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«PROFESSIONAL USER GUIDE © 2007 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved. Copyright Adobe® After Effects® CS3 User Guide for Windows® and ...»

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Defringe Desaturates colored fringing around specular highlights. Choose All Edges to correct color fringing for all edges, including any sharp change in color values. If choosing All Edges results in thin grey lines near edges or other AFTER EFFECTS CS3 101 User Guide unwanted effects, choose Highlight Edges to correct color fringing only in edges of highlighting, where fringing is most likely to occur. Choose Off to turn off defringing.

Look at the preview image as you move each slider left or right. If you’re adjusting red/cyan color fringing, hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) to hide the blue/yellow color fringing. Similarly, hold down Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) while adjusting the blue/yellow color fringing to hide the red/cyan color fringing. The goal is to reduce the color fringing as much as possible.

Compensate for lens vignetting in Camera Raw Vignetting is a lens defect that causes the edges, especially the corners, of an image to be darker than the center. Use controls in the Lens Vignetting section of the Lens Correction tab to compensate for vignetting.

1 Increase Amount to lighten the corners, or decrease Amount to darken them.

2 Decrease Midpoint to apply the adjustment to a larger area away from the corners, or increase Midpoint to restrict the adjustment to an area closer to the corners.

Modifying images with Camera Raw Rotate images with Camera Raw

• Click the Rotate Image 90˚ Counterclockwise button (or press L).

• Click the Rotate Image 90˚ Clockwise button (or press R).

Note: Using commands in the Edit menu, you can also rotate images in Adobe Bridge without opening the Camera Raw dialog box.

Straighten images in Camera Raw 1 In the Camera Raw dialog box, select the Straighten tool.

2 Drag the Straighten tool in the preview image to establish what’s horizontal or vertical.

Note: The Crop tool is active immediately after you use the Straighten tool.

–  –  –

Remove red-eye in Camera Raw 1 Zoom the image in to at least 100%.

2 In the Toolbar, select the Red Eye Removal tool.

3 Drag a selection in the photo around the red eye.

Camera Raw sizes the selection to match the pupil. You can adjust the size of the selection by dragging its edges.

4 Drag the Pupil Size slider on the toolbar to the right to increase the size of the area corrected.

5 Drag the Darken slider to the right to darken the pupil area within the selection and the iris area outside the selection.

Deselect Show Overlay to turn off the selection and check your correction.

Note: Move between multiple selected red eye areas by clicking the selection.

Retouch images in Camera Raw The Retouch tool lets you repair a selected area of an image with a sample from another area.

1 Select the Retouch tool from the toolbar.

2 Select one of the following from the Type menu:

Heal Matches the texture, lighting, and shading of the sampled area to the selected area.

Clone Applies the sampled area of the image to the selected area.

3 (Optional) In the toolbar, drag the Radius slider to specify the size of the area that the Retouch tool affects.

4 Move the Retouch tool into the photo and click the part of the photo to retouch. A red and white dashed circle appears over the selected area. The green and white dashed circle designates the sampled area of the photo used to clone or heal.

5 Do any of the following:

• To specify the sampled area, drag inside the green and white circle to move it to another area of the image.

• To specify the selected area being cloned or healed, drag inside the red and white circle.

• To adjust the size of the circles, move the pointer over the edge of either circle until it changes to a double-pointing arrow, and then drag to make both circles larger or smaller.

• To cancel the operation, press Backspace (Windows) or Delete (Mac OS).

Repeat this procedure for each area of the image that needs retouching. To remove all sample areas and start over, click the Clear All button in the Toolbar.

–  –  –

2 In the Detail tab, adjust any of these controls:

Amount Adjusts edge definition. Increase the Amount value to increase sharpening. A value of zero (0) turns off sharpening. In general, set Amount to a lower value for cleaner images. The adjustment is a variation of Unsharp Mask, which locates pixels that differ from surrounding pixels based on the threshold you specify and increases the pixels’ contrast by the amount you specify. When opening a camera raw image file, the Camera Raw plug-in calculates the threshold to use based on camera model, ISO, and exposure compensation.

Radius Adjusts the size of the details that sharpening is applied to. Photos with very fine details may need a lower setting. Photos with larger details may be able to use a larger radius. Using too large a radius generally results in unnatural-looking results.

Detail Adjusts how much high-frequency information is sharpened in the image and how much the sharpening process emphasizes edges. Lower settings primarily sharpen edges to remove blurring. Higher values are useful for making the textures in the image more pronounced.

Masking Controls an edge mask. With a setting of zero (0), everything in the image receives the same amount of sharpening. With a setting of 100, sharpening is mostly restricted to those areas near the strongest edges. Press Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) while dragging this slider to see the areas to be sharpened (white) versus the areas masked out (black).

Reducing noise in Camera Raw The Noise Reduction section of the Detail tab has controls for reducing image noise, the extraneous visible artifacts that degrade image quality. Image noise includes luminance (grayscale) noise, which makes an image look grainy, and chroma (color) noise, which is usually visible as colored artifacts in the image. Photos taken with high ISO speeds or less-sophisticated digital cameras can have noticeable noise.

The Luminance control reduces grayscale noise, and the Color control reduces chroma noise. Moving a slider to zero turns off noise reduction.

When making Luminance Smoothing or Color Noise Reduction adjustments, first zoom in on the preview image to at least 100% to see the noise reduction previewed.

–  –  –

Camera Raw settings Save, reset, and load Camera Raw settings You can reuse the adjustments that you’ve made to an image. You can save all of the current Camera Raw image settings, or any subset of them, as a preset or as a new set of defaults. The default settings apply to a specific camera model, a specific camera serial number, or a specific ISO setting, depending on the settings in the Default Image Settings section of the Camera Raw preferences.

Presets appear by name in the Presets tab, in the Edit Develop Settings menu in Adobe Bridge, in the context menu for camera raw images in Adobe Bridge, and in the Apply Presets submenu of the Camera Raw Settings menu in the Camera Raw dialog box. Presets are not listed in these locations if you don’t save them to the Camera Raw settings folder. However, you can use the Load Settings command to browse for and apply settings saved elsewhere.

You can save and delete presets using the buttons at the bottom of the Presets tab.

❖ Click the Camera Raw Settings menu button, and choose a command from the menu:

Save Settings Saves the current settings as a preset. Choose which settings to save in the preset, and then name and save the preset.

Save New Camera Raw Defaults Saves the current settings as the new default settings for other images taken with the same camera, with the same camera model, or with the same ISO setting. Select the appropriate options in the Default Image Settings section of the Camera Raw preferences to specify whether to associate the defaults with a specific camera’s serial number or with an ISO setting.

Reset Camera Raw Defaults Restores the original default settings for the current camera, camera model, or ISO setting.

Load Settings Opens the Load Raw Conversion Settings dialog box, in which you browse to the settings file, select it, and then click Load.

Specify where Camera Raw settings are stored Choose a preference to specify where the settings are stored. The XMP files are useful if you plan to move or store the image files and want to retain the camera raw settings. You can use the Export Settings command to copy the settings in the Camera Raw database to sidecar XMP files or embed the settings in Digital Negative (DNG) files.

When a camera raw image file is processed with Camera Raw, the image settings are stored in one of two places: the Camera Raw database file or a sidecar XMP file. Settings for DNG files are typically stored in the DNG files themselves, as with TIFF and JPEG files.

Note: When you import a sequence of camera raw files in After Effects, the settings for the first file are applied to all files in the sequence that do not have their own XMP sidecar files. After Effects does not check the Camera Raw database.

You can set a preference to determine where settings are stored. When you reopen a camera raw image, all settings default to the values used when the file was last opened. Image attributes (target color space profile, bit depth, pixel size, and resolution) are not stored with the settings.

1 In Adobe Bridge, choose Edit Camera Raw Preferences (Windows) or Bridge Camera Raw Preferences (Mac OS).

AFTER EFFECTS CS3 105 User Guide 2 In the Camera Raw Preferences dialog box, choose one of the following from the Save Image Settings In menu:

Camera Raw Database Stores the settings in a Camera Raw database file in the folder Document and Settings/[user name]/Application Data/Adobe/CameraRaw (Windows) or Users/[user name]/Library/Preferences (Mac OS). This database is indexed by file content, so the image retains camera raw settings even if the camera raw image file is moved or renamed.

Sidecar “.xmp” Files Stores the settings in a separate file, in the same folder as the camera raw file, with the same base name and an.xmp extension. This option is useful for long-term archiving of raw files with their associated settings, and for the exchange of camera raw files with associated settings in multiuser workflows. These same sidecar XMP files can store IPTC (International Press Telecommunications Council) data or other metadata associated with a camera raw image file. If you open files from a read-only volume such as a CD or DVD, be sure to copy the files to your hard disk before opening them. The Camera Raw plug-in cannot write an XMP file to a read-only volume and writes the settings to the Camera Raw database file instead. You can view XMP files in Adobe Bridge by choosing View Show Hidden Files.

Important: If you are using a revision control system to manage your files and are storing settings in sidecar XMP files, keep in mind that you must check your sidecar files in and out to make changes to camera raw images; similarly, you must manage (e.g., rename, move, delete) XMP sidecar files together with their camera raw files. Adobe Bridge, Photoshop, After Effects, and Camera Raw take care of this file synchronization when you work with files locally.

If you store the camera raw settings in the Camera Raw database and plan to move the files to a different location (CD, DVD, another computer, and so forth), you can use the Export Settings To XMP command to export the settings to sidecar XMP files.

3 If you want to store all adjustments to DNG files in the DNG files themselves, select Ignore Sidecar “.xmp” Files in the DNG File Handling section of the Camera Raw Preferences dialog box.

Copy and paste Camera Raw settings In Adobe Bridge, you can copy and paste the Camera Raw settings from one image file to another.

1 In Adobe Bridge, select a file and choose Edit Develop Settings Copy Camera Raw Settings.

2 Select one or more files and choose Edit Develop Settings Paste Settings.

You can also right-click (Windows) or Control-click (Mac OS) image files to copy and paste using the context menu.

3 In the Paste Camera Raw Settings dialog box, choose which settings to apply.

Apply saved Camera Raw settings 1 In Adobe Bridge or in the Camera Raw dialog box, select one or more files.

2 In Bridge, choose Edit Develop Settings or right-click a selected file. Or, in the Camera Raw dialog box, choose Camera Raw Settings.

3 Choose one of the following:

Image Settings Uses the settings from the selected camera raw image. This option is available only from the Settings menu in the Camera Raw dialog box.

Camera Raw Defaults Uses the saved default settings for a specific camera, camera model, or ISO setting.

Previous Conversion Uses the settings from the previous image of the same camera, camera model, or ISO setting.

–  –  –

Applying a preset Note: You can also apply presets from the Presets tab.

Export Camera Raw settings and DNG previews If you store file settings in the Camera Raw database, you can use the Export Settings To XMP command to copy the settings to sidecar XMP files or embed them in DNG files. This is useful for preserving the image settings with your camera raw files when you move them.

You can also update the JPEG previews embedded in DNG files.

1 Open the files in the Camera Raw dialog box.

2 If you are exporting settings or previews for multiple files, select their thumbnails in the Filmstrip view.

3 In the Camera Raw Settings menu, choose Export Settings To XMP or Update DNG Previews.

The sidecar XMP files are created in the same folder as the camera raw image files. If you saved the camera raw image files in DNG format, the settings are embedded in the DNG files themselves.

Chapter 5: Compositions

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