WWW.THESES.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Theses, dissertations, documentation
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 10 | 11 || 13 | 14 |   ...   | 17 |

«Delivered to | Northern Communications Information Systems Working Group c/o Government of Yukon Delivered by | Nordicity Date | Foreword The Project ...»

-- [ Page 12 ] --

The diference between Nunavut and the other 2 Territories is the presence of microwave networks for some communities for the later Territories.

These download speed should not be compared with territorial household averages which include fbred communities as download speeds in those communities that currently have fbre are much higher. For example, the advertised download speeds in Whitehorse - on fbre - are 50Mbps.

GDP Impacts The three Territories face very unique societal and geographical obstacles when implementing broadband and pricing structures. GDP growth was calculated by adjusting the benchmarking studies to the unique economic and broadband circumstances in the three Territories. An increase in broadband penetration was found to result in an increase of GDP dollars. Also, an increase in broadband speed impact was a key factor and was found to result in an increase in GDP dollars. In short, if this report’s starting point of 9 Mbps download speed (1.5 Mbps upload) standard is adopted, the North is expected to experience a notable increase in GDP over the 2016-2023 period.

GDP IMPACT OF INCREASED CONNECTIVITY

THE NORTH IS EXPECTED TO EXPERIENCE A NOTABLE INCREASE IN GDP OVER THE 2016-2023

PERIOD.

As Figure illustrates, the additional GDP is cumulative and includes the impacts of the previous year until 2023. There is a steady growth in GDP accumulation in the frst few years of implementing the broadband plan. Once the 9 Mbps target has been reached in 2019 for Yukon, NWT and for Nunavut, in 2020, the growth in broadband penetration declines in the model to a more natural path to steady state penetration and the GDP growth becomes more modest in growth.

Figure : Cumulative Additional GDP from broadband connectivity, territorial economies, $ millions, 2016-2023 49.9 48.5 46.5 44.1 41.1 31.6 29.8 28.9 27.7 26.2 24.3 21.6 18.7 23.3 12.8 22.8 22.1 11.0 21.2 17.3 6.6 13.1 8.9 4.5 Source: Nordicity estimates NWT would obtain the greatest cumulative GDP impact: $294.2 million to its economy over the 2016-23 period. In comparison, the Yukon economy would gain a cumulated $174.9 million and the Nunavut economy, $133.1 million. On average, broadband would add $14.8 million in GDP on an annual basis to the Nunavut economy, – while Yukon and NWT broadband would add $19.4 million and $32.7 million of GDP per year respectively.

Table 3 : Total GDP impact, by Territory

–  –  –

One of the main issues in measuring broadband’s impact on GDP is the difculty in isolating the broadband impact from the overall impacts from general Information and Communications Technology (‘ICT’). Brookings Institution and Criterion Economics’ research suggests that growth in GDP resulting from ICT improvements does not yield particularly clear results and likely has a level of inaccuracy in the results that prevents the data from being taken at ‘face value’. This may be due to the di fculties in isolating the ‘broadband-specifc efect.’ In summary, while the research on broadband’s efects on GDP is not defnitive, the results do point to a positive relationship between broadband adoption and penetration, on the one hand, and GDP growth, on the other – a relationship which is not necessarily explained by other economic factors.

Employment Using Statistics Canada data for GDP and annual growth in employment to estimate the number of jobs created for every $1 million dollar increase in provincial GDP, the employment range impacts are presented in Figure, for all three Territories. The analysis indicates that between 2016-2023 the forecast of broadband penetration and improvements in download speeds is expected to generate between 68 and 220 new jobs in the Yukon economy. The employment impact in Northwest Territories is expected to be 109 to 238 new jobs and the employment impact in Nunavut is expected to be 72 to 178 new jobs. In total, therefore, the expansion of the Ibid.

broadband services in the North (in accordance with the forecast in this analysis) is expected to create between 249 and 636 new jobs in the North between 2016 and 2023.

Figure : Overall Employment Maximum and Minimum projections, 2016-2023 45.0 40.0 35.0 30.0

–  –  –

Source: Nordicity estimates Fiscal Impact In addition to GDP and employment economic impacts – discussed above - in this section we consider potential fscal impacts. This type of impact is especially pertinent in the evaluation of investment decisions by the territorial governments.

Determination of fscal impacts requires the determination of the quantum of tax revenue generated by broadband’s associated economic impact in each of the Territories for the four taxation categories – as identifed in the table below. The fscal impact was calculated using 2009 tax ratios and the GDP impacts calculated in the economic model.

The personal income tax calculation also required additional data to calculate the portion of wages and salaries that comprise each Territory’s GDP. This was also done using 2009 data in order to preserve the comparability of data. Overall, the NWT government would see the most tax revenue attributed the economic impact of broadband, at $22.3 million, while the Yukon and Nunavut governments would see $9.86 million and $5.45 million in tax revenues, respectively.





The net changes in tax revenues from 2016-2023 are outlined in the table below. Personal income taxes would comprise the greatest portion of tax revenues generated since wages and salaries also comprise the bulk of GDP for each Territory.

In total, broadband would generate $37.61 million in tax revenues for all the Territories between 2016-2023.

INCREASED CONNECTIVITY; INCREASED CONSUMER VALUE

BROADBAND EXPANSION IN LINE WITH THIS REPORT’S FORECAST IS EXPECTED TO GENERATE

$133.8 MILLION IN CONSUMER SURPLUS IN THE 2016-2023 TIMEFRAME

–  –  –

Impact on Resource Development While resource development is often cited as the motor for economic development in the Territories, potential increases in economic and social prosperity from enhanced connectivity would also beneft resource development. As mentioned above, economic growth spurred on by access to improved connectivity would increase the attractiveness of doing business in these remote areas. As reports from the Canadian Chamber of Commerce and the National Aboriginal Economic Development Board conclude, current infrastructure defcits are serious impediments to economic activity, adding to the costs of doing business and increasing the logistical challenges to development in the area Investment in new infrastructure that can provide enhanced service standards would not only attract further resource development but would also beneft the community – in terms of accelerating job creation, procurement opportunities and increasing opportunities to build public-private partnerships.

–  –  –

In Appendix 4, Detailed Economic and Social Benefts Assessment, the economic and socioeconomic benefts of several connectivity projects in other best-practice jurisdictions that share similar characteristics (broadband starting points, demographics, geography, etc.) are discussed to provide context for this study and its fndings.

4. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT ANALYSIS

While not easily quantifed, the socio-economic impacts of improved connectivity in the North nevertheless tell of the positive impacts and efciencies that can occur as a result of achieving improved connectivity.

IMPROVING EDUCATION; SAVING TIME, AND MONEY

BROADBAND ACCESS CAN IMPROVE EDUCATION, AND SAVE TIME AND MONEY

Education Better broadband connectivity in the Northern schools would improve distance education services that rely on video-conferencing and high-bandwidth for access to course materials.

Improved connectivity can also help with learning and searching for pedagogical resources.

For example, the ACIA report found that the lack of broadband infrastructure in remote communities in the North increases the cost of education. That report describes the enormous positive infuence broadband can have on public expenditures and the obvious benefts to children and students.

Though not exhaustive, some of the education benefts of broadband infrastructure include:

Enabling children to remain in their home community to complete their education, greatly increasing their chances of graduating. The benefts to the individual, society and government when children are educated are signifcant and long term ;

Enabling a wider array of professional development opportunities for educators and adult learners – as seen, for example, in CanNor’s Northern Adult Basic Education Program8 ; and, Facilitating the collection and analysis of greater amounts of student data to more accurately track student performance 8 A close examination of some of the benefts that broadband infrastructure has on education reveals not only useful guiding principles for policy makers to consider when reforming educational policy, but also where cost savings may be introduced in tandem with these policy changes.

Small- and Medium-sized Businesses Reliable network connections and video-conferencing, etc. are key functions required for businesses in today’s market. In order for small and medium sized businesses to compete, broadband access needs to be of equal quality with the rest of Canada and the world. When these businesses experience slow access or Internet outages due to unreliable networks, this can translate into thousands of dollars lost. Under current connectivity constraints, businesses located in the North may miss deadlines for submitting a proposal for projects due to a downed network, for example, thus hindering their competitiveness in their market.

ENABLING SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESSES

SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESSES NEED ENHANCED BROADBAND ACCESS TO COMPETE IN THE

DIGITAL ECONOMY.

Enhanced and more reliable connectivity would provide a ‘level playing feld’ for small and medium businesses to compete efciently with their southern counterparts. For example, both retailers and consumers would beneft from more reliable networks, faster transaction speeds and new digital wallet services enabled by advanced telecoms networks. There would also be more opportunity for Internet-focused employment like web designers or online businesses since entry into these markets would no longer limited by connectivity. With opening up of the marketplace and access to the rest of the world with improved connectivity, businesses would be able to develop new lines of business, develop markets in southern Canada and globally. 8 Finally, enhanced connectivity would attract new businesses to the north, increasing employment opportunities for northerners and providing increased choice and lower prices for consumers.

8 Katz, R. for the ITU. (2012). “The Impact of Broadband on the Economy: Research to Date and Policy Issues”. Accessed May 16, 2013 from: http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg/broadband/ITU-BB-Reports_Impact-of-Broadband-on-the-Economy.pdf Healthcare

HEALTHCARE COST SAVINGS: SIGNIFICANT

BROADBAND ACCESS CAN IMPROVE E-HEALTH DELIVERY AND REDUCE HEALTHCARE AND

TRAVEL COSTS.

Average per capita healthcare expenditure (2012 estimates) are much higher in the Territories:

Yukon ($8,916), Northwest Territories ($9,853) and Nunavut ($13, 250) than the Canadian average $5,948. Similarly, the portion of GDP spent on healthcare is higher in the Territories.

Broadband connectivity - when combined with e-health technology - can play a large role in bringing these costs down for the Territories and closer to the national average. Studies commissioned by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (‘CIHI’) indicate that technology can reduce healthcare costs in the medium and long run. Specifcally, enhanced broadband could improve healthcare access while simultaneously reducing transportation costs and improving the speed and quality of care. For example, diagnoses in rural communities can be done quickly and efciently by enabling video-conferencing and diagnostic image sharing between healthcare professionals and between patients and their healthcare providers.

Similarly, video conferencing can be an efcient tool to provide a portion of the continuous education needs of health care professionals. Reliable broadband networks are also a prerequisite for cloud based e-health record systems that are critical for health authorities in developing comprehensive, accurate and standardized health data e-health data are critical to ensure efcient accounting, tracking public health issues and sharing of information amongst professionals. Broadband networks would also enable the development and dissemination of video-based public health information on topics pertinent to the North (e.g., addiction services).

Government Enhanced connectivity – and the improved communications and innovations enabled by it – would greatly support the Government of Canada’s Northern Strategy and its four priority areas

Ibid.

of (i) exercising Canada’s Arctic sovereignty; (ii) protecting Canada’s environmental heritage;

(iii) promoting social and economic development; and (iv) improving and devolving Northern governance.

Improvements in exercising Canada’s sovereignty would include:

Improved remote sensing equipment such as: icebreakers, fsh and wildlife tracking systems; and, Reduction in search and rescue response times, and enhanced collaboration with Arctic neighbours.

Improvements in protecting Canada’s environmental heritage includes:

Modernizing communications equipment used to monitor the impact of the changing climate on environmentally sensitive lands in the North.

Improvements in promoting social and economic development include:

Enhancing the appeal of the North to investors;



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 10 | 11 || 13 | 14 |   ...   | 17 |


Similar works:

«Mhosva Inoripwa That not is creditor's card and is its managing. A great different list is of a transaction to confuse the many collection, only with you are with potential thing in you though all cost. A is many, of this card as cheeses offer the download costs. Of the deep offline in the option, the application maintenance kind may require often and sure started by the outlook. Easily, it may double your cases to remember more and the transfer better debit. A Yacht House Stan using the ASEAN...»

«BBVA's Social Housing Policy in Spain Executive Summary  As part of its responsible business policies, BBVA has created a social housing policy that goes beyond legally required criteria and is designed to: 1. Offer solutions to all families struggling to pay their mortgage loans.2. Ensure that any family at risk of exclusion that is a mortgage customer of BBVA has a roof over its head.3. Back employment through job-search programs and financial aid, to enable families to regain their...»

«LA DISTRIBUCIÓN DEL INGRESO EN LA ARGENTINA Y SUS CONDICIONANTES ESTRUCTURALES∗ Eduardo M. Basualdo1 1. La distribución del ingreso durante los últimos años La debacle del 2001 fue la conclusión de una profunda y prolongada crisis económica y social, que comienza tres años antes y provocó una reducción de aproximadamente el 20% del PBI. La misma, no sólo implicó la implosión de la Convertibilidad (tasa de cambio fija y convertible) sino que fundamentalmente constituyó la...»

«El Estado de la Información sobre Tenencia de la Tierra para la Formulación de Políticas de Tierra en América Latina por Mariana Herrera1 Oficina de Desarrollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente Organización de los Estados Americanos Resumen Este trabajo se basa en el estudio de Grenville Barnes, Byron Real y Mariana Herrera para la Organización para la Agricultura y la Alimentación, con el fin de examinar el estado de la información sobre tenencia de la tierra. En él se llega a la...»

«International Journal of Development and Economic Sustainability Vol.2, No.1, pp.1-10, March 2014 Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (www.ea-journals.org) TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE ALLOCATION OF POTABLE WATER IN GHANA: EVIDENCE FROM KUMASI Jonathan D. Quartey Department of Economics Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana. ABSTRACT: The provision of potable water for human sustenance both now and in the future is one of the most critical...»

«Front Range Roundtable Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Project 2011 Ecological, Social and Economic Monitoring Plan Written and Compiled by Jessica Clement, PhD and Peter Brown, PhD Colorado Forest Restoration Institute 2011 Monitoring Plan Front Range Collaborative Forest Landscape Restoration Project Chapter 1. Introduction 3 1.1 Points of Uncertainty 4 1.2 Adaptive Management and Collaborative Learning 6 Chapter 2. Process Methods 7 2.1 Collaborative Process Chronology 10 2.2 Key...»

«1 Executions Order 21 of the Code of Civil Procedure deals with the solemn act of execution of the decrees passed by the Courts from grassroots to the top. Ultimately, after the judgment attains finality or where there is no stay in the execution by any Appellate or Revisional Court, it is the Court of original jurisdiction which performs this sacred act of implementation of the execution. It has been often seen that in view of less number of units prescribed for execution of the decree, the...»

«GHENT UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ACADEMIC YEAR 2012 – 2013 The role of PE firm heterogeneity in capital structure and financial distress in buy-out transactions Master thesis submitted to obtain the degree of Master of Science in Applied Economics: Business Engineering Thomas Standaert and Recep Tuncel under the guidance of Prof. dr. Miguel Meuleman GHENT UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ACADEMIC YEAR 2012 – 2013 The role of PE...»

«Barcelona Treball Aerospace industry Sector Report 2013 With the collaboration of: Ascamm Co-financed by: The 10 keys to understanding the sector The aerospace industry in Catalonia is outstanding because of the excellence of its products and the jobs it creates. The sector The aerospace industry is divided into two different sectors: aeronautics and space, each of which has its special features. The aerospace industry is a key sector for the economic development of countries both because it is...»

«© Investigaciones Regionales – Journal of Regional Research, 32 (2015) – Pages 11 to 29 Section ArtIcles Rethinking the industrial district: 35 years later Fabio Sforzi * ABSTRACT: The year 2014 marked a double anniversary: the 35th and 25th anniversaries of the publication of two seminal papers of Giacomo Becattini on the industrial district. The first paper (Becattini, 1979) conceptualizes the industrial district as a «unit of investigation», while the second (Becattini, 1989)...»

«CURRICULUM VITAE LUIS A. RIVEROS December 2011 I. Personal Data NAME: LUIS ALFREDO RIVEROS Business Address: University of Chile – School of Economics and Business Av. Diagonal Paraguay 257; Office # Santiago – Chile | (Phone): (562) 978-3737 and (562) 978-3738 (FAX): (562) 978-1053 E-Mail (Internet): lriveros@fen.uchile.cl riveros_luis@yahoo.com Born: In Santiago Chile, 02/18/48 Age: 63 Nationality: Chilean Marital Status Married II. Employment Record (A) Current Positions Full Professor...»

«O Legislativo em Goiás História e Legislaturas Volume 1 F. Itami Campos Arédio Teixeira Duarte O Legislativo em Goiás História e Legislaturas Volume 1 2ª Edição Revista e Ampliada Goiânia, 2011 Diretor-Geral Colaboradora Milton Rodrigues Campos Procuradora Sandra Maria de Azevedo Simon Camelo Diretor Administrativo Gilnei Alberto Ribeiro Fotos Yocihar Maeda Diretor Legislativo Fernando Netto Lorenzi Revisão Geórgia Ferreira Nunes Diretor de Comunicação Social Paulo Tadeu...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.theses.xlibx.info - Theses, dissertations, documentation

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.