«AP® ART HISTORY 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 These are details of the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome. What was the political agenda of the ...»
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Sample: 3C Score: 2 This response correctly identifies Augustus’s political agenda “to show the Roman people that they were better off under his rule than they had been previously,” essentially asserting “the power and goodness of Augustus.” The response refers to visual evidence in both images to discuss how the sculpted figures convey Augustus’s political agenda, but the quality of the discussion is unbalanced, with a stronger discussion of the Tellus relief. Specifically, the Tellus relief is characterized as showing the “fruitfulness of the empire.” The response notes that a “great bounty of fruits, crops, and livestock are shown to show the plenty of Rome.” The concept of divine approbation of Augustus is also discussed via the plausible identification of the central figure as “a goddess.” The procession relief is addressed; however, the inclusion of people of different genders and ages is misinterpreted as portraying “all walks of life gathered together” in an attempt to assert that Augustus “did not rule just for the elite.” The presence of children is connected neither to Augustus’s moral legislation regarding families nor to his pretentions for dynastic succession. This error impacts the response in that it directs the discussion away from the procession’s emphasis on the imperial family and the Roman nobility. In this way the response demonstrates some knowledge and understanding of the question.
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