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Who makes the decisions? Olympia, WA: The Evergreen State College.
Runyan, R. C. (2006), Small business in the face of crisis: Identifying barriers to recovery from a natural disaster. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 14: 12-26.
Szmanski, J. (2007), Businesses weigh whether to rebuild of leave Centralia. The Olympian, December 12.
Tierney, K. J. (1997), Business impacts of the Northridge earthquake. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management 5 (2): 87-97.
Vale, L. J., and T.J. Campanella, eds. 2004. The resilient city: How modern cities recover from disasters.
Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Washington State Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development, Washington State Employment Security, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries and, Washington State Department of Revenue. 2007. Small business survival: A joint report to the governor.
Yoshida, K., and R.E. Deyle, R. E. 2005. Determinants of small business hazard mitigation. Natural Hazards Review 6 (1): 1-12.
GCBF ♦ Vol. 11 ♦ No. 1 ♦ 2016 ♦ ISSN 1941-9589 ONLINE & ISSN 2168-0612 USB Flash Drive 500 Global Conference on Business and Finance Proceedings ♦ Volume 11 ♦ Number 1
RESEARCH PARTNERSSelecting a Partner
1. There are advantages to working on your own.
2. Select someone with the right characteristics a. Hard Worker b. Willing to do their share of the work c. Someone with time to conduct research d. Intelligent e. Mutual Interests f. Cooperative g. Likely to reciprocate
3. Good research partners are hard to find. Don’t abuse a good research partner.
Working with a Partner
1. Start only one paper at a time with a new research partner.
2. Be patient with your research partner. They have a life and due to births, illnesses and other life events, they may not be on your schedule.
3. Recognize on some projects you will do most of the work. On others, your partner may do most of the work.
4. Use caution when selecting one of the professors from your Ph.D. program as a research partner.
How Many Authors on a Paper?
1. Two or three authors are good.
2. Four authors is not good but can be ok.
3. More than four authors looks bad.
WRITING YOUR MANUSCRIPTWriting your Manuscript
1. Use only Microsoft Word to type your document.
2. Using free Word clones causes significant problems in the publication process.
3. Files created in another program and copied or saved as a Microsoft Word file cause significant problems in the publication process.
4. Unless the journal specifically requests otherwise, use the standard Microsoft Word equation editor.
5. Use only Microsoft spreadsheets and Microsoft
6. drawing programs.
7. Back up your files on a daily basis.
GCBF ♦ Vol. 11 ♦ No. 1 ♦ 2016 ♦ ISSN 1941-9589 ONLINE & ISSN 2168-0612 USB Flash Drive 501 Global Conference on Business and Finance Proceedings ♦ Volume 11 ♦ Number 1 Organizing your paper
4. Literature Review
5. Data and Methodology
7. Concluding Comments Title
1. Descriptive and no more than 15 words.
2. Write a strong title
3. Think about what will look good on your vita.
1. General Introduction to your paper
2. The goal is to precisely communicate to the reader what the paper is about.
3. Not more than 200 words
4. Do not use acronyms
5. Generally do not cite other papers in the abstract Introduction
1. A brief introduction to the problem being addressed.
2. Include some summary statistics of the magnitude of the problem.
3. One paragraph discussion of the general state of the literature.
4. What you are going to do in the paper to advance the literature.
5. A few lines indicating how the remainder of the document is organized.
1. As a general rule do not cite magazines.
2. Use scholar.google.com
3. Narrow your literature review down to those articles that directly relate to the issue you are addressing in your paper.
4. Make sure that everything that you cite in the text is included in your reference section.
5. Make sure that everything you reference is cited in the body of the text.
Data and Methodology
1. Where the data was obtained from?
2. Time period covered in the analysis?
3. Frequency of the data observations?
4. Variables that the data were collected for?
5. Summary statistics.
6. Hypotheses that are being tested.
7. For regressions, specify the equation being estimated in the text of the document.
8. For Surveys indicate a. Questions included in your survey? (Consider including the survey instrument as an appendix to the paper) b. When was the survey conducted?
GCBF ♦ Vol. 11 ♦ No. 1 ♦ 2016 ♦ ISSN 1941-9589 ONLINE & ISSN 2168-0612 USB Flash Drive 502 Global Conference on Business and Finance Proceedings ♦ Volume 11 ♦ Number 1 c. Where was the survey conducted?
d. What was the response rate?
e. What are the total number of usable observations?
f. Did you receive human subject research permission from your University?
1. Make sure to introduce each table and figure you present in the text of your document.
2. Walk the reader through the results.
3. Select an observation in your table and explain that observation to the reader.
4. Incorporate data into MS Word tables.
5. Segregate your data when possible to get additional results, a. by gender, age, country, region, year, industry, before and after a crises.
1. Don’t create small one or two line tables.
2. Include information directly in the document text.
3. Combine several small tables into a single table with multiple panels.
4. Do not use exponential notation (3.2E-5).
5. Display appropriate precision a. 0.0021, 1.134, 10.22, 100.6, 1,049.1, 10,432 Table Description
1. Make sure to include a 3-6 line description below your tables. The reader should be able to understand what is contained in the table without referring back to the text of the document.
2. This description is not to replace the discussion in the text, but to supplement the discussion in the text.
3. Redundancy is ok in this case.
4. Example of Table Description This table shows the results of the regressions on CEO compensation using data from 2004.
The estimated equation is: CEO Compensation=a + b1(CEO age) + b2(years with company). The first figure in each cell is the regression coefficient. The second figure in each cell is the t-statistic. ***, ** and * indicate significance at the 1, 5, and 10 percent levels respectively.
1. Reiterate the goal of your paper.
2. Briefly describe the test methodology and data.
3. Briefly summarize your major findings.
4. Discus how managers might benefit from the results.
5. Discuss any limitations of your work.
6. Provide suggestions for future research.
1. Do acknowledge anyone that has helped you with the paper.
Colleagues, Administrators, Funding Agencies, Assistants, Reviewers, Editors.
It is a nice courtesy to the reviewers and editor.
2. It subtly communicates to colleagues the journal is peer reviewed.
3. Few people will be insulted if you acknowledge them but should not have.
4. Many will be insulted if you do not acknowledge them but should have.
5. Acknowledgments-Make sure to indicate that any remaining errors are the authors responsibility.
6. If someone has contributed substantially to your paper consider making them a co-author on the paper rather than just acknowledging them.
GCBF ♦ Vol. 11 ♦ No. 1 ♦ 2016 ♦ ISSN 1941-9589 ONLINE & ISSN 2168-0612 USB Flash Drive 503 Global Conference on Business and Finance Proceedings ♦ Volume 11 ♦ Number 1 Biography
1. Your biography should indicate your employer, your publication history, contact information and any other important information.
Tom Tetertall, Ph.D. is Professor of Management at the University of East Hawaii. He is also an arbitrator for the Human Ethics Commission. His research appears in journals that include: Diversity Review, Management Styles, and Latino Business Review. He can be contacted at: University of East Hawaii, COB, 400 W. 2nd St., Kauai Hawaii, 96333, USA, email: tomt@NHI.edu.
2. Do not make your biography excessively detailed.
1. Editors are looking for papers that are high quality. But they also look for papers that will not add an excessive burden to their work load.
2. They look for authors that will be pleasant to work with on revisions and in the publication process.
3. A properly formatted and written paper communicates to the editor that you will be pleasant to work with, thereby increasing your chance of publication.
4. Check the journal style guidelines to make sure you have the paper formatted properly.
5. Be sure figures and tables are editable in Word
6. Anything created or imported as an image is problematic.
7. Anything that is scanned needs to be recreated.
8. Make sure that figures and tables are legible.
9. If you are unable to edit it in MS Word it should be recreated.
10. When copying from Excel into word make sure to use the “Paste Special”, “Paste as Chart” Command so it can be edited in MS Word.
11. Avoid one-sentence paragraphs.
12. Avoid one-paragraph sections.
13. If you have subsections underneath a main section, start the main section by indicating how the subsections are laid out.
14. Bullet lists do not appear well in journals.
a. Longer lists should be placed in a table. Then reference the table in the text of the document.
b. Shorter lists should be incorporated directly into the text.
15. Make sure your references are formatted according to journal guidelines.
16. Do not use text boxes
17. Do not use section breaks.
18. Do not use text levels
1. Use the grammar checker in MS Word.
2. Use an advanced writing editor:
a. Stylewriter ** b. Whitesmoke.
3. Write in third person active voice when possible.
4. Give it to a friend to read.
WORKING WITH THE EDITORSubmissions
1. Leave your document set for 1-2 weeks between completion and submission. Give the document GCBF ♦ Vol. 11 ♦ No. 1 ♦ 2016 ♦ ISSN 1941-9589 ONLINE & ISSN 2168-0612 USB Flash Drive 504 Global Conference on Business and Finance Proceedings ♦ Volume 11 ♦ Number 1 a final read before submission.
2. Indicate in your submission correspondence that the paper is not under review elsewhere and has not been published elsewhere.
3. Never EVER submit a document to two journals simultaneously.
1. Don’t ask the editor every week for a status update. (every 2-3 months is sufficient)
2. If you are close to a tenure or promotion decision, do let the editor know. Editors are human and will commonly try to get the review completed prior to the promotion decision date.
3. Use submission numbers in all correspondences.
4. Be courteous when corresponding with the editor.
5. Publishing is to a certain degree political. Be willing to review papers for the journal.
1. Our industry is small. Editors remember if you were especially easy or especially hard to work with.
2. Your reputation is very important, so make sure you leave the best possible impression, even if your paper is rejected.
1. After 3 months, ask if there is any additional information you can provide.
2. After 6 and 9 months request that the editor send a reminder to the reviewers.
3. After 1 year send the editor a status check email.
4. After one year and two weeks, if the editor has not responded, send them a letter withdrawing your paper from publication consideration and try elsewhere.
REVIEWER AND EDITOR COMMENTS
1. Respond to revise and resubmit requests as quickly as possible, but take sufficient time to complete the requested changes.
2. Set the revised manuscript down for a week and reread the paper before submitting it.
3. Do not send the exact same version back to the editor without having addressed the concerns of the reviewers.
4. Do not respond rudely.
5. Prepare a document that indicates how you have addressed each of the reviewers concerns.
6. Your document should review each change that the reviewer has requested and your response to each request individually.
Reviewer Comment: In your data section please indicate the number of observations.
7. In the event that you are not able to address a reviewers concern. Explain carefully why you are not making the changes, and request the reviewers understanding. Acknowledge the issue in the paper and note it as a limitation, or area for future research.
1. Make sure to read the page proofs carefully.
2. Pay any fees due. Publishing is expensive, but it is a necessary evil. You have invested a great deal of your time in the research, the publication fee is a small part of your total investment in the project.
3. Expect some time between acceptance and publication.