mission oriented) security research performers. They do not generate general or specific knowledge about (in-)security, is reasons and consequences etc., but attain a broad and well-based understanding of the public administrative, cultural and societal framework in which security enhancing policy measures, including in particular security research, take place. In particular they effectuate in-depth understanding of the mutual dependency of technology, organisational dynamics, human factors, societal issues as well as related legal aspects. The outcome of the research together with appropriate dissemination strategies contribute to the effective and efficient planning and designing of future security research programmes and actions as well as to policies, programmes and initiatives which enhance the security of the European citizens.

The Security Research Call 1 calls for the following actions:

Area 6.1: Citizens and Society The security of the European citizens is at the core of the Security theme.

Research in this area will ensure that selected policies and technologies are responsive to the needs of the citizens, and that they create security approaches that are rooted and acceptable by society and citizens, with differing cultural backgrounds. It will contribute to taking into account the human factor, people’s behaviour, the interactions between citizens and authorities in security management or crisis situations and it will address radicalisation risks, terrorist behaviour and activity etc. Thus it will provide authorities as well as future technology related research with valuable information and recommendations to improve their performance.

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Topic SEC-2007-6.1-01 Understanding factors that cause citizens’ feeling of security and insecurity Technical content / scope: In order to devise effective and long term security strategies and policies, a clear view as to how society perceives security and insecurity is required. The task is to study the factors which determine society’s perception of security and/or insecurity and then to propose a method for implementation such that the results could guide and inform European and national policy formulation.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

Topic SEC-2007-6.1-02 Human behaviour before, during and after crisis situations to understand how people react to threat alerts and security instructions Technical content / scope: The task is to carry out research into improving the understanding of people’s behaviour in both crisis and ‘steady-state’ situations. The aim is to best tailor security related communication and instructions with a view to improving evacuation and protection activities. Actions will also address specific needs and appropriate timing with respect to people from differing faith, religious and cultural backgrounds from the survivors, casualties, deceased victims and bereaved families to workers, first responders and affected communities.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

Topic SEC-2007-6.1-03 Communication strategies of public authorities (including media strategies) before, during and after crises concerning risks, security threats and measures Technical content / scope: In the case of crises, citizens are more likely to take coherent, correct and timely action if governments have the ability to communicate risk, threats and security measures in a focussed and optimised way. The task is to develop appropriate communication strategies in particular for public authorities and the media, taking into account all phases of a security incident and considering the influence of differing faith, religious and cultural backgrounds from the survivors, casualties, deceased victims and bereaved families to workers, first responders and affected communities.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

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Area 6.2: Understanding organisational structures and cultures of public users An objective European joint security capability to handle security matters has to be based upon the resources and mandates of the Member States and Associated Countries.

The distinct national systems must be interoperable, scaleable and allow for mobility where appropriate.





Research under this area will regard the organisational structures, behavioural and cultural issues of end user organisations in order to ensure applicability, user friendliness and affordability of security technologies and solutions. It will also improve applicability concerning political accountability and democratic control aspects of public services within the security arena.

Topic SEC-2007-6.2-01 Behavioural, organisational and cultural issues to understand public user needs including those for joint European action Technical content / scope: The tasks are (a) to assess the specific needs of private and public end users with a view to applicability, user friendliness and affordability of the results of the security research results of the 7th Framework Programme; (b) to carry out research into the organisational structures and distinct cultures of the numerous, complex and diverse public user organisations in order to successfully integrate them into research and development of security technologies; (c) analysing the consequences on the political, institutional, organisational and human elements underpinning technology based security policies and programs.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

Topic SEC-2007-6.2-02 Inventories of existing national resources, institutional mandates and practices across relevant sectors Technical content / scope: The task is to address the need for general/operational interoperability, scalability and where appropriate mobility of the Member States’ and Associated States’ distinct national systems, in order to achieve an effective joint European capability to handle civil security issues. This will include in particular institutional design and issues concerning conflicting/complementary mandates and resources/best practices, in order to achieve better European connectivity between the existing national systems. The research should take into account behavioural, organisational and cultural issues that can have an impact on the effectiveness of public users, in particular linguistic barriers or stovepipe sectoral approaches.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

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Area 6.3: Foresight, scenarios and security as an evolving concept The security domain is ‘by definition’ one with broad uncertainty even within the most nearsighted time horizon; foresight studies and scenario building techniques are therefore very much needed for all missions.

Research under this area will improve our understanding of novel threats as well as technological opportunities and emerging security related ethical, cultural and organisational challenges. It will help authorities to assess investment alternatives for prevention or preparedness and to make the appropriate trade-offs between security and other societal objectives such as the right to privacy and social cohesion.

Topic SEC-2007-6.3-01 Research in broad societal foresight to capture new and emerging threats as well as other aspects of security as an evolving concept (e.g. ethical and economic aspects) Technical content / scope: The tasks are (a) to use foresight methods to address novel threats and technological opportunities and also emerging security related ethical, cultural and organisational challenges; (b) to apply scenario building techniques for systemic risk analysis as well as to inspire public debate and to foster shared understanding and self-organisation among stakeholders; (c) to address security as an evolving concept with a view to integrating diverse strands of research work and results in order to guide, orientate and structure future security related research activities.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

Topic SEC-2007-6.3-02 Research on rigorous methodologies for assessment of security investments and trade-off between security and other societal objectives (e.g. privacy and social cohesion) Technical content / scope: The task is to develop foresight based methodologies for the rigorous assessment of investment alternatives, intended to prevent or mitigate insecurities with uncertain and potentially catastrophic ramifications. Both financial costs as well as the trade-off between security and other societal objectives, such as the right to privacy and social cohesion, should be addressed.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

Area 6.4: Security Economics

Security economics is the analysis of aggregate risks facing society and economy using rigorous analytical and empirical tools of economics, which should be regarded in particular with reference to the Lisbon agenda. Policy makers may tend to take imperfect security decisions (e.g. regulations) based on a public perception of (in)security, with an impact to market structures. A singular focus on security or competitiveness would be too narrow;

research under this area will offer key insights that will contribute to balancing security and

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the overall policy objectives. Economic theory in particular can offer key insights, enabling governments to optimise their efforts to enhance security and growth.

Topic SEC-2007-6.4-01 Research survey on the emerging field of European security economics research to provide an analytical framework for complementary research Technical content / scope: The task is to study (a) the fields to be covered under “European security economics”, (b) ongoing research activities and open issues as well as (c) the relevant European players active in these fields in order to build up a European capacity for economic analysis and for policy making and with a view to establishing a security economics network.

This might include topics such as indicators for the level of factual security as well as the security related impact of political measures, financial indicators relevant for security, effects of (in)security on individuals, firms and transaction costs between sectors of the economy, approaches to policy evaluation with respect to security issues (e.g. using natural or social experiments to isolate the effects of interventions).

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at coordinating and supporting research activities).

Topic SEC-2007-6.4-02 European Security Indicator: methodological research to provide a few select indicators of security and security policy in Europe measuring the effects of both insecurity and security policies on the economy

Technical content / scope:

The task is to develop a set of indicators that together could serve as ‘European Security Indicator’. Both the level of factual security as well as the security related impact of political measures should be addressed, with a view to achieving an objective reference instead of relying on (in)security as perceived by public opinion. This will include an assessment of the economic implications of both insecurity and of the implementation of security policies. It will also assess potential changes in market structures that might be initiated by regulatory measures which aim at stimulating “secure growth” and thus stimulate industries to provide security-enhancing products or services. Eventually it will take into account changes in criminality and assess crime risks.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

Topic SEC-2007-6.4-03 Public finance: Studying the scale, function and roles of various types of government security spending across Europe and time.

Technical content / scope: The task is to develop econometric models that together provide an insight into the scale, scope and direction of public investments in security. Such scaleable models, capable of accommodating national as well as European perspectives, should combine the outcomes of various forms of threat and gap analysis to establish the historical effectiveness of public investments in security and provide guidance as to improving both the efficiency and effectiveness of future investments.

Call: Security Research Call 1 Funding scheme(s): Collaborative project and Coordination and support action (aiming at supporting research activities).

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Area 6.5: Ethics and justice Security technologies and policies raise various ethical and legal concerns, which influence public support and acceptance.



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