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«SOME NEW AND NEGLECTED FINDS OF 9th-CENTURY ANGLO-SAXON ORNAMENTAL METALWORK (Figs. 2, 3, 4; PI. IV, B) The purpose of this note is to record six ...»

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The last two years have seen the discovery of four decorated penannular and pseudopenannular brooches from the coastal areas of Wales, three from the north and one from the south, In February 1980 a pseudo-penannular brooch, lacking only its pin, and the terminal of another were found at about SH 919 766, just S, of Llys Awe! farmstead, 0,5 km NE. of Pen-y-corddyn hill-fort, in the parish ofAbergele, Clwyd (PL v. A and B). They were part ofa larger find discovered by metal-detector operators in the same area, which included a quantity of Roman coins, as well as bronze figurines and other votive objects, now in the National Museum of Wales (ace. no. 8I.3SH/I 1 and 12). Later in the same year part of a penannular brooch of comparable type (PL v, c) was found at Trearddur Bay on the S. side of Holywell Island, Anglesey at about SH 256 790, in ground recently disturbed by the strengthening of the sea-wall, This also has been acquired by the National Museum ofWales (ace. no. 80. I02H). In February 1982 the attention of the Museum was drawn to a complete penannular brooch (PI. v, D), found on the beach NW. of Llanmadog on the tip of the Gower peninsular in West Glamorgan at about SS 433 942. This brooch also has been acquired by the National Museum (ace. no. 82. 67H).

All three locations are interesting. In the case of the Llys Awe! find, the proximity of Pen-y-Corddyn hill-fort, the Roman finds with their implication ofa religious site somewhere in the vicinity, and the neighbouring farm name Hen BIas (Old Place), often indicating a settlement of ancient foundation, all point to the need for a careful appraisal of the area. The Trearddur Bay find is close to Towyn-y-Capel, the site of a chapel dedicated to St Bride, situated about 20 m above high water mark, where cist burials have been reported. 1 Dark Age activity in the neighbouring parishes ofLlanmadog and Llangenydd at the NW. extremity of the Gower peninsula is amply attested by the ecclesiastical settlement on the offshore island of Burry Holms and the presence offour Early Christian monuments, as well as by a fragmentary thistle-brooch from Culver Hole cave (National Museum of Wales, ace. no.

3 I. 118/2). Llanmadog Church, with an inscribed stone of the late 5th or early 6th century and two cross-incised pillar-stones of the 7th to 9th century seems to have been a site of some importance. It must be stressed, however, that the find spot of the Llanmadog brooch was about 1 km from the church, and a good deal further from any of these other sites or finds.

The Llys Awel brooch (PI. v, A) This is of bronze, the front retaining substantial signs of gilding. It measures 71 mm high by 74 mm wide; the hoop varies in width from 6 mm to 8 mm, the right arm being wider than the left: the triangular terminals expand to a width of 25 mm and are joined in the middle by a square bar. Opposite the terminals the hoop broadens into a round-ended panel with a central setting consisting of the remains of an amber bead, Each terminal has compartments for three settings, one at the neck, which is slightly larger, and two at the corners of the broad end. The outer two of the latter contain the remains

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