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«Test-task validation has been an important strand in recent revision projects for University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES) ...»

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52 Validating speaking-test tasks Appendix 1 Items included in initial draft checklists (with short gloss)

–  –  –

Participants Make excuses Terminate Conversational repair Summarize Complain Paraphrase Persuade Change topic Challenge Qualify Ask for info Suggest Narrate Reciprocate Analyse Elaborate Initiate Provide nonpersonal information Explain Justify opinions Negotiate meaning Decide (Dis) agree Justify/Support Ask for opinions Express preferences Speculate Compare Barry O’Sullivan, Cyril J. Weir and Nick Saville Provide nonpersonal information Express opinion 54 Validating speaking-test tasks Appendix 3 Operational checklist (used in Phase 3)

–  –  –

Notes: The gures indicate the number of students that complete the task in each case. L: Little agreement; S: Some agreement; G: Good aggreement. For Tasks 3 and 4 in the rst tape observed, the maximum was 9; for all others the maximum was 12. This is because 3 of the 12 MA students did not complete the task for these last 2 tasks. This was not a problem during the observation of the second tape, so for all the maximum gures are 12.

56 Validating speaking-test tasks Appendix 5 Transcript results and observation checklist results

–  –  –

Notes: T indicates that this function has been identi ed as occurring in the transcript of the interaction. L, S and G indicate the degree of agreement among the raters using the checklists in real time (L: Little agreement; S: Some agreement; G: Good agreement).



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