FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 12 | 13 || 15 | 16 |   ...   | 52 |


-- [ Page 14 ] --

Whatever doubts Pope might have had as to the objective point of Jackson were soon dispelled. Gen. Bayard,44 in charge of four regiments of cavalry, reported to Pope that he was falling back and the enemy following him. Jackson’s plan, as he wrote Lee,45 was to be in Culpepper by noon. But Hill46 had not come up; and his men, too, had suffered dreadfully with the heat. Crawford’s brigade then occupied a position in the low ground of Cedar Run, with Bayard’s cavalry in his front and Roemer’s47 battery of six 3-inch rifled guns and two sections of Knapp’s48 10-pounder Parrots49 posted in the rear.

Banks’ corps moved out to join Crawford a little before 10 o’clock in the morning of the 9th. The heat was intense, the pike “shadeless and ED. NOTE: Franz Sigel, USA, born in Baden, 18 Nov 1824, died 21 Aug 1902 in NYC.

ED. NOTE: George Dashiell Bayard, USA, 18 Dec 1835 - 14 Dec 1862.

ED. NOTE: Robert Edward Lee, CSA, 19 Jan 1807 - 12 Oct 1870.

ED. NOTE: Ambrose Powell Hill, CSA, 9 Nov 1825 - 2 Apr 1865.

ED. NOTE: Captain Jacob Roemer, L Company, 2nd New York Artillery.

ED. NOTE: Captain Joseph M. Knap, Pennsylvania Artillery.

ED. NOTE: Iron artillery piece designed by Robert Parker Parrott, distinguished by its single reinforcing band on the breech. One of the most widely used guns in the Civil War, it came in 10-, 20-, and 30-pounder versions.

-65waterless,” pace rapid, with few halts. We passed Rickett’s50 division of McDowell’s51 corps, who were at ease in their tents, at the intersection of the Madison and Orange roads. We pushed on five miles further under a broiling sun, at a speed that caused many to fall. One Second Massachusetts man fell dead. Here, Cedar Mountain — or as Virginians call it, Slaughter’s mountain — rose high before us,52 a conical hill, as seen from its north face, with stunted timber and underbrush on its sides. Crawford’s brigade was in line of battle with his skirmishers out. General Roberts, Pope’s chief of cavalry, was there. As we came up Gordon took a look, and seeing a little elevation off to the right some three-fourths of a mile from the road he said to Roberts: “That hill yonder should be held by our right; shall I take it?” “Yes,” said Roberts, “do so.” Gordon moved his brigade there. Banks soon came up and said to Roberts, “Gen. Pope said you would indicate the line I am to occupy.” Roberts replied, “I have been over this ground thoroughly and I believe this line,” meaning the one on which Crawford was in position, “is the best that can be taken.” Banks concurred with him and placed his command there.

The little force was soon up and in line. From right to left it was in the following order: Gordon’s brigade on the right, consisting of the Second Massachusetts, Collis’s company of Zouaves de Afrique,53 Twenty-Seventh Indiana, and the Third Wisconsin. Crawford’s brigade of our division, made up of the Fifth Connecticut, Tenth Maine, Twenty-eighth New York, Forty-sixth Pennsylvania, was on our left, and both brigades on the right of the Culpepper road. On the left was Augur’s division, with Geary’s brigade, its right resting on the road, made up of the Fifth, Seventh, Twenty-ninth and Sixty-sixth Ohio.

The batteries held positions on higher ground in rear of the two brigades.

Prince’s54 brigade, consisting of the Eighth and Twelfth United States regulars, One Hundred and Second New York, One Hundred and Ninth and One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania, Third Maryland and Robinson’s55 Maine ED. NOTE: James Brewerton Ricketts, USA, 21 Jun 1817 - 22 Sep 1887.

ED. NOTE: Irvin McDowell, USA, 15 Oct 1818 - 4 May 1885. 23 of 45 in West Point class of 1838.

ED. NOTE: Cedar Mountain is 829 feet above sea level at its summit.

ED. NOTE: 114th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment.

ED. NOTE: Henry Prince, USA, 19 Jun 1811 - 19 Aug 1892 (suicide) graduated 30th in his class at West Point in 1835, was captured at Cedar Mountain and held until December 1863. Commanded Second Brigade, Second Division at Cedar Mountain.

ED. NOTE: Captain O’Neil W. Robinson, Fourth Maine Artillery.

-66battery was next in line; and Green’s56 small brigade of the Seventyeighth New York, and a battalion of the First District57 volunteers was somewhat refused in support of McGilvery’s58 Sixth Maine battery on the left.

Thus (Augur’s) division extended toward the little frowning mountain. Our position was a good one from which to resist attack, but too far off to be a favorable one from which to advance. Near the center of our line was Knapp’s battery, which had an unobstructed fire over the open fields, but all our guns were commanded by the mountain. The force mentioned in the field was, as officially stated, 6,289 infantry and artillery, 30 guns, and from 1,000 to 1,200 cavalry — an effective force of less than 7,500 men.

When Gordon had placed his brigade in position, he sent out skirmishers from the Twenty-seventh Indiana into the woods on his right. In his front, over Cedar Run, into the timber beyond, he sent Col. Ruger59 with six companies of the Third Wisconsin, while the Second Massachusetts, the remaining three companies of the Third Wisconsin (A, B and E), and the Twenty-seventh Indiana rested in ranks, ready to move at the instant of command, the Indiana regiment on the right; the Second Massachusetts next;

and the Third Wisconsin companies at this time on the left.

Let us now turn to the other side and note the disposition made there.

Jackson pushing on toward Culpepper had Ewell60 in advance. On the morning of the 9th his forces were nearly up or within supporting distance, and on reaching Cedar Mountain and finding infantry in his front he prepared for battle.

The turnpike from Culpepper, southwest, crosses Cedar Run a little creek about eight miles from Culpepper, then passes through open but undulating ground. About a mile on the left of the road were then cornfields.

About a mile and a half southwest from the point where the creek crosses the road, the northeast end of Cedar, or Slaughter’s mountain, rises some hundreds of feet above and dominated the surrounding country. The mountain is nearly a mile southeast of the turnpike. But a dirt road runs around its base, and one leads from the turnpike, southeast, to the north end of the mountain; and on the northwest side of the turnpike, the ground is ED. NOTE: BGen George S. Greene, Third Brigade, Second Division.

ED. NOTE: District of Columbia.

ED. NOTE: Captain Freeman McGilvery, Sixth Maine Artillery.

ED. NOTE: Thomas H. Ruger, Third Wisconsin Infantry, West Point Graduate, and a LtCol at the time of the Battle of Cedar Mountain.

ED. NOTE: Richard Stoddert Ewell, CSA, 8 Feb 1817 - 25 Jan 1872.

-67wooded and somewhat elevated, as compares with the position taken by Banks. At a point northwest from the north face of the mountain, a country road turns southwesterly from the turnpike. Northeast of this dirt road was a wheatfield of some thirty or more acres, lying on the northwest side of the turnpike, surrounded by woods on its northeastern and southwestern sides, and this field is prolonged, growing narrower into a little field, in which were many briers and underbrush.

As Jackson’s forces came up they found the Union line formed as above indicated. Ewell’s division was turned to the right, and along the slope of the mountain, and there secured a position well up the hillside, from which his artillery could command the Union ground. Ewell’s brigade, on the same line, moved out on the Culpepper road toward us, on the Confederate’s right, and formed his line on the southeast side of the road. Our batteries opened upon him with such vim that he withdrew his troops behind a little rise of ground.

His own artillery at once got into position and returned our fire with spirit.

At this moment Gen. Winder61 came up with Jackson’ [sic] old division, arriving at the point where the dirt road leads northwestward from the pike through the woods. He disposed Campbell’s brigade to the left, under cover of the wood and near to and on the southwest side of the wheatfield. A little to the left in reserve and in mass, was the “Stonewall” brigade commanded by Ronald.62 Taliaferro’s63 brigade was placed parallel to the road in rear of the batteries of Poague64 and Carpenter.65 Winder was an accomplished officer, much esteemed by Jackson. While directing the movement of his batteries he was struck by a piece of shell from one of the Union guns, and borne dying to the rear.

While these dispositions were taking place, Ewell, with Trimble66 and Hayes’ brigades, reached the northwestern termination of the mountain, and upon an elevated spot, some 200 feet above the valley, planted Latimer’s67 battery, which poured a rapid fire on our gunners below. Reply to these highED. NOTE: Charles Sidney Winder, CSA, West Point Class of 1850, 18 Oct 1829 - 9 Aug 1862;

horribly mangled by an exploding shell at Cedar Mountain, he died a few hours after the incident.

ED. NOTE: Colonel Charles A. Ronald.

ED. NOTE: William Booth Taliaferro, CSA, 28 Dec 1822 - 27 Feb 1898.

ED. NOTE: Captain William T. Poague, Rockbridge Artillery, Virginia.

ED. NOTE: Captain Joseph Carpenter, Alleghany Artillery, Virginia.

ED. NOTE: Isaac Ridgeway Trimble, CSA, graduated 17th in West Point class of 1822, 15 May 1802 Jan 1888.

ED. NOTE: Captain J. W. Latimer, Courtney Artillery, Virginia.

-68posted guns was difficult; though Major Andrews,68 chief of Jackson’s artillery, was here severely wounded. Ewell’s two brigades now stood out on the northwest face of the mountain, spectators of what was below.

The lines as now developed placed Campbell’s brigade in front of Crawford’s and well covered by the woods. Crawford was also concealed by the woods northeasterly of the wheatfield, and by the undulation of the ground. The “Stonewall” brigade was a little in rear of Campbell’s left, massed in reserve, but close at hand. Hill’s division of six brigades was still farther to the rear, but in easy supporting distance and moving up.

The batteries grew more furious in dispute at about 3 o’clock. Our guns were admirably served; the enemy’s had the best ground. Banks now advanced his whole line, except Gordon’s brigade, about 400 yards. As he had seen but little infantry, he thought there was no large force in his front.

At about 5 P.M. he ordered a regiment out on each flank. Crawford, in preparing for this movement, discovered such force that he asked to send in his brigade, Banks ordered it. Meanwhile, Col. Ruger with his six companies had swept the woods on the northwest side of the wheatfield, but did not discover the enemy, not having penetrated beyond the wheatfield. Crawford, in sallying forward with his men, ordered Ruger to join him. Col. Ruger replied that he momentarily expected orders from his own brigade commander, and suggested that before detaching him from his brigade, it should be directed by superior authority. Crawford’s appeal to Banks obtained the required direction. Gen. Williams69 gave the order to Gordon, and Ruger at the same moment advanced his companies, which rallied from their skirmish deployment, and formed on Crawford’s right, then advancing.

At this stage in the movements, we will look once more at the general situation. Prince and Geary of Augur’s division were at our left confronted by Early70 and Thomas’s brigade of A. P. Hill’s division. On the mountain were two brigades of Ewell’s division with their batteries — four brigades against two on our left. Opposite our right, confronting Crawford and Gordon’s brigades, was Winder’s division of three brigades, one of them, Campbell’s, being in line in the woods on the southwest side of the wheatfield, and to his left, in rear and in mass, was the Stonewall brigade, then commanded by Ronald. Then Taliaferro’s brigade closing the gap between Campbell’s right and Early’s left, and five of the six brigades of Hill’s division were successively formed on the enemy’s left up on our right or where most needed. This was ED. NOTE: Major R. Snowden Andrews.

ED. NOTE: Alpheus S. Williams.

ED. NOTE: Jubal Anderson Early, CSA, 3 Nov 1816 - 2 Mar 1894.

-69about half past five o’clock. Geary on the left of the road and Prince on his left moved forward simultaneously with the brigade of Crawford to the attack.

Let us now look to Crawford’s brigade (the Forth-sixth Pennsylvania, Twenty-eighth New York and Fifth Connecticut).71 It swept through the woods up hill to the little wheatfield, dashed with loud yells across it, struck a high, rail fence on the edge of the timber, bounded over it and disappeared in the forest on the southwestern side of the field. It struck Campbell’s brigade so suddenly and from so unexpected a quarter that this brigade, one of the stoutest of Jackson’s division, gave way. Jackson himself says: “It fell upon his left, and by force of superior numbers, bearing down all opposition, turned it, and poured a destructive fire in its rear. Campbell’s brigade soon fell back in disorder. The enemy (Crawford’s brigade) pushed forward, and the left flank of Taliaferro’s brigade being by these movements exposed to a flank fire, fell back, as did also the left of Early’s line. During this advance the guns of Jackson’s division becoming exposed they were withdrawn.” Cooke, in his life of Jackson, says: “So sudden and determined was this assault, that the troops were almost surrounded before they knew it, and nothing remained but for them to fall back to a new position. The enemy gave them no time to reflect.

They rushed forward with deafening yells, pouring a terrific fire into the wavering line, and the day seemed lost.” But the six companies of the Third moved forward to the right of Crawford with less rapidity — because of the woods, briers and rough ground over which they forced their way — to a more severe exposure. As they advanced, either by their direction being oblique or that of the other bearing to the left, a considerable interval was made between the Forty-sixth Pennsylvania and Ruger’s left; and as he approached the enemy in the woods and underbrush, the two regiments were not in sight of each other; the view being obstructed in part by a cluster of straw stacks in the northwestern part of the wheatfield. The Forty-sixth Pennsylvania and other regiments to the left got into action a minute or two earlier by reason of their advancing over less difficult ground.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 12 | 13 || 15 | 16 |   ...   | 52 |

Similar works:

«HILLEL CHODOS, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. NAVABEH P. BORMAN, Defendant and Appellant. B252446 COURT OF APPEAL OF CALIFORNIA, SECOND APPELLATE DISTRICT, DIVISION FIVE 227 Cal. App. 4th 76; 173 Cal. Rptr. 3d 266; 2014 Cal. App. LEXIS 529 June 18, 2014, Opinion Filed NOTICE: As modified July 9, 2014. SUBSEQUENT HISTORY: Modified and rehearing denied by Chodos v. Borman, 2014 Cal. App. LEXIS 603 (Cal. App. 2d Dist., July 9, 2014) Application granted by Chodos v. Borman, 2014 Cal. LEXIS 6366...»

«Disney’s Tia Dalma: A Critical Interrogation of an “Imagineered” Priestess Kameelah Martin Samuel, Georgia State University Abstract The conjure woman has long lived as a popular American cultural icon, so much so that it seemed destined that multimedia conglomerate the Walt Disney Company would eventually adopt and embrace her. The conjure woman’s likeness is reflected in the Disney feature films Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (2006) and Pirates of the Caribbean: At...»

«The Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture Conference Proposal Guide Welcome Thank you for your interest in co-sponsoring a conference with the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture. The Institute's mission is to support, produce, and advance scholarship focused on early American history and culture. An important part of that mission is the sponsorship of conferences. Each is meant to serve as a forum for the rich variety of scholarship on early America....»

«FROM DOING TO BEING: A MISSIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF ACTS 4:23-31 Robert L. Gallagher * 1. Introduction Zeal for the church’s mission nearly cost me my marriage. Ten years after being filled with the Holy Spirit, I entered full-time ministry in an Australian Pentecostal church. In less than five years, full of youthful energy and vision, I helped create numerous church programs: a Christian elementary school, a national magazine, a radio program, two Bible schools, leadership training...»

«~1 ~~ The Evolution of International Law: colonial and postcolonial realities ANTONY ANGHIE The colonial and postcolonial realities of international law have ABSTRACT been obscured by the analytical frameworks that governed traditional scholarship on the subject. This article sketches out a history of the evolution of international law that focuses in particular on the manner in which imperialism shaped the discipline. It argues that colonialism, rather than being a peripheral concern of the...»

«BA History with Study Abroad Programme Specification 1 Awarding Institution: University of Exeter 2 School(s)/Teaching Institution: School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Cornwall Campus 3 Programme Not applicable accredited/validated by: 4 Final Award(s): BA (Hons) 5 Programme Title: History with Study Abroad 6 UCAS Code (if relevant): 7 FHEQ Level of Final Award(s): H 8 QAA Subject Benchmarking History Group: 9 Date of Production/Revision: October 2009 10 Programme Structures and...»

«Cooperative Links between State and Civil Associations in Mexico Gloria Guadarrama El Colegio Mexiquense, A. C., México Abstract This paper aims to explore the conditions that either promote or constrain the overall performance of civil associations in Mexico. This is done by drawing the cooperative relations between government and civil organizations. It is shown that the improved participation of civil associations in social projects has historically depended on the creation of collaboration...»

«TIEMPOS MODERNOS 30 (2015/1) ISSN: 1699-7778 MONOGRÁFICO: Actores políticos y actores privados. Dubet, A y Solbes, S. (Coords) La monarquía francesa y los financieros en el Antiguo Régimen. Joël Félix La monarquía francesa y los financieros en el Antiguo Régimen. El ejemplo de los traitants durante la Guerra de los Nueve Años, 1689-1697*. The French Monarchy and the financiers during the Old Regime. The case of the traitants during the Nine Years War, 1689-1697 Joël Félix University...»

«Chapter One Airport Master Plan Update INVENTORY Grants Pass Airport The purpose of the Grants Pass Airport (Airport) Master Plan Update is to provide a means for documenting the Airport’s shortand long-term needs. It will identify any issues needing consideration, the current physical condition of the Airport, its anticipated growth and proposed development to accommodate that growth. Inventory is the first of several key planning tasks, which are all documented in chapters of the Master...»

«Meeting of the College Academic Council College of Liberal Arts & Sciences 210 Strong Hall October 14, 2008 4:00 p.m. AGENDA I. APPROVAL OF THE SEPTEMBER 2008 CAC MINUTES II. REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES & ADVISING (CUSA) Submitted by Jill Hodson, Presented by Greg Madden A. 2007-08 Annual Report (Submitted by Bob Carlson, Co-Chair) B. Curricular Changes for approval AAAS 433, ANTH 315, BIOL 582, COMS 440, COMS 544, TIB 104, TIB 108, EURS 329, EURS 550, EURS 565, HA 315, HA...»

«THE COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS White Paper on Daily Fantasy Sports MASSACHUSETTS GAMING COMMISSION Stephen P. Crosby, Chairman Gayle Cameron, Commissioner Lloyd Macdonald, Commissioner Bruce Stebbins, Commissioner Enrique Zuniga, Commissioner JANUARY 11, 2016 TABLE OF CONTENTS LETTER FROM THE CHAIRMAN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY i. I. The Evolution of Daily Fantasy Sports 1 A. History 1 B. Advent of Daily Fantasy Sports 2 II. Legality of Daily Fantasy Sports 4 A. Massachusetts Statutes Posing Issues...»

«Guide to MS 2 Arizona Quilt Project Records 1977-1997 24 linear feet, 7 inches Processed by Mary Plummer Data Entry by Carol DeCosmo October, 1996 Revised by Pamela Rector July, 2000 Donations by Carole DeCosmo, representative of the Arizona Quilt Project, in 1995 and 1997. Citation: Arizona Quilt Project Records, MS 2, Library and Archives, Central Arizona Division, Arizona Historical Society. Library and Archives Arizona Historical Society Central Arizona Division Arizona Historical Society...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.