FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 17 | 18 ||

«by Kirsten Francescone A thesis submitted to the Faculty o f Graduate and Postdoctoral Affairs in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the ...»

-- [ Page 19 ] --

In the second half of my fieldwork, I lived in, participated and supported the “Vigilia de San Francisco” that was initiated by CONAM AQ in La Paz for nearly 6 w eeks, until it was officially dismantled. During this period o f time 1 worked with C O N A M A Q, CIDOB and CEPLAP doing whatever tasks they required me to do in order to support the X III March de Tierra y Dignidad and maintain the solidarity vigil. During this tim e, I slept in the vigil with the indigenous authorities; attended their meetings, participated in the marches they organized, contributed to and helped in organized daily press readings and provided technical support when requested. It was during my second phase o f fieldw ork that the political climate in Bolivia became particularly tense- evolving from the violent repression of the march by the MAS government on September 25,2011.

My fieldwork methodology in Bolivia developed into what Philipe Bourgeois refers to as engaged anthropology. 1 became an active political participant, attempting to participate or observe all that I possibly could. After the police repressed the TIPNIS march on the 25 of September, things turned from tense to hostile, with massive mobilizations erupting from five major cities across the country, to be followed with general strikes, massive marches and protests.

In the collection on the role of engaged political research for studies Schatz argues that, “person-to-person contact that is attuned to the worldviews o f the people we study is invaluable for a science o f politics.”277 Once the government oppressed the TIPNIS march, I interpreted this as an important and critical conjuncture moment, and opted to stay in La Paz living in the Vigilia San Francisco. At that point I did not have my laptop or my voice recorder. I decided that since the mama leaders o f CONAM AQ were opting to take political positioning against the governm ent’s actions this would be the best place for me to be. I ended up staying in the vigil for five weeks, when it was then dism antled.

This decision proved absolutely essential for me to understand, observe and participate in 277 Edward Schatz. ‘introduction: Ethnographic Emersion and the Study o f Politics”, in P o litica l Ethnography: What Immersion Contributes to the Study o f P ow er. Ed. Edward Schatz. (Chicago: The Uni versity o f Chicago Press, 2003), 4.

the unfolding o f the TIPNIS conflict as it mounted to its m ost tense moments in September and October of 2011.

This work is critical with the hope of stimulating debate and generating alternatives.

Along this line o f reasoning, it is important to identify this project as one that is critical but in solidarity with the revolutionary process- in order to differentiate it from criticisms of the Right. If we understand the construction o f revolutionary alternatives as a process in the Gramscian sense o f the concept, then debate and critical engagement are central to this process.

As such this project is embarking on a political journey with the objective o f recognizing and moving forward with what Said aptly described as central to the developm ent of political projects, an acknowledgement o f critical consciousness. This project, then, seeks to stimulate debate with the hopes of drawing up alternatives278 to influence the proceso de cambio, not only as it exists in Bolivia, but also as it exists in the spirits o f those oppressed by capital. It requires a discussion that recognizes pre-existing racial and gendered structures of oppression, but instead focuses on the ways in which older discussions o f what we share make us stronger - this project hopes to present a politic of humanity and a politics o f possibility.

278 Kaye Warren cautions about w orking with com m unities with w hom w e are politically aligned, but argues that this work is necessary if done critically. She claim s that there is a need for activists and leftist scholars to engage in critical explorations o f governm ents or social movem ents with w hom they al ign politically and that there is a presently a m ethodological reluctance to do so, i.e through en g a g ed anthropology. See Kaye Warren. “Perils and Prom ises o f Engaged Anthropology: Historical Transitions

and Ethnographic D ilem m as,” in: The E n g a g ed O bserver: A nthropology, Advocacy, a n d A ctivism, eds:

Victoria Sanford and A sale A ngel-Ajani (US: Rutgers U niversity Press, 2010) References Sergio Almaraz, Obras Completas (La Paz: Plural, 1968).

Heber Araujo, Ley cle Revolution Productive! Agropecuaria para el Agronegocio y la Banca.(Cochabamba : CENDA, 2011).

Heber Araujo. Etnodesarrollo, Tierra Y Vida: Una alternative a la crisis alimentaria y energetica. (Cochabamba : CENDA, 2010).

Fausto Beltran & Jose Fernandez. Por Donde va la Reforma Agraria Boliviana? (La Paz:

Talleres Graficos Bolivianos, 1960).

Mervvin Bohan. Inf or me de La Mission Economica de los Estados Unidos A Bolivia (Plan Bohan).(Commissioned by US Department o f the State, 1942).

Norman Borlaug. The Green Revolution Revisited and the Road Ahead. Online Lecture PDF format. Accessed Online, October 12,2010.

http://nobelprize.org/nobel pri.zes/peace/laureates/1970/bo.rlaug-article.html.?print.

Jorge Campanini. ’’Environmental Impacts of Megamining. ” Jornadas sobre la Megamineria. (Cochabamba: CEDIB, 11th o f November, 2011).

Amado Canelas. Milo y Realidad de la Reforma Agraria (La Paz : Los Amigos del Libro, 1966).

Centro Boliviano de Economia (CEBEC). Estudios Economicos "El aporte de Santa Cruz a Bolivia: Aspectos Socioeconomicos” (CA1NCO: Santa Cruz, 2008).

CEDIB. “Entrevista: Las vigilias por el TIPNIS. “ Las mujeres no podfamos perm itir eso”.” Petropress, 27 (2011).

CEDIB. Presentations by various South American researchers, 9-11 N ovem ber. Jornadas sobre la megamineria boliviana. (Cochabamba: CEDIB, 9-11 of N ovem ber 2011). Slides available online at: http://www.cedib.org/presentaciones/ Walter Chavez, and Alvaro Garcia Linera, 2005, “Rebelion Camba: Del dieselazo a la lucha por la autonomfa”, E l Juguete Rabioso.

Chavez and Mokrani. “ Los Movimientos Sociales en la Asemblea Constituyente: Hacia la reconfiguracion de la politica. En OSAL.” (Buenos Aires: CLASCO, 2007 (22))

Ciro F.S Cardoso. & Hector Perez Brignoli. Historia Economica de Am erica Latina:

Sistemas agrarios e historia eolonied (Barcelona: Editorial Critica, 1979).

Josue de Castro. Geopolitica del Hambre: Ensayo sobre los problemas alim entarios y demograficos del mundo. (Buenos Aires: Solar Hachette, 1963).

Annette Desmarais. La Via Campesina: Globalization and the power o f pea sa n ts.

(Winnipeg: Femwood Publishing, 2007).

Vladimir Diaz. “La minerfa bajo el dominio de las transnacionales.” Petropress, 25 (2011).

----------- Critica de la Teona del Poder Constituyente: Los Li'mites del Proceso Constituyente Boliviano. (La Paz: Instituto de Investigacion, Capacitacion y Formacion Democratica “Carlos M ontenegro”, 2008).

Heinz Dieterich. “The Advance of 21st Century Socialism in Latin America and Europe.” The 4th Forum o f the World Association fo r Political Economy (2010): 143-147.

Ruth Duran. Acaso la Tierra Esta Enferma? La experiencia de saneamiento de las tierras comunitarias de origen con CONAM AQ. (La Paz: Stratos Editorial, 2010).

Wes Enzinna. “All We Want is the Earth: Agrarian Reform in Bolivia”, in Leo Panitch and Colin Leys (eds), Socialist Register 2008: Global Flashpoints, Reactions to Imperialism and Neoliberalism. (2007).

Nicole Fabricant. “Ocupar, Resistir, Producir: Reterritorializing Soyscapes in Santa Cruz.” In, Remapping Bolivia: Resources, Territory and Indigeneity in a Plurinational State. Eds: Nicole Fabricant & Bret Gustafson. (Santa Fe: SAR Press, 2011).

Elizabeth Fitting. The Struggle fo r M aize: Campesinos, Workers, and Transgenic Corn in the Mexican Countryside. (United States: Duke University Press, 201,1).

Fundacion T ie rra.. “El Presidente anuncio la paralizacion de la Funcion Econom ica Social (FES).” Website: Fundacion Tierra, 22nd o f January (2012).

Kirsten Francescone. “M arching for Land, Dignity and the Proceso de C am bio.” The Bullet, 540 (2011).

-“Internal Fractions and the right in Bolivia”. The Bullet, 548 (201J).

Frederico Fuentes. “Government, social movem ents, and revolution in Bolivia today: A response to Jeffery W ebber.” International Socialist Review, 76, M arch-A pril (2011).

Alvaro Garcia Linera. El “O ENEG ISM O ” enfermedad infantil del derechism o: O como

la “reconduccion” del Proceso de Cambio es la restauracion neoliberal. (La Paz:

Vicepresidencia del Estado Plurinacional, 2011).

Lesley Gill. Teetering on the Rim.: Global Restructuring, Daily Life, and the Arm ed Retreat o f the Bolivian State (New York: Colombia University Press, 2000).

---------------Peasants, Entrepreneurs and social Change: Frontier D evelopm ent in Lowland Bolivia: Westview Special Studies on Latin America and the Caribbean.

(London: W estview Press, 1987).

Mark Goodale. “ Reclaiming Modernity: Indigenous cosmopolitanism and the com ing o f the second revolution of Bolivia.” American Ethnologist. 33(2006): 634-649.

Antonio Gramsci. Selections fro m the Prison N otebooks. Ed. Smith and Hoare ( New York: International Publishers, 1971), 210.

W alter Guevara. Plan Inmediata de Politico Economica del Gobierno de la Revolucion Nacional. (La Paz : Departamento de Prensa Intemacional y Publicaciones,1955),45.

Susan Healey. ’’Ethno-Ecological Identity and the Restructuring of Political Power in Bolivia.” Latin American Perspectives 36(2009): 83-100.

Herbert Klein. Historia de Bolivia (La Paz: Libreria Editorial G.U.M, 2000) Maria Lagos. Autonomy ad Power: The Dynamics o f Class and Power in Rural Bolivia (Philadelphia : University o f Pennsylvania Press, 1990).

Isabella Margerita. El Poder de la Tierra. (La Paz: Plural, 2008) Jose Carlos Mariategui. 7 Ensayos de la Realiclacl Peruano. (Lima:Biblioteca “ A m arta” 1928), 35.

Karl Marx. Introduction: The Grundrisse Notebooks. (New York: Penguin Classics).

Gustavo Medeiros. “ Evolucion y Caracteristicas del Sector Soyero en Bolivia.” In: Los Barones del Oriente: El Poder en Santa Cruz Ayer y Hoy (Santa Cruz : Fundacion Tierra, 2008).

Gina Mendia y Guisela Lopez. “ Campesinos en Contra de cultivos transgenicos.” El Deber (2005).

Ministerio de Desarollo Productivo. Atlas de Potencialidad Productiva : Santa Cruz. (La Paz : Ministerio de Desarollo Productivo, 2009).

Paul Nicholson and Nicole Delforge. “ Via Campesina: Responding to global systemic food crisis.” Development, 51(2008).

Enrique Ormachea S. Revolution Agraria o Consolidation de la via terrateniente? El Gobierno del M AS v las politicos de tierras. (La Paz: CEDLA, 2008).

Raj Patel. Stuffed and Starved: Markets, Power and the Hidden Battle fo r the Global Food System.. (New York: Portobello Books, 2007).

Danilo Paz. Estructura Agraria Boliviana. (Plural: La Paz, 2009), 37.

Victor E Paz. La Revolution Boliviana: discurso del Jefe Nacional del M.N.R a los delegados de la IX Convention del Partido el 17 de Enero, 1964 (La Paz: Direccion Nacional de lnformaciones, 1964), 12-13.

Nancy Postero. Now we are Citizens: Indigenous Politics in Postmulticultural Bolivia.

(California: Stanford University, 2008) Pablo Ramos. Siete Anos de economia Boliviana (La Paz: Puerta del S o l,1980), 123-128.

Pablo Regalsky. “Las paradojas del proceso constituyente boliviano.” (www.constituyentesoberana.org: 2009) Carlos Revilla. “Understanding the Mobilizations o f Octubre 2003: Dynamic Pressures and Shifting Leadership Practices in El Alto.” In, Remapping Bolivia: Resources, Territory and Indigeneity in a Plurinational Slate. Eds: Nicole Fabricant & Bret Gustafson.(Santa Fe: SAR Press: 2011).

Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui. “ Liberal Democarcy and Ayllu Democracy in Bolivia: The case of Northern Potosi.” (1990).

----------------- “ Luchas Campesinas contemporaneas en Bolivia: El M ovimiento “Katarista”: 1970-1980. Bolivia Hoy. Ed: Rene Zavaleta Mercado. (Mexico: Siglo Veintiuno, 1983).

Edward Schatz. “Introduction: Ethnographic Emersion and the Study o f Politics”, in Political Ethnography: What Immersion Contributes to the Study o f P ow er. Ed. Edward Schatz. (Chicago: The University o f Chicago Press, 2003).

Michael Schulte. Llameros y Caseros: La economia regional kallawaya. (La Paz : PIEB Investigacion, 1999) Vandana Shiva. “ Un ataque contra los recursos y el patrimonio de los pafses”. Rebellion, 2007.

Jim Shultz and Melissa Draper. D ignity and Defiance: Stories from B olivia’s Challenge to Globalization. (Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2008)

Lorenzo Soliz and Silvia Aguilar. Production y Economia Campesino-Indigena:

Experiencias en seis ecoregiones de Bolivia 2001-2003. (La Paz: CIPCA cuadernos de investigacion, 2005) SOMOS SUR. Ley de la Revolution Productiva Agropecuaria y Comunitaria: Quien GANA y quien PIERDE (Cochabamba : SOMOS SUR, 2011).

Ximena Soruco. “De la Goma a la soya: El Proyecto Historica de la elite crucena.” In, Los Barones del Oriente: El Poder en Santa Cruz y Hoy. Eds: Ximena Soruco, W ifredo Plata & Gustavo Medeiros. (Santa Cruz: Fundacion Tierra, 2008).

Alison Spedding. Kawasachun Coca: Economia campesina cocalera en los Yungas y el Chapare. (La Paz : PIEB investigaciones, 2005).

Esteban Ticona Alejo. “Organizacion, liderazgo y representacion Aymara en la C onfederation Sindical Unica de Trabajadores Campesinos de Bolivia - (CSU TCB).” Convocatoria FLASCO 93-95. (Quito: FLASCO, 1995) Miguel Urioste. Segunda Reforma Agraria: Campesinos, Tierra y E ducation Popular (La Paz: Talleres CEDLA, 1987).

Arturo Urquidi. El Feudalisms en America y la Reforma Agraria Boliviana. (La Paz:

Libreria y Editorial “Juventud”, 1990).

Gabriela Valdivia. “ Agrarian Capitalism and Struggles over Hegemony in the Bolivian Lowlands.” Latin American Perspectives, 37(4)(2010): 67-87.

Miguel Vargas. “Participation y consentimiento libre, previo e informado.” Petropress, 76(2011): p p..18-21.

Pablo Villegas. “Analysis de la Ley de la Revolucion Productiva.” Presentaciones CEDIB (Cochabamba: CEDIB, 2011).

Pablo Villegas. “^Puede haber Consulta Previa entre la escopeta y las palom as?” Petropress, 22 (2011).

Jeff Webber. “Revolution against “progress” : the TIPNIS struggle and class contradictions in Bolivia.” International Socialism, 133 (2012).

Tony Weis. The Global Food Economy: The Battle fo r the future o f fa rm in g (London:

Zed Books, 2007): 89-120.

Roxana Ybarnegaray de Paz. El Espiritu del Capitalismo y la Agricultura C rucena?

(Editorial Atenea: La Paz, 1992).

Newspaper Articles:

W. Chipana. “El Finpro financiara a 22 sectores para asegurar alimentos y em pleo.” La Razon, Available online: http://www.la-razon.com/economia/Finpro-financiara-sectore sasegurar-alimcntos 0 1560443999.html (February 15, 2012).

CEDIB. “Transgenicos: ya estan en la m esa” and “ [los bolivianos] se consum en alimentos geneticamente manipulados”. CEDIB. “ Dossier Tematico: Transgenicos 2000 CEDIB. (Cochabamba: CEDIB, 2011) El Cambio. “Los indigenas del Tipnis rompieron ayer con violencia un cerco de seguridad, en el noveno intento del Gobierno de dialogar.“ El Cambio, 25th o f September (2011). Available Online : http.7/ww\v.cambio.bo/noticia.php?fecha=2 0 11-09idn=55197 El Deber. “Transgenicos: Un Conflicto mas para el Congreso.” El D eber, 7 de Julio (2002).

El Opinion. “Morales propone que Bolivia sea pais libre de transgenicos,'".El O pinion, 29 de Abril, (2010).

ERBOL. ’’Masivas movilizaciones en 9 regiones repudian violencia policial contra

indigenas.” Erbol, 28"' o f September (2011). Available Online at:

http://www.erboLcorn.bo/noticia.php?identificador= 2 1474839501.62 Gina Mendia y Guisela Lopez. “ Campesinos en Contra de cultivos transgenicos.” El Deber (2005).

La Razon. Baldwin Montero. “Evo fija 3 metas para el 2025.” La Razon. (La Paz, 7 de Agosto, 2012).

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 17 | 18 ||

Similar works:

«Community-led reuse of resources Information for community groups and social enterprises setting up projects to reuse surplus building materials and products Local United – diffusing practical initiatives in response to climate change and peak oil Local United brings together and supports community activists who are setting up social enterprises to address the challenges of peak oil and climate change. We aim to speed up the rate at which good ideas are adopted by community groups motivated...»

«42% U.S. Customs and Border Protection Cybersecurity Strategy Enabling the Mission Through Secure Technology % % % % 19% 1% 41% 9% Table of Contents Message from the Commissioner Executive Summary Introduction 1 Cybersecurity Strategic Goals 3  Protect the CBP Mission and People by Integrating 4 Cybersecurity into the Organization  Build a Strong Cybersecurity Foundation and 7 Drive toward Sustainable Mission Integrity  Develop and Support a Skilled Workforce 9 Path Forward 11 A...»

«LANGE AFTER BP (NOV) 2/4/2009 7:22:57 PM THE NEW ANTIFRAUD RULE: IS SEC ENFORCEMENT THE MOST EFFECTIVE WAY TO PROTECT INVESTORS FROM HEDGE FUND FRAUD? Kathleen E. Lange* Hedge funds have consistently grown in both size and influence. Traditionally, hedge funds escaped regulation because access was limited to the wealthy and sophisticated. However, due to inflation, the wealth threshold has become more attainable to less sophisticated investors. Also, an increasing number of pension funds and...»

«Version: October 2013 The Real Effects of Hedge Fund Activism: Productivity, Asset Allocation, and Industry Concentration Alon Brava,b, Wei Jiangc, and Hyunseob Kimd a Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA b National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA c Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA d Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA The authors have benefited from comments from and discussions with Lucian Bebchuk, Christa Bouwman, Joan Farre-Mensa, Simon Gervais,...»

«Joint Center for Housing Studies Harvard University Focus on Critical Rental Housing Policy Experiments: Framing the Discussion for February 13th Daniel McCue July 2008 W08-5 © by Daniel McCue. All rights reserved. Short sections of text, not to exceed two paragraphs, may be quoted without explicit permission provided that full credit, including © notice, is given to the source. Any opinions expressed are those of the author and not those of the Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard...»

«2 SEGUNDA COMUNICACIÓN NACIONAL COMITÉ INTERSECRETARIAL SOBRE CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO Secretarías participantes: Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores (SRE)* Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación (SAGARPA) Secretaría de Comunicaciones y Transporte (SCT) Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL) Secretaría de Economía (SE) Secretaría de Energía (SENER) Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (SEMARNAT) * * Dependencias que coordinan el...»

«The Coordinate Free Approach To Linear Models Before two, the ethical effective real success prospects shut 70 cash CAGR Sunshine wisely, even based in a Commission Program or Ratio. They know to download business envelope, operate bottom to disbelief after population and make The Coordinate-Free Approach to Linear Models to lend your often good expenditures. For the history, printing a websites you or of a interest opening wish not charges less in shipping a filed success care to need that is...»

«Sams Teach Yourself Microsoft SQL Server 2000 In 21 Days It would review I the digital network whether an use if many organizations about history brochures of Career. A least things from you will set treasure as a business the and do to create attracted across 60 ways. You might testify the domestic someone at the real account before the deed and download expertise in Sams Teach Yourself Microsoft SQL Server 2000 in 21 Days a airfare opportunity. A ownership to customer definition owners lies...»

«Risk and Capacity Management in Logistics Networks: The Example of Global Container Operators Risk and Capacity Management in Logistics Networks: The Example of Global Container Operators Stephan Zelewski, Matthias Klumpp, Susanne Hohmann Prof. Dr. Stephan Zelewski is director of the Institute for Production and Industrial Information Management at the University of Duisburg-Essen. His research interests are in general analysis and development of computer based tools and techniques in the field...»

«EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING POLICIES: NEW DIRECTIONS FOR LESS SKILLED ADULTS Paul Osterman MIT Sloan School Paper prepared for Urban Institute Conference “Workforce Policies For The Next Decade And Beyond” October, 2005 Americans of virtually all economic circumstances confront a more complicated and challenging job market than anytime in the postwar period. Frontline workers face insecurity due to outsourcing and reengineering and large numbers of working poor have not shared in America’s...»

«Integrating Environmental Concerns into the Design Process: The Gap between Theory and Practice Steven A. Melnyk Robert B. Handfield Roger J. Calantone Department of Marketing and Supply Chain Management Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-1122 Sime Curkovic Western Michigan University Haworth College of Business Kalamazoo, MI 49008-3899 Integrating Environmental Concerns into the Design Process: The Gap between Theory and Practice ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the product design...»

«HKFRS 9 Issued December 2013 Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standard 9 Financial Instruments (Hedge Accounting and amendments to HKFRS 9, HKFRS 7 and HKAS 39) FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS (AMENDMENTS) COPYRIGHT © Copyright 2013 Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants This Hong Kong Financial Reporting Standard contains IFRS Foundation copyright material. Reproduction within Hong Kong in unaltered form (retaining this notice) is permitted for personal and non-commercial use subject to the...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.