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«Edited by Govindjee Urbana, Illinois, USA and Shyam Lal Srivastava Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India i The Cover A photograph of Krishnaji (Dada), 1980 ...»

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Our industrialists normally will not undertake a venture of making instruments which may be used in very small numbers; the only place where instruments can be used in large numbers is the industries themselves, and this forms a vicious circle. This is another direction where the Government agencies could and should have come to our help. I think a very large part of the National Physical Laboratory, the Central Electronic Engineering Research Institute should have engaged themselves in designing and making on small scale, high quality instruments needed for research. I mention NPL and CEERI only, because most of the instruments used today are either optical or electronic.

We must therefore stop depending on imported instruments and start developing our instruments in right earnest. We must create an awareness in the industries regarding the benefits of using and making instruments; in the meanwhile the Government organizations should take up the work seriously.

One sometimes really wonders how small countries like Japan and Western Germany which were completely devastated during the last war and whose brilliant men were taken away to either USA or Soviet Union, have within a short interval risen up in the field of research so well. (In technology they are competing with USA and USSR in many fields). The theoretical Physics School of Japan led by Yukawa and the group at Gottingen, Germany, to mention a few examples, enjoy the highest international reputation. The fact that Indians do not lack intelligence or stamina for sustained work, has been proven beyond doubt. One only fails to understand why Chandrasekher, Harish Chandra, Salam, Bose, Sidhu, Gupta and Khurana to mention just a few names are not leading active schools of research in India. I do not think it is the American or English money only, which is keeping them there. Even if it was so, it would have been better for us, to pay them well and let them create schools of active research in India which may breed not only high quality research but properly trained research personnel, rather than spend crores of rupees in building a large number of palatial buildings where half the money goes into the pockets of clever contractors and their supervisors.

I have not expressed these thoughts, from the narrow nationalistic viewpoint but have done so in true international sense. It is obvious that if the world has to progress, every part of the world must progress equally. Any part of the body, however small and insignificant, can not be left in a diseased state, otherwise the body will look deformed though it may be developed otherwise. I have tried to make an honest diagnosis of the internal diseases which are eating into the vitals of scientific research in India. I hope people will realize that the multipurpose food in the shape of crores of rupees cannot be digested by the diseased body of scientific research development unless steps are taken to cure the diseases.

Published by Hemendra Nath Saha, Assistant Secretary, on behalf of the Indian Science News Association, 92, Acharya P.C. Road, Calcutta, and printed by Kalipada Mukherjee at Eka Press, 204/1, B.

T. Road, Calcutta 35.

Retirement Celebration of Professor Krishnaji on January 12, 1982 After an illustrious academic career, Professor Krishnaji retired (superannuated) from the University of Allahabad (Allahabad, UP, India) on January 12, 1982, just when he had turned 60. He had served the University as a Professor and Head of the Physics Department, as Dean of the Faculty of Science and the Pro-Vice Chancellor of the University of Allahabad.

Students, teachers and staff of the Physics Department had organized a function in the Library Hall of the Department to make this day a memorable one for all his admirers. Professor Udit Narain Singh, the then Vice-Chancellor of the University chaired the function.

Many senior teachers of the Faculty of Science such as its Dean (Professor Harish Chandra Khare), Head of the Physics Department (Professor Vachaspati) and Head of the Zoology Department (Professor Uma Shankar Srivastava) participated in the program. On invitations of the organizers (Pradip Kumar and Vinod Prakash) many students of Professor Krishnaji came from all over India for the occasion : Ramji Srivastava from Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, Nabin Kumar Narain from the National Institute of Technology, Jamshedpur, Bihar (now in Jharkhand); Suresh Chandra from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, UP; Dina Nath from Feroz Gandhi Post Graduate College, Rae Bareli, UP; and Gajendra Kumar Johri from DAV College, Kanpur, UP. The Library Hall was so full that many teachers and staff members could not even get a place to stand. The organizers then realized that this function should have been held in a bigger Hall such as the Vizainagram Hall, but it was too late.

Vice-Chancellor Professor Udit Narain Singh honoured Professor Krishanji by garlanding him and offering him a shawl on behalf of the University; later many teachers, students and the staff members offered garlands and recalled their associations with Professor Krishanji, a great human being, helping each and every one when it was most needed.

Many speakers recalled Krishnaji’s teaching methodology hypnotizing the audience, and spreading an aura of awe and reverence (see Arvind Mohan, Chapter 4, Part A of this book); others praised him for his institution building abilities; they gave examples of the Microwave Research Lab of the Physics Department, and of the J.K.

Institute of Applied Physics and Technology. His love to promote the science in Hindi as President of Vigyan Parishad, and his contributions to the National Academy of Sciences, India in various capacities making it a vibrant scientific society were also praised. A citation was prepared by the organizers with the help of Professor Manas Mukul Das of the English Department of the University; it was read by Dr. Chandra Mohan Bhandari, a teacher of the Physics Department, and a former student of Professor Krishanji. It is reproduced below.

Citation Professor Krishnaji On the eve of your retirement from the University of Allahabad, we offer our homage and felicitations to you. As a great teacher, you bestowed on us your deep affection and love, revealed to us the intricacies of Physics, and through the example of your selfless dedication, imparted to us a love for learning and for the disciplined toil it involves. What we are today, we are because of you. You taught us not merely a subject, but a way of life.

The glorious traditions of this department nurtured by Professors Megh Nad Saha, K.S. Krishnan, S.R. Bhargava and Kedareshwar Banerjee were preserved and furthered by you from August 9, 1945 through January 12, 1982. The vision and ideal of national development, that inspired the work of Professor Saha, was carried forward and bequeathed to us by you. Proceeding on his footsteps you developed indigenous instruments with Indian know-how and with your able guidance in the field of microwaves and of molecular interactions, led numerous research scholars in pioneering work. In the true spirit of the moto – ‘Quot Rami Tot Arbores’ – of your Alma Mater, your inspiration enabled your students to develop an institution of their own.

In recognition of your contribution to the cause of science teaching and outstanding experimental research, the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, honoured you by a National Fellowship and by the Sir C.V. Raman Award (1976) of Hari Om Trust.

Of late, through sustained and untiring efforts, you have injected new life into the National Academy of Sciences, India, established in 1930 by such eminent scientists as Professors Megh Nad Saha and Neel Ratan Dhar.

As we pay our homage to you, we seek your Ashirvad. May we be able to protect the traditions of which you were a custodian? May we be able to dedicate ourselves to the task that was so dear to you?

We pray, may you long be with us and guide us in making the department of Physics, University of Allahabad a still more glorious home of learning.

January 12, 1982 Students and Members (Department of Physics) (University of Allahabad).

Professor Krishnaji thanked all those present on the occasion for organizing the function, blessed them and bade good bye promising to keep serving his Alma Mater the way he can even in the future.

His graduate students, those present in Allahabad and also those who came from all over India, met Professor Krishnaji on his 60th birthday on the 13th January 1982 in an informal get-together and a photograph on that occasion is shown in Part C of this book (Figure 5, p. 164).

Seventieth Birthday Celebration of Professor Krishnaji: 1992 The Advisory Committee of the Seventh National Seminar on Ferroelectrics & Dielectrics (VII-NSFD) decided to honor Professor Krishnaji (born 1922), the Doyen of Research on Dielectrics in India, on his 70th birthday for his pioneering contributions in the field of Dielectrics.

This seminar was held at Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna University, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, on October 3-5, 1992. The number of participants at Garhwal from outside the host University was more than 100. Amongst his students, Suresh Chandra from the Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi, UP; Abhai Mansingh of the Delhi University; Ashoka Chandra from the Department of Electronics, Government of India; Shyam Lal Srivastava from the University of Allahabad, UP; and Janardan Singh from the National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi were present on the occasion. The convener of VII-NSFD was Dr. B.S. Semwal, Professor of Physics at Srinagar;

he had been a former MSc student of Professor Krishanji at the University of Allahabad.

At the time of this celebration, Professor Krishnaji was the Science Advisor to Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. He along with his wife Shrimati Bimla Asthana came to Srinagar, Garhwal in a car from Maharishi Nagar, Noida and reached there in the evening of October 2, 1992 (coincidentally, October 2 is the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Indian Nation).

After the formal inauguration of the seminar on the 3rd of October, 1992, the session was dedicated to honor the Doyen of Dielectrics Research in India, Professor Krishnaji. The function started with the traditional ceremony of presentation of the shawl and bouquets to Professor Krishnaji and his wife. The participants of the conference and the students of Professor Krishnaji shared their experiences with him as a teacher and a research guide par excellence. He had helped several research groups and individuals in remote places, of India, in establishing their microwave experiments for dielectric measurements*. He had made available the facilities of the Microwave Laboratory at the University of Allahabad to research workers from different parts of the country. Several speakers praised Professor Krishnaji for training graduate students such that after their doctorate degrees, they established their own independent research laboratories at their institutions. The list of places included: Solid State Physics Laboratory (SPL), Delhi; University of Delhi; Banaras Hindu University; Gorakhpur University; Ravi Shankar University, Raipur; Jiwaji University, Gwalior; Meerut University; and Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar. The tradition of high quality research at the University of Allahabad had been maintained at all these institutions. The session ended with the remarks of Professor Krishnaji that “A teacher could not expect any thing better”, moved every one.

On the 5th of October 1992, participants of NSFD went to Badri Nath Dham, Garhwal, and in the evening a concluding session (an open house) was held in a guest house there. Professor Krishnaji chaired this session. He gave his opinion on various issues raised in this open session; he advised the participants to collaborate in this field of interdisciplinary research lest the individual efforts wither out by duplication.

The session continued till late in the evening (10 p.m.). It was very cold in Badri Nath. Professor Krishanji became unwell that night and needed medical help, which was immediately made available to him. He felt normal in the morning and all the delegates returned to Srinagar. Abhai Mansing and his wife Kalpana and Shyam Lal Srivastava accompanied Krishnaji to New Delhi in the same car on the 6th of October 1992.

Professor Ganesh Prasad Srivastava decided to publish a book commemorating the Seventieth birthday of Professor Krishnaji and approached scientists in the field of microwaves to contribute articles in their own areas of research. He received spontaneous positive response and the book “Recent Advances in Microwaves” edited by Ganesh Prasad Srivastava, was published by Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi. This book was released at the National Symposium on Advances in Microwaves, held at Delhi University on March 1-2,

1993. This symposium was also organized to honor Professor Krishnaji for his pioneering research in the field of Microwaves as early as in 1950 in India and with indigenous skill (see Chapters 8 and 13, Part A of this book). This symposium was held only 3 weeks after the sad demise of Sri Raj Ranjan, younger son of Professor Krishnaji on 7th February 1993 in a car accident. Even after such a terrible personal tragedy, Professor Krishnaji did not disappoint the organizers and participated in the symposium, released the book and addressed the delegates; his calmness and poise was exemplary. (see Chapter 14, Part A, this book).

We consider it important to recognize the contributors (and contributions) of the book “Recent Advances in Microwaves”, mentioned above as they reflect the impact of Prof. Krishnaji on this

field in India. The contributors (and their contributions) were:

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